Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester

There are 48 Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester, England. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance; Grade I structures are those considered to be "buildings of exceptional interest".[1] In England, the authority for listing under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990[2] rests with Historic England, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

The metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, divided into ten metropolitan boroughs

The metropolitan county of Greater Manchester is made up of 10 metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan. The Grade I buildings in each borough are listed separately. Manchester, the world's first industrialised city,[3] has 15 of Greater Manchester's 45 Grade I listed buildings, the highest number of any borough. Oldham is the only borough to have no listed buildings with a Grade I rating.[4] The River Irwell forms the boundary between Manchester and Salford, so one listed structure, the railway bridge over the Irwell, has been listed under both Manchester and Salford.

Most of Greater Manchester's listed buildings date from the Victorian and Edwardian periods.[1] According to an Association for Industrial Archaeology publication, Greater Manchester is "one of the classic areas of industrial and urban growth in Britain, the result of a combination of forces that came together in the 18th and 19th centuries: a phenomenal rise in population, the appearance of the specialist industrial town, a transport revolution, and weak local lordship".[5] Much of the region, historically a part of Lancashire, was at the forefront of textile manufacturing from the early 19th century until the early 20th century, and the county includes several former mill towns.[6][7] Greater Manchester has a wealth of industrial heritage, represented by industrial architecture found throughout the county,[7] but most of its Grade I listed buildings have a municipal, ecclesiastic or other cultural heritage.

The oldest Grade I listed structure in Greater Manchester is the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin in Eccles, completed in the 13th century but greatly expanded since then. There are eight listed manor houses, the earliest of which date from the 14th century; Wardley Hall, still in use today as the residence of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Salford, has the preserved skull of St Ambrose Barlow – one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales – on display in a niche at the top of the main staircase.[8] Three buildings are attributed to engineer George Stephenson. One of them, Liverpool Road railway station, is the oldest surviving railway station in the world.[9] The newest Grade I listed building in Greater Manchester is Royd House, built and designed by Edgar Wood in 1916 as his residence.[10] Twenty-two buildings, almost half of the total, were completed in the 19th century.

Bolton

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
10 Firwood Fold Firwood Fold, BoltonHousec. 16th century (probably)23 April 1952SD7321811106
53°35′45″N 2°24′22″W
1388038
10 Firwood Fold
[11]
Smithills Hall Smithills Dean Road, BoltonHouse14th century23 April 1952SD6994611871
53°36′09″N 2°27′20″W
1388279
[12]
Hall i' th' Wood Hall i' th' Wood Lane, BoltonHouse16th century23 April 1952SD6994611871
53°36′09″N 2°27′20″W
1388279
[13]

Bury

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
All Saints' Church Church Lane, WhitefieldChurchCharles Barry182615 August 1966SD8031605987
53°33′01″N 2°17′55″W
1356818
All Saints' Church
[14][15]
Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew Church Green, RadcliffeChurch14th century29 July 1966SD7969107580
53°33′52″N 2°18′29″W
1163125
Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew
[16]
Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin Church Lane, PrestwichChurch15th century30 June 1966SD8110003664
53°31′45″N 2°17′12″W
1067252
[17][18]
Radcliffe Tower Church Street East, RadcliffeFortified manor house140329 July 1966SD7957607508
53°33′50″N 2°18′35″W
1309271
[19]

