Huntingdonshire

Huntingdonshire (/ˈhʌntɪŋdənʃər, -ʃɪər/; abbreviated Hunts) is a local government district of Cambridgeshire and a historic county of England. The district council is based in Huntingdon. Other towns include Godmanchester, Ramsey, St Ives and St Neots. The population was 180,800 at the 2021 Census.[1]

St Ives, is the third-largest settlement in the district

Huntingdonshire
Huntingdon, the second-largest settlement in the district, its administrative centre and the historic county town of the historic county of Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire shown within Cambridgeshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionEast of England
Non-metropolitan countyCambridgeshire
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQHuntingdon
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
  TypeNon-metropolitan district council
  BodyHuntingdonshire District Council
  LeadershipLeader & Cabinet
  MPsJonathan Djanogly
Shailesh Vara
Area
  Total352.3 sq mi (912.5 km2)
  Rank38th (of 309)
Population
 (2021)
  Total180,832
  Rank109th (of 309)
  Density510/sq mi (200/km2)
  Ethnicity
94.6% White
1.8% S.Asian
1.3% Black
1.4% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
ONS code12UE (ONS)
E07000011 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTL1900381334
St Neots, is the largest-settlement in the district

History

The area corresponding to modern Huntingdonshire was first delimited in Anglo-Saxon times. Its boundaries have remained largely unchanged since the 10th century, although it lost its historic county status in 1974. On his accession in 1154 Henry II declared all Huntingdonshire a forest.[2]

Ramsey, is the fourth-largest settlement in the district

Status

Map of Huntingdonshire, 1824

In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888 Huntingdonshire became an administrative county, with the newly-formed Huntingdonshire County Council taking over administrative functions from the Quarter Sessions. The area in the north of the county forming part of the municipal borough of Peterborough became instead part of the Soke of Peterborough, an administrative county in Northamptonshire. In 1965, under a recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England, Huntingdonshire was merged with the Soke of Peterborough to form Huntingdon and Peterborough. The Lieutenancy county was also merged. At the same time, St Neots was expanded westwards over the river into Eaton Ford and Eaton Socon in Bedfordshire.

Godmanchester, is the fifth-largest settlement in the district

In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Huntingdon and Peterborough merged with Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely to form the new non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire. A Huntingdon district was created based closely on the former administrative county borders, with the exclusion of the Old Fletton urban district, which became part of the Peterborough district, as did the part of Norman Cross Rural District in Peterborough New Town. The district was renamed Huntingdonshire on 1 October 1984 by a resolution of the district council.[3]

Original historical documents relating to Huntingdonshire are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Huntingdon.

Proposed revival of administrative county

The Local Government Boundary Commission for England (1992) considered in the 1990s the case for making a Huntingdonshire unitary authority as part of a general structural review of English local government that led to unitary authorities in two other English counties that had been abolished: Rutland and Herefordshire.

The Draft Recommendations envisaged three possible scenarios for structural change in Cambridgeshire: the preferred option and the third option had a unitary Huntingdonshire, whilst the second option would have seen Huntingdonshire combine with Peterborough and Fenland to form a "Peterborough and Huntingdonshire" unitary authority. The Final Recommendations of the Commission for Cambridgeshire recommended no change in the status quo in Cambridgeshire.[4] The districts of Peterborough and Huntingdonshire were referred back to the commission for reconsideration in 1995. The commission recommended the creation of a Peterborough unitary authority, but proposed that Huntingdonshire remain part of the shire county of Cambridgeshire, noting that "there was no exceptional county allegiance to Huntingdonshire, as had been perceived in Rutland and Herefordshire."[5]

David McKie writing in The Guardian in October 1994 noted that "Writers-in demanded an independent Huntingdon; but MORI's more broadly based poll showed that most Huntingdonians – that is, most of [Prime Minister] John Major's electors – were content to stay part of Cambridgeshire."[6]

Awareness promotion

After the failure to revive the unitary authority, a Huntingdonshire Society was set up to promote awareness of Huntingdonshire as a historic county and campaign for its reinstatement as an administrative and ceremonial entity. In 2002 it established an annual "Huntingdonshire Day" on 25 April, the birthday of Oliver Cromwell.[7][8] After a campaign by the Huntingdonshire Society, the county flag of Huntingdonshire, a gold and beribboned hunting horn on a green field, was registered by the Flag Institute in June 2009.[9]

Governance

Huntingdonshire District Council's headquarters are located in Pathfinder House in Huntingdon. The council consists of 52 councillors. Until 2018, district council elections were held in three out of every four years, with a third of the 52 council seats coming up each time. Elections since have been held for all seats every four years.[10] The Conservative party had a majority on the council from 1976 until 2022, after which a joint administration took control of the council.

