Heads of former ruling families

These individuals may or may not claim titles associated with an abolished monarchy. Individuals who stake claims to monarchical titles but who are not part of former dynasties are not included. Note that a country may have multiple houses with a claim to the defunct position.

Africa

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
Burundi Rosa Paula Iribagiza[af 1] 1 May 1977NtweroDaughter of Mwami Mwambutsa IV (1915–1966).Hereditary1966
 Central African Empire Jean-Bédel Bokassa Jr. 3 November 1996BokassaHeir apparent and son of Emperor Bokassa I (1976–1979).[af 2]Hereditary1979
Egypt Fuad II 18 June 1953[af 3]Muhammad AliLast reigning King (1952–1953).Hereditary1953
Ethiopia Zera Yacob Amha Selassie[af 4] 7 February 1997Solomon[af 5]Grandson of Emperor Haile Selassie (1930–1974).Hereditary [af 6]1975
Girma Yohannes Iyasu[af 7] 1977Grandson of Emperor Iyasu V (1913–1916).[af 8]
Libya Muhammad bin Hasan 18 June 1992SenussiGrandnephew of King Idris I (1916–1969).Hereditary1969
Idris bin Abdullah May 1989Relative of King Idris I (1916–1969).
Rwanda Emmanuel Bushayija (Yuhi VI) 9 January 2017[af 9]Abanyiginya[af 10]Nephew of Mwami Kigeli V Ndahindurwa (1959–1961).Hereditary and Elective[af 11]1961[6]
Tunisia Muhammad Al Husain 17 June 2013Al HusainGrandson of Bey Muhammad VI al-Habib (1922–1929).Hereditary1957
Zanzibar Jamshid bin Abdullah 12 January 1964[af 12]Al Bu Sa'idLast reigning Sultan (1963–1964).Hereditary1964

Americas

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
 Brazil Bertrand 15 July 2022Orléans-Braganza[am 1]Great-great-grandson of Emperor Pedro II (1831–1889).Hereditary1889[7][8][9][10]
[11][12][13]

[14]

Pedro Carlos 27 December 2007
Mexico Maximilian November 1949Iturbide[am 2]Great-great-great-grandson of Emperor Agustín I (1822–1823).Hereditary1867[16]
Carlos Felipe 6 September 2011 Habsburg-Lorraine Great-great-grandnephew of Emperor Maximilian I (1864–1867) [17][18][19]
[20]

Asia

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
Afghanistan Ahmad Shah 23 July 2007BarakzaiHeir apparent and son of King Zahir Shah (1933–1973).[as 1]Hereditary1973
Burma Soe Win 12 January 2019 Konbaung Great-grandson of Thibaw Min (1878-1885) Hereditary 1885 [21][22]
China / Great Qing Jin Yuzhang 10 April 2015Aisin GioroGreat-great-grandson of the Daoguang Emperor (1820–1850) and nephew of the Xuantong Emperor (1908–1912; 1932–1945)Hereditary1912
(Qing dynasty)
1945
(Manchukuo)
[23][24]
Iran / Persia (Pahlavi) Reza 27 July 1980PahlaviHeir apparent and son of Shah Mohammad Rezā (1941–1979).[as 2]Hereditary1979
Iran (Qajar) Mohammad Hassan Mirza II 5 May 1988QajarGreat-grandson of Shah Mohammad Ali (1907–1909).Hereditary1925
 Iraq Ra'ad bin Zeid 18 October 1970Hāshim[as 3]Relative of King Faisal II (1939–1958).[as 4]Hereditary1958
Johor-Singapore Muhammad Shawal 31 October 1996Bendahara-Johor4th-great-grandson of Sultan Hussein Shah (1819–1835).Hereditary1824 [26]
 Korea Yi Won[as 5] 16 July 2005 Yi[as 6] Great-grandson of Emperor Gojong (1897–1907) and grandnephew of Emperor Sunjong (1907–1910). Hereditary 1910 [27][28][29][30]
Yi Seok[as 7] Grandson of Emperor Gojong (1897–1907) and nephew of Emperor Sunjong (1907–1910). [31][32][33][34]
Laos Soulivong Savang 19 September 1997[as 8]Khun LoGrandson of King Sisavang Vatthana (1959–1975).Hereditary1975
Mongolia Steven Jorchen Harold Borjigin Borjigin Direct descendant of Genghis Khan (1206–1227) Hereditary 1368 [35][36]
 Ottoman Empire Harun Osmanoğlu 18 January 2021OsmanGreat-grandson of Sultan Abdul Hamid II (1876–1909).[as 9] Hereditary 1922
Ryūkyū Mamoru Shō 30 August 1996ShōGreat-great-grandson of King Shō Tai (1848–1879).Hereditary1879[38]
 Sarawak Jason Desmond Anthony 27 May 2017BrookeGreat-grandnephew of Rajah Vyner (1917–1946).Hereditary1946[39]
Sulu Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram 16 February 1986KiramSon of the last Sultan of Sulu, Sultan Mohammed Mahakuttah Abdullah Kiram (1974–1986).Hereditary1915 [40]
Syria Ra'ad bin Zeid 18 October 1970HāshimHalf-nephew of King Faisal I (1920).Hereditary1920
Vietnam Bao Ngoc 15 March 2017Nguyen PhucEldest son of Emperor Duy Tân (1907–1916)Hereditary1945[41]
Yemen Ageel bin Muhammad 6 August 1996RassidEldest son of King Muhammad al-Badr (1962), the last ruling king.[as 10]Hereditary1962