Manchester

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
Albert Memorial Albert Square, City centreMemorialThomas Worthington1862–6518 December 1963SJ8382298116
53°28′46″N 2°14′43″W
1197820
[20]
Baguley Hall Hall Lane, BaguleyHouse14th century (probably)25 February 1952SJ8162088736
53°23′42″N 2°16′40″W
1291962
[21]
Chetham's Hospital and attached wall Long Millgate, City centre1422 (established)25 February 1952SJ8390198895
53°29′11″N 2°14′39″W
1283015
[22][23]
Church of the Holy Name of Jesus Oxford Road, Chorlton-on-MedlockChurchJoseph Hansom1867–71 by Hansom; completed 1928 by A. G. Scott18 December 1963SJ8475796438
53°27′52″N 2°13′52″W
1271296
[24]
St. Ann's Church St Ann's Square, City centreChurchChristopher Wren (by tradition)171225 February 1952SJ8378498354
53°28′54″N 2°14′45″W
1247612
[25]
Edgar Wood Centre Daisy Bank Road, RusholmeChristian Science churchEdgar Wood190318 December 1963SJ8572995702
53°27′28″N 2°12′59″W
1197770
[26]
Former Bank of England King Street, Deansgate, City centreBankCharles Robert Cockerell184625 February 1952SJ8390798254
53°28′51″N 2°14′38″W
1291596
[27][28][29]
Heaton Hall Heaton Park, North ManchesterCountry houseJames Wyatt178925 February 1952SD8331904422
53°32′10″N 2°15′11″W
1200809
[30]
John Rylands Library Deansgate, City centreLibraryBasil Champneys189925 January 1952SJ8356898213
53°28′49″N 2°14′57″W
1217800
[31]
Liverpool Road railway station Liverpool Road, City centreRailway stationGeorge Stephenson183018 December 1963SJ8289197915
53°28′40″N 2°15′33″W
1291477
[32]
Manchester Art Gallery Mosley Street, City centreArt galleryCharles Barry183525 February 1952SJ8406198025
53°28′43″N 2°14′30″W
1282980
[33]
Manchester Cathedral Fennel Street, City centreCathedralMostly c.1422-152025 January 1952SJ8388198750
53°29′07″N 2°14′40″W
1218041
[34]
Manchester Town Hall Albert Square, City centreTown hallAlfred Waterhouse187725 February 1952SJ8386798089
53°28′45″N 2°14′40″W
1207469
[35]
1830 warehouse, Liverpool Road railway station Liverpool Road, City centreWarehouseThomas Haighc. 18308 May 1973SJ8299097886
53°28′39″N 2°15′28″W
1282991
1830 warehouse, Liverpool Road railway station
[36]
River Irwell Railway Bridge[37] Water Street, City centreBridgeGeorge Stephenson183020 June 1988SJ8289197915
53°28′40″N 2°15′33″W[37]
1270603
[38]

Rochdale

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
Church of St Edmund Edmund Street, RochdaleChurchJames Medland and Henry Taylor187312 February 1985SD8913213832
53°37′15″N 2°09′57″W
1084273
Church of St Edmund
[39]
Church of St Leonard New Lane, MiddletonChurch1524[40]15 March 1957SD8720806307
53°33′12″N 2°11′40″W
1162332
Church of St Leonard
[41][42]
Church of St Mary-in-the-Baum St Mary’s Gate, RochdaleChurchNinian Comper19113 December 1975SD813965
53°49′01″N 2°09′31″W
1025294
Church of St Mary-in-the-Baum
[43]
Rochdale Town Hall The Esplanade, RochdaleTown hallAlfred Waterhouse187125 October 1951SD8958413253
53°36′57″N 2°09′32″W
1084275
[44][45]
Rochdale Cenotaph The Esplanade, RochdaleMemorialEdwin Lutyens192212 February 1985 (upgraded 28 October 2015)SD8953013314 1084274
[46][47]

Salford

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
St Augustine's Church Bolton Road, PendleburyChurchGeorge Frederick Bodley187430 March 1966SD7871901606
53°30′39″N 2°19′21″W
1067508
[48]
Ordsall Hall Taylorson Street, OrdsallHouse16th century31 January 1952SJ8167196987
53°28′09″N 2°16′39″W
1386169
[49]
St Mary the Virgin Church Church Street, EcclesChurch13th century24 February 1964SJ7789498669
53°29′03″N 2°20′05″W
1067498
[48][50]
River Irwell Railway Bridge[37] Water Street, SalfordBridgeGeorge Stephenson183020 February 2007SJ8282897950
53°28′41″N 2°15′37″W[37]
1391927
[38]
St Mark's Church Worsley Brow, WorsleyChurchGeorge Gilbert Scott184629 July 1966SD7456600695
53°30′08″N 2°23′06″W
1227895
[48][51][52]
Wardley Hall Wardley Hall Road, WardleyHousec. 150029 July 1966SD7456600695
53°30′08″N 2°23′06″W
1215022
[53]

