Hulu Perak District

Hulu Perak District (Upper Perak) is a district in Perak, Malaysia. As the largest district in Perak, there are border to the east of the district is the state of Kelantan, to the west is Kedah, to the south is the district of Kuala Kangsar while to the south-west is the district of Larut, Matang and Selama. Hulu Perak also shares a border with Betong District of Thailand. The seat of the district is Gerik, which is also the largest town of the district.

Hulu Perak District
Daerah Hulu Perak
Other transcription(s)
  Jawiهولو ڤراق
  Chinese上霹雳县
  Tamilஉலு பேராக்
Location of Hulu Perak District in Perak
Hulu Perak District
Location of Hulu Perak District in Malaysia
Coordinates: 5°20′N 101°15′E
Country Malaysia
State Perak
SeatGerik
Local area government(s)Gerik District Council
(Gerik)
Lenggong District Council
(Lenggong)
Pengkalan Hulu District Council
(Pengkalan Hulu)
Government
  District officern/a[1]
Area
  Total6,560.43 km2 (2,533.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
  Total89,067
  Estimate 
(2015)[4]
97,300
  Density14/km2 (35/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+8 (Not observed)
Postcode
33100 (Pengkalan Hulu)
33300 (Gerik)
33400 (Lenggong)
Calling code+6-05
Vehicle registration platesA

The highest point of the district is located at Titiwangsa Mountains, with 1,533 m high Ulu Titi Basah peak near the Thai/Malaysian border, and Temenggor Lake.[5]

History

In 1511, after the fall of the Malacca Sultanate to the Portuguese, Sultan Mahmud Shah retreated and established his government in Bentan. In 1526 the Portuguese attacked his domain again and forced him to retreat to Kampar and to establish his rule there.

At that time, Tun Saban had moved to Upper Patani and stayed at Beredung Budi. He then moved to Belum Forest in Hulu Perak, founded a village at a place called Relap Hati, and became the chief of the peoples in Belum Forest.

For sometime until the 19th century, a good part of this district was under the sovereignty of Siam, as part of the old Malay kingdom of Reman. The area then under Thai control included what is today Gerik, Pengkalan Hulu (Kroh), Kerunai, the Belum forest and the Temenggor Lakes. The capital of Reman was near Pengkalan Hulu.[6]

In 1882, the border between the then-British protected state of Perak and the Siamese vassal state of Reman was delimited at Bukit Nasha, some 5 km south of Gerik town.

An adjustment in 1899 transferred Gerik town and the surrounding commune to the Federated Malay States, which Perak was then part of.

The present-day border, part of the longer Malaysia-Thailand border, was finalised in 1909, when the districts of Pengkalan Hulu, Kerunai, Belukar Semang, Belum and the present-day Temenggor Lakes were transferred to the FMS. The British also gained control of Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu.

Administrative divisions

Map of Hulu Perak District

Hulu Perak District is divided into 10 mukims and three district councils, which are:[7]

  • Under Pengkalan Hulu District Council
  • Under Gerik District Council
  • Under Lenggong District Council

The municipalities of Pengkalan Hulu and Lenggong are autonomous subdistricts (daerah kecil).

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991 81,636    
2000 82,551+1.1%
2010 89,926+8.9%
2020 95,076+5.7%
Source: [8]

The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.[3]

Ethnic groups in Hulu Perak , 2010 census
EthnicityPopulationPercentage
Bumiputera77,38686.9%
Chinese8,6289.6%
Indian1,6581.9%
Others1,3951.6%
Total89,067100%

Federal Parliament and State Assembly Seats


List of Hulu Perak district representatives in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)

ParliamentSeat NameMember of ParliamentParty
P54 GerikFathul Huzir AyobPerikatan Nasional (PPBM)
P55 LenggongShamsul Anuar NasarahBarisan Nasional (UMNO)
P62 Sungai SiputKesavan SubramaniamPakatan Harapan (PKR)


List of Hulu Perak district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly

ParliamentStateSeat NameState AssemblymanParty
P54 N01Pengkalan HuluMohamad Amin RoslanPerikatan Nasional (PAS)
P54 N02TemengorSalbiah MohamedBarisan Nasional (UMNO)
P55 N03KeneringHusaini AriffinPerikatan Nasional (PAS)
P55 N04Kota TampanSaarani MohamadBarisan Nasional (UMNO)
P62 N21LintangMohd Zolkafly HarunBarisan Nasional (UMNO)

See also

References

  1. "Portal Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah Hulu Perak, Gerik - Pegawai Daerah". pdtgerik.perak.gov.my.
  2. "Rancangan Tempatan Daerah Hulu Perak 2030 (Jilid 1)" (PDF) (in Malay). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  3. "Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristics, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. "Rancangan Struktur Negeri Perak 2040" (PDF). p. 316. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  5. "Gunong Ulu Titi Basah: Thailand". Geographic.org. 1994-04-06. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  6. "Perang saudara di Hulu Perak". Utusan Online. Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  7. "Portal Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah Hulu Perak, Gerik - Geografi Daerah". pdtgerik.perak.gov.my.
  8. "Key Findings Population and Housing Census of Malaysia, 2020" (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
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