India and Pakistan

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
Alwar Jitendra Singh 15 February 2009 Kachhwaha Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Tej Singh Prabhakar Hereditary 1949 [42]
Bahawalpur Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi 14 April 1988 Abbasi Grandson of last ruling Nawab Sadeq Mohammad Khan V Hereditary 1955 [43]
Balasinor Salauddinkhan Babi 25 January 2018 Babi Son of last ruling Nawab Muhammad Salabat Khan Hereditary 1949 [44][45]
Bamra Nitesh Ganga Deb 1997 Grandson of last ruling Raja Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb Hereditary 1948 [46]
Baroda Samarjitsinh Gaekwad 2012 Gaekwad Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad Hereditary 1949 [47]
Bastar Kamal Chandra Bhanj Deo 1996 Bhanj Grand nephew of last ruling Maharaja Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo Hereditary 1948 [48]
Benares Anant Narayan Singh 25 December 2000 Narayan Son of last ruling Maharaja Vibhuti Narayan Singh Hereditary 1948 [49]
Bengal and Murshidabad Abbas Ali Meerza 13 August 2014 Najafi Nephew of Nawab Waris Ali Mirza Hereditary 1884 [50]
Bharatpur Vishvendra Singh July 1995 Sinsiniwar Jat Son of last ruling Maharaja Brijendra Singh Hereditary 1947 [51]
Bhavnagar Vijayrajsinhji Virbhadrasinhji Gohil 26 July 1994 Gohil Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Rao Krishna Kumarsinhji Bhavsinhji Hereditary 1948 [52]
Bhopal Saif Ali Khan 2011 Mirazi Khe Great-grandson of last ruling Nawab Hamidullah Khan Hereditary 1949 [53]
Shahryar Khan 11 May 2002 Grandson of last ruling Nawab Hamidullah Khan [54]
Bikaner Ravi Raj Singh 24 October 2003 Rathore Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Sadul Singh Hereditary 1947 [55]
Bundi Vanshvardhan Singh 2 April 2022 Hada Chauhan Hereditary 1949 [56]
Burdwan Saday Chand Mehtab 1984 Son of last ruling Maharaja Uday Chand Mahtab Hereditary 1947 [57]
Bushahr Vikramaditya Singh 10 July 2021 Son of last ruling Raja Virbhadra Singh Hereditary 1948 [58]
Carnatic Sultanate Muhammed Abdul Ali 4 July 1993 Son of Prince Ghulam Mohammed Abdul Khader of Arcot Hereditary 1855 [59]
Chamba Prem Singh 21 May 1971 Mosana Son of last ruling Raja Lakshman Singh Hereditary 1948 [60][61]
Charkhari Jayant Singh 1977 Bundela Son of last ruling Maharaja Jayendra Singh Hereditary 1947 [62]
Chhatarpur Kunwar Vikram Singh 2006 Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Bhawani Singh Bahadur Hereditary 1950 [63][64]
Chhota Udaipur Jai Pratap Sinhji 2005 Chauhan Son of last ruling Maharawal Virendrasinhji Hereditary 1948 [65]
Chitral Fateh-ul-Mulk Ali Nasir 20 October 2011 Katur Son of last ruling Mehtar Muhammad Saif ul-Mulk Nasir Hereditary 1969 [66]
Danta Mahipendra Singh 1989 Parmar Grandson of last ruling Maharana Bhavanisinhji Hereditary 1948 [67]
Datia Arunaditya Singh Judeo April 2020 Bundela Great-great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Govind Singh Judeo Hereditary 1950 [68][69]
Dewas Senior Vikram Singh Rao II Puar 19 June 2015 Puar Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Krishnajirao III Hereditary 1948 [70]
Dhar Hemendra Singh Rao Pawar 15 January 2015 Pawar Hereditary 1947 [71]
Dhenkanal Kamakhya Prasad Singh Deo August 1965 Son of last ruling Raja Shankar Pratap Singh Dev Hereditary 1948 [72]
Dholpur Hemant Singh 1954 Bamraulia Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Udaybhanu Singh Hereditary 1949 [73]
Dhrangadhra Sodhsalji Mayurdhwajsinhji 1 August 2010 Jhala Son of last ruling Maharaja Meghrajji III Hereditary 1948 [74][75][76]
Dungarpur Mahipal Singh II 1989 Sisodia Son of last ruling Maharawal Laxman Singh Hereditary 1947 [77][78]
Faridkot Amarinder Singh Brar 2017 Brar Grand-nephew of last ruling Maharaja Harinder Singh Brar Hereditary 1948 [79][80]
Gondal Himanshusinhji 31 January 2022 Jadeja Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Thakur Sahib Bhojrajji Bhagwatsimhji Hereditary 1949 [81]
Gwalior Jyotiraditya Scindia 2001 Scindia Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Jivajirao Scindia Hereditary 1948 [82]
Hyderabad Azmat Jah 14 January 2023 Asaf Jah Great-grandson of last Nizam Osman Ali Khan Hereditary 1948 [83]
Indore Usha Devi Holkar 1961 Holkar Daughter of last ruling Maharaja Yashwant Rao Holkar II Hereditary 1948 [84]
Jaipur Padmanabh Singh 2011 Kachwaha Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Man Singh II Hereditary 1948 [85]
Jaisalmer Chaitanya Raj Singh 28 December 2020 Bhati Great-great-grandson of last ruling Maharawal Jawahir Singh Hereditary 1947 [86][87]
Jammu and Kashmir Karan Singh April 1961 Dogra Son of last ruling Maharaja Hari Singh Hereditary 1952 [88]
Janjira Sidi Shah Mahmud Khan 1 April 1972 Sidi Son of last ruling Nawab Sidi Muhammad Khan Hereditary 1948 [89]
Jashpur Ranvijay Singh Judev 4 October 1982 Chauhan Grandson of last ruling Raja Bijay Bushan Singh Judeo Hereditary 1948 [90]
Jhalawar Chandrajit Singh 24 April 2004 Jhala Grandson of last ruling Maharaj Rana Harisch Chandra Singh Hereditary 1949 [91][92]
Jind Satbir Singh 7 September 1959 Phulkian Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Ranbir Singh Hereditary 1948 [93]
Jodhpur Gaj Singh 26 January 1952 Rathore Son of last ruling Maharaja Hanwant Singh Hereditary 1947 [94]
Junagadh Muhammad Jahangir Khanji 30 July 1989 Babi Grandson of last ruling Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan III Hereditary 1948 [95]
Kalahandi Anant Pratap Deo 2 September 2019 Nagvanshis Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Pratap Keshari Deo Hereditary 1948 [96]
Kalat Suleman Daud 1998 Ahmadzai Grandson of last ruler Ahmad of Kalat Hereditary 1948 [97]
Kapurthala Sukhjit Singh 1955 Ahluwalia Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Jagatjit Singh Hereditary 1947 [98]
Karauli Krishan Chandra Pal 1984 Jadon Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Ganesh Pal Hereditary 1949 [99][100]
Keonjhar Dhananjay Bhanj Deo 1 December 2019 Bhanj Grand-nephew of last ruling Raja Balbhadra Narayan Bhanj Deo Hereditary 1948 [101]
Khairpur George Ali Murad Khan 10 November 1954 Talpur Last ruling Mir Hereditary 1955 [102]
Khilchipur Priyavrat Singh 31 July 2006 Chauhan Grandson of last ruling Raja Yashodar Singh Hereditary 1948 [103]
Kishangarh Brajraj Singh 16 February 1971 Rathore Son of last ruling Maharaja Sumar Singh Hereditary 1947 [104]
Kolhapur Shahu II 1983 Bhonsle Son of last ruling Maharaja Shahaji II Hereditary 1949 [105]
Kota Ijyaraj Singh 29 January 2022 Chauhan Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Bhim Singh II Hereditary 1948 [106]
Kutch Hanvantsinhji 28 May 2021 Jadeja Son of last ruling Maharaja Madansinhji Hereditary 1948 [107]
Kutlehar Budhishwar Pal 4 August 2014 Son of last ruling Raja Saheb Shri Mahendra Pal Hereditary 1947 [108]
Las Bela Jam Kamal Khan 3 February 2013 Grandson of last ruling Jam Jam Ghulam Qadir Khan Hereditary 1955 [109]
Loharu Ala-uddin Ahmad Khan II 12 June 1983 Son of last ruling Nawab Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan Hereditary 1947 [110]
Manipur Leishemba Sanajaoba 1996 Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Bodhchandra Singh Hereditary 1949 [111]
Mayurbhanj Praveen Chandra Bhanj Deo 15 September 2000 Bhanj Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Pratap Chandra Bhanj Deo Hereditary 1949 [112]
Mewar Arvind Singh 19 November 1984 Sisodia Grandson of last Maharana Bhupal Singh Hereditary 1948 [113]
Mahendra Singh
Mysore Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar 28 May 2015 Wadiyar Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar Hereditary 1948 [114]
Narsinghgarh Rajyavardhan Singh 24 January 2019 Parmar Son of titular Maharaja Bhanu Prakash Singh Hereditary 1948 [115]
Nawanagar Shatrusalyasinhji 3 February 1966 Jadeja Son of last ruling Maharaja Digvijaysinhji Hereditary 1948 [116][117]
Oudh Sahibzada Shahanshah Mirza 28 January 2022 Awadh Great-Great-Grandson of Wajid Ali Shah Hereditary 1859 [118][119]
Panna Raghavendra Singh Judeo 2009 Bundela Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Yadvendra Singh Judeo Hereditary 1950 [120][121][122]
Pataudi Saif Ali Khan 22 September 2011 Pataudi Grandson of last ruling Nawab Iftikhar Ali Khan Pataudi Hereditary 1948 [123]
Patialia Amarinder Singh June 1974 Phulkian Son of last Maharaja Yadavindra Singh Hereditary 1948 [124]
Patna Kanak Vardhan Singh Deo 2004 Chauhan Grandson of last ruling Maharaja Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo Hereditary 1948 [125]
Phaltan Ramraje Pratapsinh 2004 Naik Nimbalkar Grandson of last ruling Raja Shrimant Sir Malojirao Naik-Nimbalkar Hereditary 1948 [126]
Pratapgarh Jai Singh Sisodia 29 November 2017 Sisodia Grandson of last ruling Maharawat Ram Singh Sisodia Hereditary 1949 [127]
Pudukkottai R. Rajagopala Tondaiman 16 January 1997 Tondaiman Nephew of last ruling Raja Rajagopala Tondaiman Hereditary 1948 [128]
Raghogarh Digvijaya Singh 1967 Son of last ruling Raja Balbhadra Singh Hereditary 1947 [129][130]
Rajkot Mandhatasinhji Jadeja 27 September 2018 Jadeja Grandson of last ruling Thakore Saheb Pradyumansinhji Lakhajirajsinhji Hereditary 1948 [131]
Rajpipla Raghubir Singh 2 February 1963 Gohil Grandson of last ruling Maharana Vijaysinhji Hereditary 1948 [132]
Rampur Muhammad Kazim Ali Khan 5 April 1992 Rohilla Grandson of last ruling Nawab Raza Ali Khan Hereditary 1947 [133]
Rewa Pushparaj Singh 20 November 1995 Baghel Son of last ruling Maharaja Martand Singh Hereditary 1947 [134]
Sailana Vikram Singh 1990 Rathore Grandson of last ruling Raja Dileep Singh Hereditary 1948 [135][136]
Samthar Ranjeet Singh Judeo 1972 Son of last ruling Maharaja Radha Charan Singh Hereditary 1950 [137]
Sikkim Wangchuk Namgyal 29 January 1982NamgyelSon of Chogyal Palden Thondup Namgyal (1963–1975).Hereditary1975[138]
Sirmur Lakshraj Prakash May 2013 Prakash Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Rajendra Prakash Hereditary 1948 [139]
Sirohi Raghuveer Singh 1998 Chauhan Hereditary 1949 [140]
Suket Hari Sen 18 October 1985 Grandson of last ruling Raja Lakshman Sen Hereditary 1948 [141]
Surguja T. S. Singh Deo 2001 Raksel Great-grandson of last ruling Maharaja Ramanuj Saran Singh Deo Hereditary 1948 [142][143]
Swat Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb September 2014 Miangul Grandson of last Wali Miangul Jahan Zeb Hereditary 1969 [144]
Tehri Garhwal Manujendra Shah Sahib Bahadur 7 January 2007 Ponwar Son of last ruling Maharaja Manabendra Shah Hereditary 1949 [145]
Tigiria Bir Pratap Singh Deo 1 December 2015 Son of last ruling Raja Brajraj Mahapatra Hereditary 1948 [146]
Tonk Aftab Ali Khan 4 September 1994 Salarzai Hereditary 1949 [147]
Travancore Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma 16 December 2013 Venad Swaroopam Nephew of last ruling Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma Hereditary 1949 [148]
Tripura Pradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma 28 November 2006 Manikya Son of last ruling Maharaja Kirit Bikram Kishore Deb Barman Hereditary 1949 [149]
Vijayanagara Empire Krishna Devaraya Aravidu 19th generation descendant of last ruling emperor Hereditary 1646 [150][151]
Wankaner Kesridevsinh Jhala 4 April 2021 Jhala Great-grandson of last ruling Maharana Raj Sahib Amarsinhji Banesinhji Hereditary 1947 [152]