Stockport

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
Bramall Hall BramhallHouse14th century9 August 1966SJ8901386363
53°22′26″N 2°10′00″W
1260476
[54]
St. Elisabeth's Church Leamington Road, ReddishChurchAlfred Waterhouse188330 October 1973SJ8924993476
53°26′17″N 2°09′48″W
1356851
[55][56]
Church of St George Buxton Road, HeavileyChurchHubert Austin and Edward Graham Paley189710 March 1975 1067194
Church of St George
[57][58][59]
Marple Aqueduct AqueductBenjamin Outram and Thomas Brown1794–180129 March 1966SJ9552190052
53°24′26″N 2°04′08″W
1242267
Marple Aqueduct
Church of St Thomas St Thomas' Place, StockportChurchGeorge Basevi189714 May 1952SJ8979089648
53°24′13″N 2°09′18″W
1067160
[60][61][62]
St Mary's Parish Church Churchgate, StockportChurchLewis Wyatt181714 May 1952SJ8977890502
53°24′40″N 2°09′19″W
1309701
[63]
St Mary's Church High Street, CheadleChurch24 March 1950SJ8563588616
53°23′39″N 2°13′03″W
1241643
[64][65]

Tameside

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
St Anne' Church St Anne's Road, DentonChurchJ. Medland Taylor188120 July 1977SJ9337895584
53°27′25″N 2°06′04″W
1309251
St Anne' Church
[66][67]
St Michael and All Angels' Church Stamford Street, Ashton-under-LyneChurch15th century12 January 1967SJ9414098997
53°29′16″N 2°05′23″W
1162800
St Michael and All Angels' Church
[68]

Trafford

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
All Saints' Church Redclyffe Road, UrmstonChurchE. W. Pugin1867–689 May 1978SJ7666897467
53°28′24″N 2°21′11″W
1067879
[69]
Dunham Hall Dunham MasseyHouse1732–405 March 1959SJ7348887422
53°22′59″N 2°24′00″W
1356512
[70]
Dunham Massey carriage house Dunham MasseyCarriage house17215 March 1959SJ7344487349
53°22′56″N 2°24′03″W
1067942
[71]
Dunham Massey stables (south of hall) Dunham MasseyStables172112 July 1985SJ7346287303
53°22′55″N 2°24′02″W
1356495
[72]
St. Werburgh's Church Wigsey Lane, WarburtonChurchc. 14th century5 March 1959SJ6969489576
53°24′08″N 2°27′26″W
1067865
[73]
Royd House 224 Hale Road, HaleHouseEdgar Wood191613 October 1975SJ7834886681
53°22′36″N 2°19′37″W
1067922
Royd House
[10]

Wigan

Name Location TypeArchitect Completed [note 1]Date designated Grid ref.[note 2]
Geo-coordinates
Entry number [note 3]ImageRef.
St. Wilfrid's Church Market Place, StandishChurchL. Shipway (probably)15849 August 1966SD5631810265
53°35′14″N 2°39′41″W
1287160
[74]

See also

Notes

  1. The date given is the date used by Historic England as significant for the initial building or that of an important part in the structure's description.
  2. Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
  3. The "List Entry Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building and scheduled monument by Historic England.

