House of Maktoum

The House of Maktoum (Arabic: آل مكتوم Āl Maktūm) is the ruling royal family of the Emirate of Dubai, and one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates. The family is a branch of the Bani Yas clan (a lineage the family shares with the Al Nahyan dynasty of Abu Dhabi), which is a branch of the Al Bu Falasah section of the Bani Yas, a tribal federation that was the dominant power through the region that now forms the United Arab Emirates.

House of Maktoum
Parent houseAl Bu Falasah
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
  • 9 July 1833
  • 189 years ago
FounderMaktoum bin Butti
Current headMohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Style(s)His/Her Highness


In 1833, about 800 members of the Bani Yas tribe, under the leadership of Maktoum bin Butti, took over the emirate of Dubai and established the Al Maktoum dynasty in the emirate.[1][2]

The Al Maktoum dynasty has ruled Dubai since 1833. Within the federation of the United Arab Emirates, a member of the Dubai ruling family is also de facto always the country's Vice President, Prime Minister and Defence Minister.

Family tree

Simplified family tree showing the line of succession and dates in power

The following Al Maktoum family members have ruled Dubai:[1]

  • 9 July 1833 – 1836 Sheikh Obeid bin Said bin Rashid (d. 1836)
  • 9 July 1833 – 1852 Sheikh Maktoum bin Butti bin Suhail (d. 1852)
  • 1852 – 1859 Sheikh Saeed bin Butti (d. 1859)
  • 1859 – 22 November 1886 Sheikh Hasher bin Maktoum (d. 1886)
  • 22 November 1886 – 7 April 1894 Sheikh Rashid bin Maktoum (d. 1894)
  • 7 April 1894 – 16 February 1906 Sheikh Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum (d. 1906)
  • 16 February 1906 – November 1912 Sheikh Butti bin Suhail Al Maktoum (d. 1912)
  • November 1912 – September 1958 Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum (d. 1958)
  • September 1958 – 7 October 1990 Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum (d. 1990)
  • 7 October 1990 – 4 January 2006 Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (d. 2006)
  • 4 January 2006 - current Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum


The Al Maktoum family owns Godolphin, one of the premier thoroughbred studs.[3]


Shamsa bint Mohammed Al Maktoum has alleged that she was kidnapped off the streets of Cambridge by her father Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum’s men.[4] Latifa bint Mohammed Al Maktoum has also alleged that she was kidnapped and tortured on the orders of her father. The actions taken against the princesses was allegedly motivated by a desire to protect the reputation of the Al Maktoum family.[5]

On 29 June 2019, The Sun reported that the wife of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum, Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, had fled Dubai and was in Germany seeking political asylum along with her children, a son and a daughter.[6][7][8] The cause of the departure was unknown,[9] despite a poem alluding to betrayal.[9][10] On 30 July 2019 at the High Court, she filed for the sole custody of their two children, for a forced marriage protection order (FMPO), a non-molestation order, and non-repatriation to Dubai.[11]

In December 2019, a UK family court ruled that—on the balance of probabilities—Sheikh Mohammed had orchestrated the abductions of Sheikha Latifa and Sheikha Shamsa and that he continued to maintain a regime whereby both were deprived of their liberty. Also on the balance of probabilities, that he had subjected his former wife, Princess Haya, to a campaign of "intimidation"; the findings were published in March 2020.[12][13][14]

See also


  1. "Al Maktoum". Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  2. Zahlan, Rosemarie Said (1998). The Making of Modern Gulf States: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman. Garnett & Ithaca Press. ISBN 0-86372-229-6.
  3. "Godolphin doping scandal: A guide to the key issues". BBC. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  4. "Police investigate 'kidnap' of sheikh's daughter | UK news | the Guardian". Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  5. Bowcott, Owen; Siddique, Haroon (5 March 2020). "Kidnapping case: what happened to Sheikh Mohammed's daughters?". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  6. "Dubai's ruler battles wife in UK court after she fled emirate". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  7. Speare-Cole, Rebecca (28 June 2019). "Dubai's Princess Haya 'flees country after leaving Crown Prince husband', reports say". Evening Standard.
  8. "Reports: Dubai princess left Crown Prince husband, fled UAE". Middle East Monitor. 29 June 2019.
  9. Salem, Ola. "The Fairy Tale Is Over for Dubai's Royal Family".
  10. "Dubai's ruling family rocked by fresh scandal as Princess Haya seeks refuge in London". France 24. 5 July 2019.
  11. "Dubai ruler's wife seeks protection order". BBC News Website. 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  12. Siddique, Owen Bowcottand Haroon (5 March 2020). "Dubai ruler organised kidnapping of his children, UK court rules". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  13. "Re Al M [2019] EWHC 3415 (Fam)" (PDF).
  14. "Dubai's Sheikh Mohammed abducted daughters and threatened wife – UK court". BBC News. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
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