Nepal

Nepal's numerous small monarchies were collectively abolished by the federal government on 7 October 2008. At the time, the thrones of both Salyan and Jajarkot had been vacant since the deaths of rajas Gopendra Bahadur and Prakash Bikram respectively (both in 2003), and have remained vacant.

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
Nepal Gyanendra 28 May 2008[as 11]Shah[as 12]Last reigning Maharajdhiraja (2001–2008).Hereditary2008
Bajhang Binod Bahadur 7 October 2008[as 13]Last reigning Raja (1989–2008).Hereditary[as 14][153]

Thailand

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
Chiang Mai Wongsak Na Chiangmai 1989ThipchakGrandson of Kaew Nawarat (1910–1939), the last King of Lanna and Prince Ruler of Chiang MaiHereditary1939[154]

Europe

Source[155]

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
Albania Leka 30 November 2011ZoguGrandson of King Zog I (1928–1939).Hereditary1939 de facto
1944 de jure
 Austria-Hungary (more) Karl 4 July 2011[eu 1]Habsburg-Lorraine[eu 2]Grandson of Emperor and King Charles I & IV (1916–1918).[eu 3]Hereditary1918[156]
 Bulgaria Simeon II 15 September 1946[eu 4]Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry[eu 5]Last reigning Tsar (1943–1946).Hereditary1946
France (Legitimist) Louis Alphonse 30 January 1989Bourbon[eu 6]9th-great-grandson of King Louis XIV (1643–1715).Hereditary1830[157]
France (Orléanist-Unionist) Jean 21 January 2019Orléans[eu 7]4th-great-grandson of King Louis Philippe I (1830–1848).Hereditary1848[158][159]
France (Bonapartist) Charles Napoléon 3 May 1997[eu 8]BonaparteGreat-great-grandnephew of Emperor Napoleon (1804–1814, 1815).Hereditary1870[160][161]
Jean Christophe Great-great-great-grandnephew of Emperor Napoleon (1804–1814, 1815).
Georgia David 16 January 2008 Mukhrani[as 15] 13th-great-grandson of King Constantine II (1478–1505). Hereditary 1801
Nugzar 13 August 1984 Gruzinsky[as 15] Great-great-great-grandson of King George XII (1798–1800).
 Greece Pavlos 10 January 2023Glücksburg[eu 9]Son and heir apparent of King Constantine II (1964–1973).Hereditary1973
Lithuania Inigo 9 February 1991Urach[162]Grandson of King Mindaugas II (1918).Hereditary1918[163]
 Montenegro Nicholas 24 March 1986Petrović-NjegošGreat-grandson of King Nicholas I (1910–1918).Hereditary1918
Portugal Duarte Pio 24 December 1976Braganza[eu 10]Great-grandson of King Miguel I (1828–1834).Hereditary1910
 Romania Margareta[eu 11] 5 December 2017Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[eu 12]Daughter of King Michael I (1927–1930 and 1940–1947).Hereditary1947[164]
Paul-Philippe 27 January 2006 Grandson of King Carol II (1930–1940).
Karl Friedrich 5 December 2017 Great-grandnephew of King Ferdinand I (1914–1927).[eu 13]
Russia Maria Vladimirovna 21 April 1992Romanov[eu 14]Great-great-granddaughter of Emperor Alexander II (1855–1881).[eu 15]Hereditary1917
Karl Emich 1 June 2013Great-great-grandson of Emperor Alexander II (1855–1881).
Alexis Andreevich 28 November 2021 Great-great-great-grandson of Emperor Nicholas I (1825–1855).[eu 15]
 Serbia Alexander 3 November 1970KarađorđevićGreat-grandson of King Peter I of Serbia (1903–1918)Hereditary1918
 YugoslaviaSon and heir apparent of King Peter II of Yugoslavia (1934–1945)1945

Germany

Source[155]

