Harun Idris

Harun bin Idris (22 December 1925 – 19 October 2003) was a Malaysian politician and the 8th Menteri Besar of Selangor. Apart from his career in politics, Harun Idris (as he is informally known) was heavily involved in sports particularly organising the Muhammad Ali vs Joe Bugner fight in Kuala Lumpur as well as overseeing Malaysia and Selangor football teams' most successful periods. Harun was the president of the Football Association Selangor from 1961 to 1983 and was the manager of the Malaysian National team in the 1972 Olympics. Harun is widely acknowledged to be responsible for unearthing some of Malaysia’s best talents such as Santokh Singh, Soh Chin Ann and even the late Mokhtar Dahari.[1][2]

Harun Idris
هارون إدريس
8th Menteri Besar of Selangor
In office
19 March 1964  24 March 1976
Preceded byAbu Bakar Baginda
Succeeded byHormat Rafei
5th Youth Chief of
United Malays National Organisation
In office
1971–1976
PresidentTunku Abdul Rahman
Abdul Razak Hussein
Preceded bySenu Abdul Rahman
Succeeded bySyed Jaafar Albar
Personal details
Born
Harun bin Idris

(1925-12-22)22 December 1925
Petaling, Selangor, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died19 October 2003(2003-10-19) (aged 77)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Resting placeJalan Ampang Muslim Cemetery, Kuala Lumpur
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (1964–1987; 2000–2003)
Semangat 46 (S46) (1988–1991)
Other political
affiliations
Barisan Nasional (BN) (1964–1987; 2000–2003)
Gagasan Rakyat (GR) (1990-1996)
Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) (1990–1991)
SpouseSalmah Sulaiman
ProfessionLawyer

Early life

Harun was born in Petaling, Selangor on 21 July 1925. His early schooling was in both malay and english mediums (He attended Victoria Institute in 1936) and in the 1940s he joined the Malayan Peoples’ Anti-Japanese Army against the Japanese occupation of Malaya.[3][4]

He was one of the founders of the Selangor Malays Union, and joined UMNO in 1949

Subsequently he joined the Malay Administrative Service and worked as an assistant district officer in the districts of Gemas and Tampin. The year 1951 saw him serve under Malaysia’s first PM Tunku Abdul Rahman as a magistrate in Kuala Lumpur. Two years later his good work earned him a scholarship to read law in Middle Temple, England. Returning two years later, Dato Harun held the position of the President of the Sessions Court in Taiping. When Malaya gained her independence in 1957, Dato Harun was made a Deputy Public Prosecutor and was later the Acting Registrar of Societies and the Official Assignee of the Federation of Malaya. A year later, he was appointed the State Legal Adviser for Selangor.[5] The call from a career in politics was too strong to resist and in 1964 Dato Harun resigned from said position and was appointed as Menteri Besar of Selangor after being elected the state assemblyman for the constituency of Morib.[3]

Political career

In March 1964, having won the State Assembly seat for Morib, Selangor,[4] Dato Seri Harun was elected to the UMNO Supreme Council and served as Selangor Umno liaison chief from 1964 to 1976. From 1964 to 1976, Dato Seri Harun was appointed the eighth Chief Minister of Selangor,[4] after Datuk Abu Bakar Baginda and he was the longest serving Chief Minister of Selangor, holding office for exactly 12 years, until his resignation in April 1976.

From the early 1970s until 1976, Harun was the Head of UMNO Youth and Supreme Council member. He was then expelled from UMNO and charged with corruption by the government, due to his abuse of state funds.[6] The chief investigating officer on the corruption case (16 counts of corruption) was Ang Chooi Tuan KMN, AMN, the highest ranking Anti-Corruption Agency non-Malay/non-UMNO officer.

Harun's career was marred by the 13 May racial riots, which had been triggered by a political rally held at his residence in the national capital of Kuala Lumpur. Harun, who was perceived as a proponent of ketuanan Melayu (Malay supremacy, although this exact phrase was not in use at the time), had seen UMNO suffer several losses in the Selangor State Assembly during the 1969 general election. As a result, the opposition held a celebration rally in the state, a counter rally was then held with Malays gathering at Idris' house in Kampong Baru, which quickly spiralled out of control. The discipline of those at the rally soon broke down, and the rally turned into a riot which lasted two days and cost at least 180 lives.