Sports

Huntingdonshire is the birthplace of bandy, now an IOC accepted sport.[11] According to documents from 1813, Bury Fen Bandy Club was undefeated for 100 years. A club member, Charles Tebbutt, wrote the first official rules in 1882 and helped to spread the sport to other countries.[12]

Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club is taken to be one of the 20 minor counties of English and Welsh cricket, but it has never played in the Minor Counties Championship. It has its own Cricket Board and played in the English domestic one-day competition from 1999 to 2003.county entered teams into the English domestic one-day competition, matches which had List A status. The county played seven List A matches during this period, with the final List A match it played coming against Cheshire.[13]

Towns and villages

Towns

Hamlets and villages

Notable people

In order of birth:

  • Henry of Saltrey, a Huntingdonshire Cistercian monk, wrote Tractatus de Purgatorio Sancti Patricii (Treatise on the Purgatory of St Patrick) in about 1180–1184.
  • Sir William Papworth (1331–1414) of Grafham and Papworth St. Agnes was a member of five 14th-century parliaments.
  • Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536), previously Queen of England, died in confinement at Kimbolton Castle.
  • Henry Brandon, 2nd Duke of Suffolk and his brother Charles Brandon, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, nephews of Henry VIII, died of sweating sickness at Buckden Towers within an hour of each other on 14 July 1551.
  • Nicholas Ferrar (1592–1637), scholar, courtier and cleric, spent the last eleven years of his life at the Little Gidding community, inspiration of the fourth poem in T. S. Eliot's Four Quartets.
  • Philip Nye (1595–1672), Independent theologian, became the incumbent of Kimbolton and an adviser to Cromwell.
  • Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658), Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland 1653–1658, was educated at Huntingdon Grammar School.
  • Richard Astry (c. 1632–1714) was an English antiquary.
  • Samuel Pepys (1633–1703), Member of Parliament (MP) and diarist, attended Huntingdon Grammar School.
  • William Sparrow (1641–1729), cut the famous turf maze at Hilton in 1660.
  • Alice and Thomas Curwen were active in the county as Quaker preachers in 1677–1678.[14]
  • Ann Jebb (1735–1812), political reformer and radical writer, was born at Kings Ripton.
  • William Henry Fellowes (1769–1837) of Ramsey Abbey, was a longstanding MP for Huntingdon and then Huntingdonshire.
  • Olinthus Gregory (1774–1841), mathematician and editor, was born at Yaxley.
  • Robert Fox (1798–1843), antiquary and local historian, was born and died at Godmanchester.
  • Charles Bowen Cooke (1859–1920), locomotive engineer, was born at Orton Longueville.
  • Henry Royce (1863–1933), pioneering car manufacturer and founder of Rolls-Royce Limited apparently had some connection with the county.
  • Lucy M. Boston (1892–1990), children's writer, lived in Huntingdonshire from 1937 until her death, and set the Green Knowe series there.
  • Josef Jakobs (1898–1941), German spy captured in Ramsey Hollow, Huntingdonshire in 1941
  • Michael Lawrence (born 1943), children's writer, is best known for the Jiggy McCue series.
  • John Major (born 1943), politician and Prime Minister (1990–1997), was MP for Huntingdonshire from 1979 to 2001, and still resides in the county at Great Stukeley.
  • John Butcher (1946–2006), Conservative MP and junior minister, was raised in Huntingdonshire and attended Huntingdon Grammar School.
  • Terry Reid (born 1949), rock musician, grew up in Holywell.
  • Chris Morris (born 1962), satirist known for the television series Brass Eye and The Day Today
  • Jason Ablewhite (born 1972) former leader of Huntingdonshire District Council, former Cambridgeshire Police and Crime Commissioner

Arms

Coat of arms of Huntingdonshire
Notes
Originally granted to Huntingdonshire County Council on 9 April 1937.
Crest
On a wreath of the Argent and Azure a lion rampant Gules gorged with a collar flory counter-flory Or and supporting a staff proper flying therefrom a banner Vert charged with a hunting horn stringed Or.
Escutcheon
Barry wavy Argent and Azure on a lozenge throughout Vert between in chief three garbs one and two and in base a cornucopia a fess embattled all Or.
Motto
Labore Omnia Florent (By Labour Everything Prospers)[15]

See also

  • Flag of Huntingdonshire
  • List of Lord Lieutenants of Huntingdonshire
  • List of High Sheriffs of Huntingdonshire
  • Custos Rotulorum of Huntingdonshire – Keepers of the Rolls
  • Huntingdonshire (UK Parliament constituency) -Historical list of MPs for Huntingdonshire constituency

References

  1. Roskams, Michael. "Population and household estimates, England and Wales: Census 2021 - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  2. H. R. Loyn, Anglo-Saxon England and the Norman Conquest 2nd ed. 1991, pp. 378–382.
  3. Name change. The Times, 27 April 1984.
  4. Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Final Recommendations for the Future Local Government of Cambridgeshire. October 1994.
  5. Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of: Basildon & Thurrock, Blackburn & Blackpool, Broxtowe, Gedling & Rushcliffe, Dartford & Gravesham, Gillingham & Rochester upon Medway, Exeter, Gloucester, Halton & Warrington, Huntingdonshire & Peterborough, Northampton, Norwich, Spelthorne and the Wrekin. December 1995.
  6. "Commentary: Hatred of Harlow and bad thoughts about Basildon", David McKie, The Guardian, 31 October 1994.
  7. And you're from where? The Times. 20 April 2002.
  8. Gavin Bell (19 June 2004). "Cambridgeshire: Cromwell's own county". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  9. "UK Flag Registry – Huntingdonshire". The Flag Institute. 25 June 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  10. "Changing to Whole Council Elections – Explanatory Document" (PDF). Huntingdonshire District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  11. "Olympic". Federation of International Bandy. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009.
  12. Helen Burchell (24 September 2014). "Cambridgeshire> History> local history> A handy Bandy guide..." BBC News.
  13. "List A matches played by Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  14. Michael Mullett: "Curwen, Thomas (c. 1610–1680)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, UK: OUP, 2004) Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  15. "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 9 March 2021.

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