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimAbolitionRef(s)
Empire
 Germany Georg Friedrich 26 September 1994HohenzollernGreat-great-grandson of Kaiser Wilhelm II (1888–1918).Hereditary1918[165][166]
Kingdoms
 Bavaria Franz 8 July 1996WittelsbachGreat-grandson of King Ludwig III (1913–1918).
Also heir to the Jacobite succession.[167]
Hereditary1918
 Hanover Ernst August 9 December 1987Hanover[eu 16]Great-great-grandson of King Georg V (1851–1866).Hereditary1866[168]
 Prussia Georg Friedrich 26 September 1994HohenzollernGreat-great-grandson of King Wilhelm II (1888–1918).Hereditary1918
 Saxony Daniel 29 March 2022Wettin[eu 17]Great-great-grandson of King Frederick Augustus III (1904–1918).Hereditary1918
Alexander 23 July 2012Saxe-GessapheGreat-grandson of King Frederick Augustus III (1904–1918).
 Württemberg Wilhelm 7 June 2022WürttembergRelative of King William II (1891–1918).Hereditary1918
Grand Duchies
 Baden Bernhard 29 December 2022ZähringenGreat-great-great-grandson of Grand Duke Leopold I (1830–1852).Hereditary1918
Hesse and by Rhine Donatus 23 May 2013HesseRelative of Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig (1892–1918).Hereditary1918
Mecklenburg-Strelitz Borwin 26 January 1996Mecklenburg[eu 18]Great-great-great-grandson of Grand Duke Georg (1816–1860).Hereditary1918
Oldenburg Christian 20 September 2014Holstein-Gottorp[eu 19]Great-grandson of Grand Duke Frederick Augustus II (1900–1918).Hereditary1918
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Michael 14 October 1988Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach[eu 5]Grandson of Grand Duke William Ernest (1901–1918).Hereditary1918
Duchies
Anhalt Eduard 9 October 1963AscaniaSon of Duke Joachim Ernst (1918).Hereditary1918
 Brunswick Ernst August 9 December 1987Hanover[eu 16]Grandson of Duke Ernst August (1913–1918).Hereditary1918
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Andreas 23 January 1998Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[eu 5]Grandson of Duke Charles Edward (1900–1918).Hereditary1918[169]
Saxe-Meiningen Konrad 4 October 1984Saxe-Meiningen[eu 5]Great-grandson of Duke Georg II (1866–1914).Hereditary1918
Schleswig-Holstein Christoph 30 September 1980Glücksburg[eu 9]Relative of Duke Frederick VII (1808–1863).Hereditary1866
Principalities
Hohenzollern[eu 20] Karl Friedrich 16 September 2010Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[eu 21]Great-great-grandson of Prince Karl Anton (1848–1849).Hereditary1850[170]
Lippe Stephan 20 August 2015LippeGrandson of Prince Leopold IV (1905–1918).Hereditary1918
Friedrich Wilhelm 15 June 1990Grandnephew of Prince Leopold IV (1905–1918).
Reuss[eu 22] Heinrich XIV 20 June 2012ReussRelative of Prince Heinrich XXVII (1913–1918).[eu 23]Hereditary1918
Schaumburg-Lippe Alexander 28 August 2003LippeGrandnephew of Prince Adolf II (1911–1918).Hereditary1918[171]
Waldeck and Pyrmont Wittekind 30 November 1967WaldeckGrandson of Prince Friedrich (1893–1918).Hereditary1918[172]

Italy

Source[155]

Until the mid-nineteenth century, the Italian peninsula comprised a number of states, some of which were monarchies. During the Italian unification, the monarchs of such agglomerated states lost their sovereignty and their titles became purely ceremonial. The resultant throne of the Kingdom of Italy was held by the former king of Sardinia.

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimSuccessionAbolitionRef(s)
 Italy Aimone 1 June 2021SavoyGreat-great-great-grandson of King Victor Emmanuel II (1861–1878).Hereditary1946[173][174]
Vittorio Emanuele[eu 24] 18 March 1983Heir apparent and son of King Umberto II (1946).
Pre-unification
Modena Lorenzo 7 February 1996Austria-Este[eu 2]Great-grandnephew of Franz Ferdinand, adopted heir of Duke Francis V (1846–1859).Hereditary1859[176]
 Parma Carlos 18 August 2010Bourbon-Parma[eu 7]Great-grandson of Duke Robert I (1854–1859).
Also one of the contested heirs to the Carlist succession.[177]
Hereditary1859[178][179]
Tuscany Sigismondo 18 June 1993Habsburg-LorraineGreat-great-grandson of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV (1859).Hereditary1859[180]
 Two Sicilies Pedro of Calabria 5 October 2015Bourbon-Two Sicilies[eu 25]Great-great-great-grandson of King Ferdinand II (1830–1859).Hereditary1861
Carlo of Castro 20 March 2008Great-great-grandson of King Ferdinand II (1830–1859).

Oceania

StateHeadSinceHouseClaimAbolitionRef(s)
Hawaiʻi Quentin Kawānanakoa 29 July 1997Kawānanakoa[oc 1]Great-grandson of David Kawānanakoa, heir apparent of Queen Liliʻuokalani (1891–1893).1895
Owana Salazar[oc 2] 19 September 1988Laʻanui[oc 3]5th-great-granddaughter of Kalokuokamaile, half-brother of King Kamehameha I (1795–1819).
Tahiti Léopold Pōmare[oc 4] Pōmare Descendant of Queen Pōmare IV (1827–1877). 1880 [185]

See also

Notes

Africa

  1. As the last living sister and daughter of the last and second-to-last kings respectively, Princess Rosa Paula Iribagiza is considered the head of the royal household. According to the relevant laws of succession, however, the crown must pass to a male member of the family.
  2. Jean-Bédel Bokassa was Crown Prince of the Central African Empire from its inception on 4 December 1976 until its abolition on 20 September 1979.
  3. Fuad II previously reigned as King of Egypt and the Sudan during his infancy, from 26 July 1952 until the monarchy's official abolition in 1953. He reigned in absentia, and under a regent.
  4. Designated heir presumptive by his grandfather the Emperor on 14 April 1974. Confirmed as heir apparent by his father Amha Selassie I on 6 April 1988. He has used the title of crown prince since 7 April 1989, when his father was proclaimed emperor-in-exile. He is recognised as heir to the throne by the Imperial Crown Council.
  5. The Solomonic dynasty of Ethiopia claims descent from King Solomon of Israel, who belonged to the House of David. Both of the current claimants are from the House of Shoa, which represents the junior branch of the dynasty.
  6. According to the 1955 Constitution,[1] the Emperor designated his successor from members of his own family, with the rule of primogeniture preferred but not necessarily followed. Candidates for the succession must be descendants of the Solomonic dynasty, in the male or female line. They must also be practising members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, and their candidature must be approved by the Imperial Crown Council. If the Emperor has no direct descendants, or if the crown prince is unable to perform his dynastic duties, the Crown Council selects the successor from amongst the members of the Solomonic dynasty.
  7. Lij Girma claims that all governments in Ethiopia since the 1916 deposition of his grandfather are illegitimate, and as such, as the seniormost descendant of Iyasu V, he claims to be the nation's rightful monarch.
  8. Iyasu V was heir apparent of Menelik II and succeeded as Emperor upon the latter's death, but was never crowned. His reign was terminated with the sanction of the Church following allegations of conversion to Islam.
  9. Emmanuel Bushayija was chosen on 9 January 2017[2] to succeed his paternal uncle Kigeli V Ndahindurwa, who was deposed on 28 January 1961.[3]
  10. The royal Abanyiginya clan of Tutsis.[4]
  11. The mwami is selected from amongst members of the various royal clans by the Abiru, a traditional council of Tutsi and Hutu elders.[5]
  12. Jamshid previously reigned as sultan from 1 July 1963 until the monarchy's abolition in 1964.