Harun's role in the riot is not exactly clear and reports are conflicting. On one hand it is claimed that he was responsible for ordering the counter-rally, and even as far as supplying the Malays who gathered at his house with knives and machetes. Another report states that after meeting in large numbers at Harun's official residence in Jalan Raja Muda near Kampong Bahru, and hearing inflammatory speeches by Harun and other leaders, the Malay mobs prepared themselves by tying ribbon strips on their foreheads and set out to kill Chinese. The first victims of the riots were two Chinese that were in a van opposite Idris' house watching the large gathering.[7]

On the other, some claim that Dato Harun had worked to de-escalate the situation, even saving a number of Chinese people that were being targeted by Malay rioters. One of them was the late Tan Chee Khoon, the then-Leader of the Opposition. In an article written on 24 June 1981 titled 'Datuk Harun and the May 13 Tragedy', Chee Khoon exonerates Harun by arguing that

  1. Dato Harun was too busy organising the formation of the Selangor State Government and as a result could not have organised the counter-rally
  2. According to intelligence sources, various armed groups had infiltrated Kuala Lumpur with malicious intent
  3. Dato Harun had driven a number of Chinese people in this car to the Campbell Road Police Station

Chee Khoon concludes the article by writing "I have related this story not with the idea of reviving an old controversy but to show that Datuk Harun was not out for the blood of chinese in those days of tragedy as claimed in some quarters".[8]

Harun's political career did not stop after stepping down as Chief Minister. Between 1975 and 1977, he was found guilty on various charges of corruption including forging minutes of a meeting for the purpose of cheating the bank by pledging its stocks to the First National City Bank (now Citibank) to get letters of credit for Tinju Dunia Sdn Bhd to stage the Muhammad Ali vs Joe Bugner fight, causing Bank Rakyat to lose RM7.9mil.[9] and was sentenced to six years' imprisonment. In 1981, Harun was released after receiving a pardon from the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on advice of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, after serving three years of his sentence.[10]

He served as Kuala Langat Umno Division Chief for 3 years until 1984. Dato Seri Harun also served as a council member of the Selangor Royal Council from 1994 until his demise. On 15 November 1986 he was called to the Malaysian Bar and thereafter returned to his old profession of law practice and became a senior partner of Harun Idris, Yeoh & Partners actively practising law until his demise.

Harun served as Semangat 46 Supreme Council member and Selangor Chief for a brief period from 1987 to 1990. In the year 2000, Dato Seri Harun rejoined Umno and was a member of the Umno SS7 Sri Dagang Branch, in the Subang Division of Selangor.

Dato Seri Harun died after a short illness on 19 October 2003 at the age of 77 and is survived by his wife Datin Seri Salmah Sulaiman, three sons, three daughters, 18 grandchildren and 22 great-grandchildren.

Election results

Selangor State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1964 N22 Morib, Selangor Harun Idris (UMNO) 4,760 62.77% Abdul Aziz Ishak (SF) 2,823 37.23% 8,205 1,937 80.61%
1969 Harun Idris (UMNO) 5,038 63.29% Mohd. Shahid Arshad (PAS) 2,922 36.71% 9,081 2,116 72.94%
1974 N30 Morib, Selangor Harun Idris (UMNO) 4,045 79.63% Idris Idrus (DAP) 1,035 20.37% 5,307 5,307 78.60%
1990 N38 Morib, Selangor Harun Idris (S46) 3,325 31.47% Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid (UMNO) 7,240 68.53% 11,092 3,915 76.45%
Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1989 P088 Ampang Jaya, Selangor Harun Idris (S46) 19,469 44.80% Ong Tee Keat (MCA) 23,719 54.59% 43,848 4,250 63.97%
Wang Ah Hoong (IND) 109 0.25%
Syed Idrus Syed Ahmad (IND) 49 0.11%
Loh Ah Ha (IND) 43 0.10%
Adam Daim (IND) 42 0.10%
Che Bakar Said (IND) 22 0.05%
1990 P098 Titiwangsa, Kuala Lumpur Harun Idris (S46) 15,108 35.73% Suleiman Mohamed (UMNO) 27,179 64.27% 43,829 12,071 67.45%

Honours

Notes

  1. Jaafar, Sahidan. "Pesan Datuk Harun Idris jadi azimat". Utusan Online. Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  2. "Chin Aun bawa Malaysia ke Olimpik walau elaun RM5". Bharian.com.my. 29 September 2015.
  3. Niza, Raja Ahmad (2016). Dato' Harun: Tunbangnya seorang pejuang melayu. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: BYG Publisher & Distributors. p. 13.
  4. Tan, Chee Khoon & Vasil, Raj (ed., 1984). Without Fear or Favour, p. 55. Eastern Universities Press. ISBN 967-908-051-X.
  5. "Interview with Dato Harun Menteri Besar Selangor 1964-1976".
  6. Tan & Vasil, pp. 58, 59.
  7. "A Reporter's Account of an Interview With Tunku Abdul Rahman on the 13 May Incident". Harakah. 24 September 1999. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  8. "Datuk Harun and the May 13 tragedy". The Star Newspaper (Malaysia). 24 June 1981.
  9. "Several top brass engulfed in scandals in the past".
  10. Cheah, pg 206
  11. "Tengku Ampuan, Dato Bakar di-anugerah". Berita Harian. 10 March 1963. p. 1.
  12. "SPMS 1971". awards.selangor.gov.my.

References

  • Malaysia: The Making of a Nation, Boon Kheng Cheah, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2002, ISBN 981-230-175-5

Bibliography

  • Bruce Gale, Politics and public enterprise in Malaysia, Eastern Universities Press, 1981, ISBN 9971711524
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