References

Citations

  1. "What is a listed building?". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 8 December 2007.
  2. "Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (c. 9)". Ministry of Justice. Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  3. Kidd, Alan (2006). 'Manchester: A History'. Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 1-85936-128-5. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007.
  4. "Statistics by County". Images of England. Archived from the original on 26 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  5. McNeil & Nevell (2000), p. 2.
  6. Cowhig, W. T. (1976). It Happened Round Greater Manchester; Textiles. Greater Manchester Council.
  7. McNeil & Nevell (2000), pp. 2–3.
  8. Historic England. "Wardley Hall (1215022)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  9. "About us". Science and Industry Museum.
  10. Historic England. "Royd House (1067922)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  11. Historic England. "10, Firwood Fold (1388038)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  12. Historic England. "Smithills Hall (1388279)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  13. Historic England. "Hall i th Wood (1388052)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  14. Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1356818)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  15. Barnet, Stewart. "The Parish Church of All Saints' Stand, Whitefield". allsaintsmanchester.org. Archived from the original on 12 September 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
  16. Historic England. "Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew (1163125)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  17. "Church of St Mary". bury.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2007.
  18. Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1067252)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  19. Historic England. "Radcliffe Tower (1309271)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  20. Historic England. "Albert Memorial (1197820)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  21. Historic England. "Baguley Hall (1291962)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  22. Canniffe (1998), p. 77.
  23. "History of Cathedral conservation area". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
    "Chetham's Hospital School". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
    "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (L)". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
    "Chetham's Library, Manchester". Bridgeman Art Library. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
    Historic England. "Chetham's Hospital and Attached Wall (1283015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  24. Historic England. "Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Name of Jesus (1271296)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  25. Historic England. "Church of St Ann (1247612)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  26. Historic England. "The Edgar Wood Centre (1197770)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  27. Canniffe (1998), pp. 6, 35.
  28. "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (K)". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  29. Historic England. "Former Bank of England (1282404)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  30. Historic England. "Heaton Hall (1200809)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  31. Historic England. "John Rylands Library and Attached Railings, Gate and Lamp Standards (1217800)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  32. Historic England. "Former Liverpool Road Railway Station Masters House (1291477)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  33. Historic England. "City Art Gallery (1282980)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  34. Historic England. "Cathedral Church of St Mary (1218041)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  35. Historic England. "Town Hall (1207469)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  36. Historic England. "Old Warehouse to North of Former Liverpool Road Railway Station (1282991)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  37. The River Irwell is the boundary between Manchester and Salford, so one end of this bridge is in Manchester, the other is in Salford. Historic England. "Railway bridge over the River Irwell (1270603)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  38. Historic England. "Railway bridge Over River Irwell to Former Liverpool Road Station (1270603)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  39. "Church of Saint Edmund and Associated Boundary Wall, Railings and Gates". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 17 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  40. The church has parts dating from 1120 and 1412, but substantially from 1524. The wooden steeple, built in 1667 on top of the stone tower, is believed to be one of three remaining in the country. "Church of St Leonard". vmims.com. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  41. "Church of St Leonard". vmims.com. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  42. Historic England. "Church of St Leonard (1162332)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  43. Historic England. "Church of St Mary-in-the-Baum (Grade I) (1025294)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  44. Cunningham, Colin (1981). Victorian and Edwardian Town Halls. Routledge. ISBN 9780710007230.
  45. Historic England. "Town Hall (1084275)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  46. "National Collection of Lutyens' War Memorials Listed". Historic England. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  47. Historic England. "Rochdale Cenotaph (1084274)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  48. "Index to the List of Buildings, Structures and Features of Architectural, Archaeological or Historic Interest in Salford". Salford City Council. Archived from the original on 4 October 2008. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  49. Historic England. "Ordsall Hall (1386169)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  50. Historic England. "St Mary's Church (1067498)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  51. "St Mark's Church, Worsley". GENUKI.org.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  52. Hyde, O'Rourke & Portland (2004), p. 77.
  53. Historic England. "Wardley Hall (1215022)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  54. Historic England. "Bramall Hall (1260476)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  55. Pevsner, Nikolaus (1969). The Buildings of England: South Lancashire. Penguin Books. pp. 371–72. ISBN 0-14-071036-1.
  56. Historic England. "Church of St Elisabeth (1356851)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  57. Historic England. "Church of St George, Stockport (1067194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  58. Hartwell et al. (2011), p. 609.
  59. Historic England. "Church of St George (1067194)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  60. "Statutory Listing - St Thomas' Church St Thomas' Place". Stockport Historic Environment Database. Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
  61. Historic England. "Church of St Thomas (1067160)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 December 2007.
  62. Arrowsmith, Peter (1997). Stockport: a history. Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council. ISBN 0-905164-99-7.
  63. Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1309701)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  64. Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Cheadle (1241643)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  65. Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hubbard, Edward (2003) [1971]. The Buildings of England: Cheshire. Yale University Press. p. 127. ISBN 0-300-09588-0.
  66. Historic England. "Church of St Anne (1309251)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  67. "Church of St Anne". Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  68. Historic England. "Church of St Michael and All Angels (1162800)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  69. Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1067879)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  70. Historic England. "Dunham Hall (1356512)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  71. Historic England. "Carriage House Immediately to South of Kitchen Courtyard (1067942)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  72. Historic England. "Stables to South of Hall (1356495)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  73. Historic England. "Old Church of St Werburg (1067865)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  74. Historic England. "Church of St Wilfrid (1287160)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.

Sources

  • Canniffe, Eamonn (1998). Manchester Architecture Guide. University of Manchester. ISBN 1-900756-06-4.
  • Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2004). Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East. The Buildings of England. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10583-5.
  • Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971]. Cheshire. The Buildings of England. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6.
  • Hyde, M.; O'Rourke, A; Portland, P. (2004). Around the M60: Manchester's Orbital Motorway. AMCD (Publishers). ISBN 1-897762-30-5.
  • Kidd, Alan (2006). Manchester: A History. Carnegie Publishing. ISBN 1-85936-128-5. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007.
  • McNeil, Robina; Nevell, Michael (2000). A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of Greater Manchester. Association for Industrial Archaeology. ISBN 0-9528930-3-7.
  • Wyke, Terry (2005). Public Sculpture of Greater Manchester. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-567-8.

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.