Americas

  1. The imperial family of Brazil is descended from the Houses of Bragança and Orléans. The current line of succession is disputed between two branches: the Vassouras branch, headed by Prince Luiz, and the Petrópolis branch, headed by Prince Pedro Carlos.
  2. The current line of succession to the Mexican throne is descended from the House of Iturbide and Habsburg, which respectively ruled the First (1822–1823) and Second (1864–1867) Empires of Mexico. Maximilian I of Habsburg renounced all his incidental Austrian succession rights in April 1864 and later adopted Agustín de Iturbide y Green and Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán, two grandsons of Emperor Agustín I whom he appointed Prince of Iturbide and at the same time heir apparent.[15]

Asia

  1. Ahmad Shah, second son of the last reigning king, was Crown Prince of Afghanistan from 26 November 1942 until the monarchy's end in 1973.
  2. Rezā, eldest son of the last reigning shah, was Crown Prince of Iran from birth, on 31 October 1960, until the monarchy was deposed in 1979.
  3. The name "Hashimites" refers to members of the Hāshim clan, a sept of the Quraysh tribe to which the Prophet Muhammad belonged.[25]
  4. Ra'ad's father, Prince Zeid, was appointed Head of the Royal House of Iraq following the assassination of King Faisal II during the coup d'état in 1958. Zeid was the son of Hussein bin Ali, King of Hejaz.
  5. Yi Ku appointed Yi Won, one of his first cousins once removed, as his heir in 10 July 2005 before his death.[27] The status of Yi Won as the leader of Jeonju Lee Royal Family Association, however, didn't become valid until 22 July 2005.[28] Yi Won later officially became the director of the family association on June 27, 2007.[29]
  6. The House of Yi consists of the descendants of the Joseon dynasty.
  7. Yi Seok claimed that, in the will of late crown princess Yi Bangja, he was named as "first successor".[31]
  8. After the monarchy was abolished in 1975, the senior members of the royal family were imprisoned by the military. The deaths of the former King, Queen, and Crown Prince were confirmed by the Lao authorities on 17 December 1989. The dates of actual death were not released, but the current heir, who is the eldest son of the late Crown Prince, escaped imprisonment and arrived in Thailand on 3 August 1981. He was confirmed as the successor to his grandfather by the Royal Council in Exile on 19 September 1997.
  9. The sultans of the Ottoman Empire also held the title Caliph of Islam, thus claiming to be the spiritual leaders of all Muslims. The Ottoman Caliphate was abolished by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1924.[37]
  10. Many of the kings of the Qasimid dynasty also held the title Imam and Commander of the Faithful, and were the spiritual leaders of the Zaidiyyah branch of Shi'a Islam. The Imamate ended with the republican revolution in 1962.
  11. Gyanendra reigned as King of Nepal between 7 November 1950 and 8 January 1951, and again from 4 June 2001 until the monarchy was abolished in 2008.
  12. Members of the Shah dynasty of Nepal are descended from the Parmar clan of Rajputs from the former state of Narsinghgarh in modern India.
  13. Binod is the eldest son of Princess Shanti Singh of Nepal (one of the ten people who died in the Nepalese royal massacre). Binod is also the Director of Hotel Sherpa.
  14. Succession to the throne, whilst hereditary, is also subject to confirmation from the reigning King of Nepal.
  15. A branch of the House of Bagrationi. During the partition of the kingdom in the 15th Century, the Bagratid dynasty split into two main lineages: the Mukhrani line of Kartli, and the Gruzinsky line of Kakheti. It is between these two lineages that the leadership of the Royal House of Georgia is now disputed.

Europe

  1. On 31 May 1961, Karl's father Otto renounced all claims to the Austrian throne in order to return from exile. He relinquished his position as head of the House of Habsburg to Karl on 1 January 2007.
  2. A branch of the House of Lorraine cognatically descended from the House of Habsburg. The ducal family of Modena, which was historically descended from the House of Este, traditionally uses the name Austria-Este, which has continued to be adopted as a title by the current line.
  3. The Austro-Hungarian monarch held the crowns of Austria and Hungary, and also reigned as King of Bohemia, King of Croatia, and more.
  4. Simeon II reigned as Tsar of Bulgaria from 28 August 1943 until the monarchy was deposed in the Communist revolution of 1946. After returning to the country from exile in 1996, he later served as Prime Minister between 24 July 2001 and 17 August 2005.
  5. A branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, A sept of the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin.
  6. The House of Bourbon is a branch of the Capetian Dynasty.
  7. A branch of the House of Bourbon.
  8. Charles Napoléon is the current head of the House of Bonaparte. His son, Jean Christophe, was posthumously appointed heir to the imperial claim in the will of his grandfather, Louis Napoléon.
  9. Officially the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which is a branch of the House of Oldenburg.
  10. A branch of the House of Aviz.
  11. Margareta's father Michael I reigned as King of Romania between 20 July 1927 and 8 June 1930, and again from 6 September 1940 until the monarchy's abolition during the Communist revolution of 1947. A rival claim to the throne is maintained by the descendants of Carol Lambrino, Michael's elder half-brother from his father's first marriage. Carol Lambrino's eldest son, Paul-Philippe, has maintained his claim to the throne since his father's death on 27 January 2006.
  12. A line of the House of Hohenzollern.
  13. Heir under the 1923 constitution, which stipulates Salic law.
  14. The House of Romanov is a line of the House of Holstein-Gottorp, which itself is a branch of the House of Oldenburg.
  15. Full title: Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, used since 1721, although commonly designated Tsar. The emperors of Russia were also the Grand Dukes of Finland from 1809 until 1917, and the Kings of Poland from 1815 until 1916.
  16. The House of Hanover is a branch of the House of Welf, which itself is a branch of the House of Este.
  17. The kings of Saxony belonged to the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin.
  18. The royal family of Mecklenburg-Strelitz belongs to the Strelitz branch of the House of Mecklenburg.
  19. A branch of the House of Oldenburg.
  20. The principalities of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen were created in 1576 from the partition of the territory of Hohenzollern. When the Hechingen lineage became extinct in 1869, the heirs of the Princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen reclaimed the title Prince of Hohenzollern.
  21. A branch of the House of Hohenzollern.
  22. The territory of Reuss was partitioned between the sons of the reigning prince in 1564, eventually resulting in the principalities of Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line. The elder lineage expired in 1927 through the death of Heinrich XXIV (1902–1918), and inheritance passed to the junior line of Köstritz, whose heirs now claim the title Prince Reuss.
  23. For details on the unusual numbering system of the Reuss-Köstritz lineage, see the main article.
  24. Vittorio Emanuele, only son of King Umberto II, was heir apparent to the throne of Italy from his father's ascension until the monarchy was abolished in 1946. He declared himself King of Italy in 1969, claiming that his father, having agreed to submit to a referendum on his position as head of state, had thereby abdicated his throne. The declaration came after his father called for Amedeo, Duke of Aosta to visit him in Cascais, allegedly to name him his heir.[175] Umberto II died on 18 March 1983.
  25. This branch is known as the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. The right to succession is currently disputed between two branches of the family.

Oceania

  1. The House of Kawānanakoa was a collateral line of succession of the reigning Kalākaua dynasty.[181] The last queen, Liliʻuokalani, not having had any issue of her own, adopted and appointed the head of the Kawānanakoa as heir apparent. The House of Kawānanakoa is historically recognised as providing presumptive heirs to the throne should the monarchy be revived.
  2. Noa Kalokuokamaile DeGuair is a descendant of the House of Kalokuokamaile, which was a collateral line of succession of the Kamehameha dynasty, the first line of Hawaiʻian kings. It became extinct in the male line during the time of the monarchy, and now survives through the female line as the House of Laʻanui.[182] The current descendants also belong to the Wilcox lineage of English and Italian descent. His claim on the throne is disputed.
  3. The House of Laʻanui consists of maternal descendants of the House of Kalokuokamaile,[182] the seniormost branch of the chiefly House of Keōua Nui.[183] It descends from the eldest half-brother of Hawaiʻi's first king, Kamehameha the Great, who united the small chiefdoms of the Hawaiʻian Islands under the Kamehameha dynasty in 1810. When the male heirs of this lineage died out in 1872, it was replaced by the Kalākaua dynasty who ruled till 1893. It claims closer kinship to the kingdom's first dynasty while the Kawānanakoa line claims closer kinship to the kingdom's last dynasty.[184]
  4. Recognised as the rightful heir to the Tahitian throne by a majority of the royal family's current members. He has migrated overseas, however, and currently lives in Paris.[185]

