Greenwood Publishing Group

Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. (GPG), also known as ABC-Clio/Greenwood (stylized ABC-CLIO/Greenwood), is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-Clio. Established in 1967 as Greenwood Press, Inc. and based in Westport, Connecticut,[1] GPG publishes reference works under its Greenwood Press imprint, and scholarly, professional, and general interest books under its related imprint, Praeger Publishers (/ˈprɡər/). Also part of GPG is Libraries Unlimited, which publishes professional works for librarians and teachers.[2]

Parent companyABC-Clio
FounderHarold Mason
Country of originUnited States
Headquarters locationSanta Barbara, California
Nonfiction topicsReference works; scholarly and general interest; library and teaching materials
ImprintsABC-Clio/Greenwood, Greenwood Press, Greenwood World Publishing, Heinemann USA (1990s to 2008), Libraries Unlimited, Praeger Publishers



The company was founded as Greenwood Press, Inc. in 1967 by Harold Mason, a librarian and antiquarian bookseller, and Harold Schwartz who had a background in trade publishing. Based in Greenwood, New York, the company initially focused on reprinting out-of-print works, particularly titles listed in the American Library Association's first edition of Books for College Libraries (1967), under the Greenwood Press imprint, and out-of-print periodicals published as American Radical Periodicals under the Greenwood Reprint imprint. In 1969 the company was sold to Williamhouse-Regency, a paper and stationery manufacturing company then on the American Stock Exchange, which led to further expanding its reprint activities as well as starting a microform publishing imprint, Greenwood Microforms.[3]

By 1970 a small scholarly monograph program was established and Robert Hagelstein, formerly with the Johnson Reprint Corporation, a division of Academic Press, was hired as Vice President. In 1973, Mason and Schwartz left the company, and Hagelstein was named President, a position he would hold until his retirement at the end of 1999. During those twenty-seven years, the press wound down its reprint activities diverting its focus to new scholarly, reference, and professional books. This large-scale redirection of the company resulted in the publication of more than 10,000 titles during those years.

On August 25, 1976 the company was sold to the Congressional Information Service, Inc (CIS) and in 1979 became part of the Dutch publishing giant, Elsevier, following Elsevier's purchase of CIS. That same year the press initiated its Quorum Books imprint, which published professional titles in business and law.

On January 1, 1986 GPI expanded yet again when it purchased Praeger Publishers, founded by Frederick A. Praeger in 1949,[4] from CBS, Inc.,[5] and in 1989 when it acquired Bergin & Garvey and Auburn House.

At the beginning of 1990, the company's name was changed from Greenwood Press, Inc. to Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. When Elsevier merged with Reed International in 1993, GPG became part of Reed Elsevier, and by the mid-1990s the operational part of GPG joined with Heinemann USA, which had been part of Reed.

When Hagelstein retired at the end of 1999, Wayne Smith was named president. Under Smith, GPG made a number of additional acquisitions including the Ablex and Oryx imprints and Libraries Unlimited, and expanded GPG's on line and CD-ROM products under its Greenwood Electronic Media imprint.


On July 12, 2001, Reed Elsevier completed its acquisition of Harcourt. Harcourt became a wholly owned subsidiary of Reed Elsevier and GPG became part of Harcourt Education.

On December 13, 2007, GPG became part of Houghton Mifflin Company as a result of Houghton's acquisition of Harcourt.[6]

On October 1, 2008, ABC-Clio and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt announced an agreement granting ABC-Clio a perpetual license to use the imprints and publish the titles of Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. (GPG), including Greenwood Press, Praeger Publishers, Praeger Security International, and Libraries Unlimited. In addition, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt would also transfer certain assets, including copyrights, contracts and inventory, of Greenwood Publishing Group to ABC-Clio. This agreement became effective immediately.[7][8] The 88 Post Road West office in Westport, Connecticut was closed as a result, with layoffs scheduled to begin in first week in December 2008.[9] The transfer of GPG to ABC-CLIO occurred during 2009.[10]



Former imprints

  • Praeger Security International (international security studies - founded by Heather Ruland Staines and Adam T. Heath): Became subsidiary of ABC-CLIO.
  • Praeger Publishers (scholarly and general interest): Became subsidiary of ABC-CLIO.
  • Libraries Unlimited (for libraries and teachers): Became subsidiary of ABC-CLIO.

Former subsidiaries

Selected publications

  • The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Folklore
  • The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy


  1. "Company Overview of Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc". Businessweek. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  2. "About us: Greenwood publishing company profile". Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
  3. Smith, Richard Candida (2017). "Chapter 12". Improvised Continent: Pan-Americanism and Cultural Exchange. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 234. ISBN 9780812249422.
  4. Lyons, R. D. (June 5, 1994). "Frederick A. Praeger Dies at 78; Published Books on Communism". The New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
  5. "CBS Agrees to Sell Praeger Publishers Unit". The New York Times. December 18, 1985. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  6. "Houghton Mifflin Company Completes Acquisition of Harcourt Education, Harcourt Trade and Greenwood-Heinemann Divisions from Reed Elsevier, Creating Preeminent K–12 Educational Publisher". Houghton Mifflin. December 13, 2007. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
  7. "Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Grants ABC-CLIO Perpetual License to Publish Greenwood Publishing Group Titles". RedOrbit. October 1, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  8. "ABC-CLIO Takes Over Greenwood". Publishers Weekly. October 6, 2008. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
  9. "Westport's Greenwood Publishing to Close, 150 Jobs Cut". Westport Now. Westport, Connecticut. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  10. "Greenwood-Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | DA Creative Director". Archived from the original on 2017-01-16. Retrieved 2017-01-13.
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