Jessica Mathews

Jessica Tuchman Mathews (born July 4, 1946) is an American international affairs expert with a focus on climate and energy, defense and security, nuclear weapons, and conflict and governance. She was President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, an international affairs think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. with offices in five other countries, from 1997 to 2015.[1] She has also held jobs in the Executive and Legislative branches of government, management and research in nonprofits, and journalism.

Jessica Mathews
Mathews in 2009
Jessica Tuchman

(1946-07-04) July 4, 1946
Alma materRadcliffe College, A.B. 1967
Caltech, Ph.D. 1973
Employer(s)Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1997–present
TitleDirector, National Security Council Office of Global Issues
Board member ofEditorial board, Washington Post, 1980–1982
  • Colin D. Mathews
    (m. 1978; div. 1993)
  • General Charles G. Boyd
    (m. 1994)
  • Maurice Wertheim (grandfather)
  • Henry Morgenthau Sr. (great-grandfather)
  • Anne W. Simon (aunt)
  • Rafe Pomerance (cousin)


Jessica Mathews was born on July 4, 1946, to Jewish parents Barbara Tuchman (née Wertheim) (1912–1989), historian and Pulitzer Prize winner, and Lester Tuchman (c. 1904–1997), medical researcher and professor of clinical medicine at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine.[2] Her maternal grandfather was banker Maurice Wertheim.

Mathews attended Radcliffe College (1963–1967), earning her A.B. in 1967. She continued her education in biochemistry and biophysics at California Institute of Technology (1968–1973), receiving her doctorate in 1973.[3]

From 1977 to 1979, Mathews was Director of the Office of Global Issues of the National Security Council, covering nuclear proliferation, conventional arms sales policy, chemical and biological warfare, and human rights. In 1993, she returned to government as deputy to the Undersecretary of State for Global Affairs.[4]

Mathews served on the editorial board of the Washington Post from 1980 to 1982, covering energy, environment, science, technology, arms control, health, and other issues. Later, she became a weekly columnist for the Washington Post, writing a column that appeared nationwide and in the International Herald Tribune.[4]

From 1982 to 1993, Mathews was founding Vice President and Director of Research of the World Resources Institute, a center for policy research on environmental and natural-resource management issues.[5]

From 1993 to 1997, Mathews was a Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and served as Director of the Council's Washington program.[6] On April 9, 1996, Mathews delivered the Henry E. and Nancy Horton Bartels World Affairs Fellowship Lecture in the David L. Call Alumni Auditorium of Kennedy Hall at Cornell University.[7] While at the Council on Foreign Relations in 1997 she published her article "Power Shift" in its journal, Foreign Affairs. Her work was chosen by the journal's editors as one of the most influential pieces of writing in the publication's 75 years.[8]

From 1997 to 2015, she was President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a foreign policy think tank in Washington, D.C.[1]

She is a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group.[9]

In 2012, she was elected to serve as one of 13 members of the President and Fellows of Harvard College, the main governing board of the University, and continues to serve in this capacity.[3]


Mathews first married Colin D. Mathews in 1978.[10][11] He had two children from a previous marriage. They had two sons: Oliver Max Tuchman Mathews and Jordan Henry Morgenthau Mathews. Her first marriage ended in divorce in 1993. She was married to retired Air Force General Charles G. Boyd.[12]



  • "Redefining Security." Foreign Affairs, Vol. 68, No. 2, Spring 1989, pp. 162–177. doi:10.2307/20043906. JSTOR 20043906.
  • "A Small Price to Pay for Proving Malthus Wrong." International Herald Tribune, June 9, 1994, p. 88.
  • "Power Shift." Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76, No. 1, January/February 1997, pp. 50–66. doi:10.2307/20047909. JSTOR 20047909.
  • "Estranged Partners." Foreign Policy, No. 127, November/December 2001, pp. 48–53. doi:10.2307/3183293. JSTOR 3183293.
  • "Arming the Arms Inspectors." with Charles G. Boyd. The New York Times, September 19, 2002, p. A35.
  • "Washington Already Knows How to Deal with North Korea." The Atlantic, April 27, 2017. Archived from the original.

Books (edited)

Book chapters


Further reading


  1. "Jessica T. Mathews (Contributor biography)". New York Review of Books. Archived from the original on 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2021-08-30. Jessica T. Mathews was President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1997 until 2015 and is now a Distinguished Fellow there. She has served in the State Department and on the National Security Council staff in the White House. (May 2021)
  2. "Lester Tuchman, Internist and Professor, 93" (obituary). The New York Times, December 19, 1997, p. B13. Archived from the original. Archived 2021-08-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Jessica Tuchman Mathews (PhD '73) Elected to Harvard Corporation". 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-05-04. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
  4. "Jessica T. Mathews". Global Philanthropy Forum. Archived from the original on 2016-06-16. Retrieved 2016-05-16.
  5. "Spy Satellite Photos May Aid in Global Environment Study". New York Times. May 7, 1992. Archived from the original on August 30, 2021. Retrieved November 6, 2008.
  6. Ross, Eric B. "A Malthusian Premise Empties the Countryside." The New York Times, July 5, 1994. Originally published in the International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original. Archived 2021-08-30 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "1996 Bartels Speaker: Jessica Tuchman Mathews." Archived 2021-02-14 at the Wayback Machine Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies, April 9, 1996.
    "The Einaudi Center’s flagship event brings distinguished international figures to campus each academic year to speak on global topics and meet with Cornell faculty and students, particularly undergraduates. The Henry E. and Nancy Horton Bartels World Affairs Fellowship supports the speaker’s visit." (Source: "Bartels World Affairs Lecture". Archived 2021-02-10 at the Wayback Machine Cornell University.)
  8. Naidoo, Kumi (May 8, 2000). "The New Civic Globalism". The Nation. Retrieved 2008-11-06.
  9. "Steering Committee". Bilderberg Group. Archived from the original on 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
  10. "Jessica Tuchman Is Married". The New York Times. 1978-02-26. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2021-08-30. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  11. "Family tree of Jessica Tuchman". Geneanet. Archived from the original on 2021-08-30. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  12. "Charles G. Boyd". BENS Leadership. Business Executives for National Security. Archived from the original on 2009-12-26.
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