References

  1. Imperial Constitution of Ethiopia (1955): Art. 2–6.
  2. "Africa highlights: Tuesday 10 January 2017 as it happened". BBC News. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017. Ex-Pepsi Cola employee becomes Rwandan king. Posted at 10:22 UTC. A 56-year-old man who lives in the UK and once worked for a soft drinks company in Uganda has been named Rwanda's king-in-exile. Prince Emmanuel Bushayija succeeds his grandfather, King Kigeli V, who died in the US [sic] in October aged 80. In a statement, the Royal House said the new monarch grew up in exile in Uganda, and later worked for Pepsi Cola in the capital, Kampala. 'He then went on to work in the tourism industry in Kenya, before returning to Rwanda between 1994 and 2000. Since then, His Majesty has lived in the United Kingdom, where he is married with two children,' it added.
  3. Leonhard Praeg (2007). The Geometry of Violence. AFRICAN SUN MEDIA. p. 39. ISBN 9781920109752.
  4. "Rwanda: Clan of the dynasty Abanyiginya". Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. 31 October 2002.
  5. Pomeray, J.K. (1988). Rwanda. Chelsea House. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-55546-783-8.
  6. Aimable Twagilimana (2007). Historical Dictionary of Rwanda. Scarecrow Press. p. xxx. ISBN 9780810864269.
  7. Gutiérrez, Bernardo (9 January 2008). "La familia real brasileña defiende los nuevos ideales". Diario Público (in Portuguese). Retrieved 1 June 2010.
  8. "Câmara dá título de cidadão de Brasília a dois herdeiros de Dom Pedro". G1. 30 June 2017.
  9. "Em meio ao caos, a família imperial brasileira sonha em voltar a reinar". Estado de Minas. 6 April 2018.
  10. "Assembleia homenageia herdeiro da família real". Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais. 31 July 2019.
  11. "Danilo Gentili recebe o Príncipe Dom Bertrand no The Noite". Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão. 22 September 2019.
  12. "O que pensam os brasileiros que pedem a volta da monarquia?". Universo Online. 15 November 2019.
  13. "Conheça a árvore genealógica da família imperial, expulsa do Brasil há 130 anos". Folha de S.Paulo. 13 November 2019.
  14. "Herdeiro de Dom Pedro II busca princesa para manter a dinastia". IstoÉ. 14 November 2019.
  15. "Emperador Maximiliano – A Habsburg on the Mexican Throne". researchgate.net.
  16. Charles Mikos de Tarrodhaza; Teodoro Amerlinck y Zirion; David Williamson (1994). The Imperial House of Mexico: The House of Iturbide. Quacks.
  17. "PressReader.com – Your favorite newspapers and magazines". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  18. "Mitos y presuntos herederos a un inexistente torno de México | La Crónica de Hoy - Jalisco". www.cronicajalisco.com. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  19. "Archiduques de Habsburgo regresan a Chapultepec". El Siglo (in European Spanish). 15 July 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  20. SDPnoticias.com. "#YoMaximiliano: La entrevista con Carlos Felipe de Hasburgo". SDPnoticias.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  21. "Myanmar's lost royals". BBC News. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  22. "Who stole Burma's royal ruby?". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  23. Spencer, Richard (30 November 2008). "The Chinese man who would be emperor". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  24. McDonald, Hamish (27 November 2004). "Heir to China's throne celebrates a modest life". The Age. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  25. Business Optimization Consultants B.O.C. "The Hashemites: Introduction". Office of King Hussein I. Government of Jordan, The Royal Hashemite Court. Retrieved 7 December 2010. {{cite web}}: |author= has generic name (help)
  26. Zaccheus, Melody (13 September 2015). "Growing up in a historic monument". The Straits Times. Singapore: Singapore Press Holdings Limited. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  27. "끊어진 조선황실 후계 40대 회사원이 잇는다". The Chosun Ilbo. Archived from the original on 7 June 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  28. "황실 후손 생활 담은 다큐 만들고파". The Chosun Ilbo. Archived from the original on 7 June 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  29. "역대 총재". Jeonju Lee Royal Family Association. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  30. "Jeonju Lee Royal Family Association". Jeonju Lee Royal Family Association. Retrieved 8 July 2020. (English website)
  31. "Coronation of Korea's new empress leads to royal family controversy". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  32. "Korean royalty seeks to restore ancestral pride". The Washington Times. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  33. Thatcher, Jonathan. "Prince hopes to bring monarchy back to S.Korea". Reuters. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  34. Onishi, Norimitsu (19 May 2006). "Forgotten Korean Prince gets Royal Treatment". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  35. Insider, Asia (15 October 2020). "Borjigin International Foundation is being structured under the guidance of Steve Harold Jorchen-Borjigin". Asia Insider. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  36. Shawn, Emilie (12 May 2021). "Prince Steven Borkijin - Demonstrating His Ancestor Genghis Khan's". Vizaca. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  37. Simon, Reeva S; Mattar, Philip; Bulliet, Richard W (1996). Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East. Vol. 1. London: Macmillan Reference USA. p. 437. ISBN 978-0-02-897061-5.
  38. Leavenworth, Charles (1905). The Loochoo Islands. North China Herald Office, Shanghai: General Books. ISBN 978-1-152-20847-6.
  39. Soszynski, Henry. "Sarawak". Genealogical Gleanings. University of Queensland. Archived from the original on 20 February 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  40. Memorandum Order 427, Manila, Philippines: Office of the President of the Philippines, 1974
  41. Vinh, Cao, Nguyễn Phúc tộc thế phả, Hue, Thuan Hoa Publishing House, 1995, p. 327. On the royal clan's genealogical table, only Emperor Bao Dai and his children come after Duy Tan's children. Bao Dai's legitimate male line ended in 2017 with the death of Prince Bao Thang. Duy Tan is designated head of 17th generation of Nguyen Phuc ("17.I"). This suggest that his eldest son is the head of the 18th generation.
  42. Acharya, Sanjiv. "Congress royalty: Rahul's friend Maharaja Jitendra Singh". Current News. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  43. "Salahuddin Abbasi disowns social media post". Dawn. 28 August 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  44. Ghosh, Sohini (1 April 2019). "Babi royal family brings their cuisine to Ahmedabad". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  45. Kumari Rana, Priya (10 September 2021). "The princess and her dinosaurs". Fortune India. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  46. "Nitesh Ganga Deb Joins BJP". Sambad. 16 March 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  47. Nelson, Dean (24 October 2013). "Baroda Maharaja settles £3 billion inheritance feud". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  48. Bagchi, Suvojit (25 April 2013). "A king mulls over two strategies". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  49. Nath, Dipanita (23 October 2020). "Covid brings 200-yr-old Ramlila to halt in Varanasi". The Indian Express. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  50. The Times of India (20 August 2014). "Murshidabad gets a Nawab again, but fight for assets ahead". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  51. Parihar, Rohit (8 June 2021). "Rajasthan's rebel prince". India Today. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  52. "History of Bhavnagar". bhavnagaronline.in. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  53. Dixit, Rakesh (26 May 2015). "How rich is the Nawab?". India Legal Live. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  54. Tanoli, Ishaq (19 January 2022). "Bhopal House ownership dispute pending adjudication for years". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  55. "Middle Ages in EVM India: Bikaner shows the way". The Times of India. 22 April 2004. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  56. "Rajasthan: 34-year-old Vanshvardhan crowned the 26th Maharao Raja of Bundi". The Times of India. 3 April 2022. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  57. Kamal, Neel. "Daughter of Faridkot's last maharaja passes away | Amritsar News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  58. Sharma, Ashwani (10 July 2021). "Bushashr Royalty: Vikramaditya Singh Crowned As 'Raja Sahib' In Private Ceremony". Outlook. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  59. "The House of Arcot". The Hindu. 1 February 2004. Archived from the original on 18 February 2004.
  60. "Congress defends Asha Kumari, hits bak at BJP". The Hindu. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  61. "Ravinandani And Anr vs Raja Prem Singh on 19 May, 2017". Indian Kanoon. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  62. "THE FORGOTTEN PALACE OF CHARKHARI". Life and More. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  63. Roychowdhury, Adrija (27 November 2018). "Raj of the Royals (Part II): How the scions still dominate power in MP". The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  64. "From Digvijaya Singh to Vasundhara Raje: 10 politicians who belong to royal families". InUth.com. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  65. Alikhan, Anvar (28 March 2017). "The mysterious man who owns one solitary share in the unlisted Tata Sons". Scroll.in. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  66. Ahmed, Israr (20 October 2011). "Fateh-ul-Mulk Ali Nasir installed as Mehtar Chitral". The News Tribe. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  67. Singh, Divyajyoti (25 June 2017). "Inborn respect for Lord & his culture". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  68. "पूर्व राजा की अंतिम यात्रा में उड़ी लॉकडाउन की धज्जियां, अंतिम संस्कार मे पुहंचे सैकड़ों लोग-PHOTOS". Asianet News. 16 April 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  69. "दतिया रियासत के राजा रहे राजेंद्र सिंह जूदेव का निधन, इन्होंने निजी कंपनी में की थी नौकरी". Dainik Bhaskar. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  70. Raina, Sahil (30 October 2017). "Vikram Singh Puar: Taking the Dewas legacy forward". Patch. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  71. Hemendra Puar to be new Dhar maharaja | Indore News - Times of India
  72. "History". Dhenkanal Palace. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  73. Parihar, Rohit (13 July 2015). "The Dholpur Palace ownership dispute case against Vasundhara Raje and son Dushyant Singh may be weak but questions about Lalit Modi's investment in the property remain". India Today. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  74. "Indian prince was among the first to give up ruling powers". The Sydney Morning Herald. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  75. "Champion of India's princes and a progressive ruler". The National. 11 September 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  76. Sangghvi, Malavika (9 October 2017). "The great Mumbai melting pot". Mid-Day. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  77. "Devkumari, former member of Bikaner royal family, passes away at 90". ETV Bharat. 22 January 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  78. "Mahipal Singh vs Anurag on 5 March, 2020". indiankanoon. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  79. Dogra, Shailee (13 November 2018). "Fight continues for Faridkot Maharaja's ₹20,000 crore inheritance". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  80. Goyal, Divya (2 June 2020). "Once There Was a King". The Indian Express. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  81. Sen, Gautam (1 February 2022). "The Late Maharaja of Gondal and His One True Love". de Rivaz & Ives. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  82. Arnimesh, Shanker (10 July 2021). "Jyotiraditya Scindia, the 'Maharaja' BJP rewarded with Cabinet berth is ready to fly high". The Print. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  83. "Prince Mukarram Jah Bahadur, Eighth Nizam of Hyderabad, passes away in Turkey". Hindustan Times. 15 January 2023. Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  84. "Bygone grandeur". theweek.in. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  85. "Meet the 20-year-old 'king' of Jaipur, India, a polo star who spends his multimillion-dollar fortune traveling the world and studying in NYC and Rome". Business Insider. 31 December 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  86. "Sonar Fort Witnesses Coronation Of Chaitanya Raj Singh As 44th 'Maharawal' Of Jaisalmer". Business World. 15 January 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  87. Santirso, Jaime (2 March 2021). "El marajá de 27 años que lleva la modernidad a un antiguo reino indio". El País. Retrieved 27 December 2022.
  88. "What Dr Karan Singh, the last yuvraj of Jammu & Kashmir, said on its special status". The Indian Express. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  89. Hawley, John C. (25 June 2008). India in Africa, Africa in India: Indian Ocean Cosmopolitanisms. Indiana University Press. p. 263. ISBN 978-0253219756.
  90. Roychowdhury, Adrija (3 December 2018). "Raj of the Royals (Part I): In Chhattisgarh power still resides in the palaces". The Indian Express. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  91. "About Jhalawar>History". rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  92. "Maharaja Rana Chandrajeet Sing vs State Of Raj And Ors on 8 October, 2018". indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  93. "Counsel clears air on erstwhile royal family". The Tribune. 26 January 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  94. Faleiro, Sonia (21 January 2016). "The Fall and Rise of a Modern Maharaja". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  95. Reddy, B. Muralidhar (12 July 2001). "Nawab wants Musharraf to plead Junagadh's case". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  96. "Kalahandi Maharaja Udit Pratap Deo Passes Away". Ommcom News. 2 September 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  97. McCarthy, James (20 April 2014). "Meet Suleman of Balochistan – the KING who lives in exile in Cardiff". walesonline. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  98. Singh, Nonika (26 December 2018). "The true portrait of a Maharaja". The Tribune. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  99. Shukla, Richa (18 September 2019). "Former royals of Karauli, Vivasvat & Anshika welcome their second child". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  100. Roychowdhury, Adrija (4 December 2018). "Raj of the Royals (III): Rajasthan families that still have finger on power". The Indian Express. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  101. Sharma, Vikash (13 February 2020). "Keonjhar King Donates Acres Of Land To Locals". Odisha TV. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  102. "The boy prince (1947)". Friday Times. 3 March 2017. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017.
  103. Roychowdhury, Adrija (27 November 2018). "Raj of the Royals (Part II): How the scions still dominate power in MP". The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  104. Shah, Vijay (9 October 2020). "A legacy lives on". The Daily Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  105. "250 Years Celebrations Of 1st Maratha Infantry At Aundh Military Station In Pune". gettyimages. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  106. Badnor, Sanjay Singh (25 March 2022). "RAJTILAK AT THE KOTAHGARH". The Daily Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  107. "Hanvantsinhji anointed as head of Kutch royal family". The Indian Express. 14 June 2021. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  108. Prashar, Saurabh (31 July 2014). "Himachal Pradesh princely estate to coronate new king on August 4". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  109. "37th Jam Of Lasbela: Mir Kamal's coronation held". The Express Tribune. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  110. "eighth Nawab" of Loharu Alauddin Ahmed Khan The Tribune, 23 August 2007.
  111. Phanjoubam, Pradip (25 March 2020). "A new twist in the plot in Manipur". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  112. Singh, Akanksha (11 January 2020). "The new face of India's dynastic elites: with brains, beauty and big hearts, the princesses of Mayurbhanj are not your regular royals". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  113. Asnani, Rajesh (2 July 2020). "Udaipur court gives decision in 37-year-old property dispute of Mewar royals". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  114. Qureshi, Imran (28 May 2015). "India's Mysore crowns new maharaja Yaduveer Wadiyar". BBC News. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  115. "Ex-Goa governor Bhanu Prakash Singh dies". The Times of India. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  116. Mahajan, Rohit (10 October 2015). "Kings of the cricketing world". The Tribune. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  117. Pantiar, Prashant (30 June 1992). "Glimpse into the surreal lives of the maharajas". India Today. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  118. "Awadh King's descendants keep legacy alive in Kolkata". Awaz-The Voice. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  119. "Wajid Ali great grandson passes away". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  120. Saxena, Deshdeep (2 May 2015). "Ex maharaja's 'will' intensifies slugfest in Panna". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  121. "Madhya Pradesh Royal Family Member's Reply Sought On Case Against Son". NDTV. 3 September 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  122. Noronha, Rahul (30 July 2021). "Panna: A royal fracas". India Today. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  123. "Saif Ali Khan is now the 10th Nawab of Pataudi". The Times of India. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  124. "Who is Capt Amarinder Singh? Everything you need to know". The Indian Express. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  125. Choudhury, Sugyan (28 November 2017). "Party to decide who'll lead Odisha people post polls". The Pioneer. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  126. "Battle royale over lineage in Maharashtra". The Free Press Journal. 3 June 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  127. Sequeira, Rosy (3 January 2021). "Mumbai: Ailing royal scion's wife seeks to be his guardian". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  128. S. J. Micheal Collins, "Requiem for Tamil Nadu royalty", DT Next, 22 January 2018.
  129. "From Digvijaya Singh to Vasundhara Raje: 10 politicians who belong to royal families". InUth.com. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  130. "About Raghogarh home town of Digvijaya Singh". Digvijaya Singh. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  131. "Coronation Ceremony of H.H Thakore Saheb Mandhatasinhji Jadeja Took Place in Rajkot, View Pics of Traditional Rituals Carried Out in Grandeur". Latestly. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  132. Bhagat, Shalini (1 August 2020). "In India, a Gay Prince's Coming Out Earns Accolades, and Enemies". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  133. Clays, Sush (20 January 2021). "Unraveling The Rich History Of Noor Mahal Palace With Nawab Kazim Ali Khan". Travel + Leisure India. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  134. Gupta, Suchandana (28 September 2018). "Pushparaj Singh, Maharaja of Rewa, returns to Congress". The Times of India. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  135. Muthalaly, Shonali (23 November 2012). "A royal repast". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  136. "The Royal House of Sailana". The Royal House of Sailana. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  137. Raghuvanshi, Umesh (11 February 2012). "Royal challenge on fief turfs". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  138. Pramanik, Probir (23 April 2017). "From monarch to monk: Scion of Sikkim dynasty who became a spiritual recluse". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  139. Mishra, Sudhanshu (15 May 2013). "9-year-old Jaipur prince becomes Maharaja of Sirmaur". India Today. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  140. "Raghuveer Singh: The encyclopedia of history". The Times of India. 27 March 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  141. Brentnall, Mark (1 January 1990). The Princely and Noble Families of the Former Indian Empire: Himachal Pradesh. Indus Publishing Company. p. 105. ISBN 978-8173871634.
  142. Kishore, K N (21 November 2018). "Chhattisgarh: Congress' TS Singhdeo is the richest". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  143. Roychowdhury, Adrija (3 December 2018). "Raj of the Royals (Part I): In Chhattisgarh power still resides in the palaces". The Indian Express. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  144. Hussain, Naveed (28 April 2013). "Swat: The valley of the Wali". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  145. Rai, Dipu (8 April 2019). "Congress a speed bump in BJP's race to win Tehri Garhwal seat". India Today. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  146. "Former King Of Odisha's Tigiria Passes Away". Sambad. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2022.
  147. Khan, Shoeb (4 November 2018). "These are the only Rajasthan royals who stay away from politics". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  148. "Nephew takes over from scion". Deccan Chronicle. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  149. Nath, Sujit (24 September 2019). "'Tripura Congress is Controlled by BJP MLAs': 'Maharaja' Pradyot Manikya Debbarma Resigns from Party". News 18. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  150. "Vijayanagara: The empire remains". 21 August 2010.
  151. "Anegundi's renovated mansion is a relic among the ruins".
  152. "Kesridevsinh Jhala to ascend family throne of erstwhile princely state of Wankaner on March 4". The Indian Express. 28 February 2022. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  153. "Gyanendra is gone but Nepal still pays for 'kings'". The Hindu. 28 June 2008. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2010.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  154. [A picture of Lanna history https://www.bangkokpost.com/life/social-and-lifestyle/485614/a-picture-of-lanna-history]
  155. "2021 ICOC REGISTER" (PDF). International Commission for Orders of Chivalry. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  156. Brook-Shepherd, Gordon (2003). Uncrowned emperor: the life and times of Otto von Habsburg. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 254. ISBN 978-1-85285-439-3.
  157. Sainty, Guy Stair. "The French Legitimist Case". Almanach de la Cour. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  158. "Le Comte de Paris" (in French). Institut de la Maison Royale de France. 2008. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  159. Sainty, Guy Stair. "Genealogy of the Royal House of Orléans". Almanach de la Cour. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  160. "Jean-Christophe, Prínce Napoleón" (in Spanish). Instituto Napoleónico México-Francia. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  161. Lichfield, John (3 December 1997). "Battle rages for the Napoleonic succession". The Independent. Paris: Independent Print Limited. Archived from the original on 9 May 2022. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  162. A branch of the House of Württemberg
  163. Jakilaitis, Edmundas (12 March 2018). "Paskelbtojo karaliaus Mindaugo II anūkas: monarchija Lietuvai būtų pigiau ir naudingiau Skaitykite daugiau". Delfi. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  164. "Biografie" (in Romanian). General Secretariat of His Majesty King Michael I. Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  165. Blankart, Michaela, ed. (2009). "George Frederick The Prince of Prussia". Preussen. Translated by Delaney, Richard. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  166. Velde, François (1998). "The Hohenzollern Succession Dispute". Heraldica. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  167. Justin Huggler. "Could the Duke of Bavaria be the next King of Scotland?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  168. Heinrich, Prinz von Hannover (2002). "Ernst August, Prinz von Hannover, Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg" (in German). MatrixMedia Verlag. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  169. Männl, Anja. "Andreas Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha" (in German). Herzogliche Hauptverwaltung Coburg. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  170. Schloss Sigmaringen. "The Family Tree". Prince of Hohenzollern Group. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  171. Perl, Alexander. "Biografie Fürst Alexander" (in German). Schloss Bückeburg. Archived from the original on 11 February 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  172. Mergel, Wolfgang; Wagener, Ekkehard; Obst, Carsten (2001). "Genealogie: Wittekind, Fürst zu Waldeck-Pyrmont" (in German). Waldecker Münzen. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  173. Sainty, Guy Stair. "Royal House of Italy". Almanach de la Cour. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
  174. Sainty, Guy Stair. "Genealogy of the Royal House of Italy". Almanach de la Cour. Archived from the original on 15 April 2008. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
  175. de Montjouvent, Philippe. Le Comte de Paris et sa Descendance. Editions du Chaney, 1998, Charenton, France. pp. 34–347. French. ISBN 2-913211-00-3.
  176. Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XVI. "Haus Österreich". C.A. Starke Verlag, 2001, pp. 90-92. ISBN 978-3-7980-0824-3.
  177. El primogénito de Carlos Hugo de Borbón – Nuevo pretendiente carlista a la corona de España – website news agency Europa Press (Spanish)
  178. Sainty, Guy Stair. "Genealogy of the Branch of Bourbon-Parma". Almanach de la Cour. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
  179. Agosti, Guido. "La Dinastia". Reale e Ducale Casa di Borbone Parma. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  180. James, John. Almanach de Gotha 2016 Volume I Parts I & II
    Sainty, Guy Stair. "Dinastia Gran Ducale di Toscana" (in Italian). Almanach de la Cour. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
  181. "Draft Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi". (14 January 1893), Art. 22.
  182. Laʻanui, Elizabeth Kekaʻaniau; Downward, Dani and Liam. "Kalokuokamaile's Descendants". The Official website of the Royal Family of Hawaii. Ke Aliʻi Publishing. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
  183. Pratt, Elizabeth Kekaʻaniauokalani Kalaninuiohilaukapu (1920). History of Keoua Kalanikupuapa-i-nui. T.H. Publishing.
  184. Laʻanui, Elizabeth Kekaʻaniau; Downward, Dani and Liam. "Introduction". The Official website of the Royal Family of Hawaii. Ke Aliʻi Publishing. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
  185. "Joinville Pomare s'est fait introniser roi Pomare XI". Tahitienne de Presse (in French). 28 May 2009. Archived from the original on 27 August 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2010.

Further reading

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.