Governorate of New Toledo

The Governorate of New Toledo[1] was a Spanish Governorate of the Crown of Castile formed from the previous southern half of the Inca Empire, stretching south into present day central Chile, and east into present day central Brazil.

Governorate of New Toledo
Gobernación de Nueva Toledo
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile and New Toledo made in 1535
StatusGovernorate of the Crown of Castile
CapitalCuzco (Claimed by Diego de Almagro)
Official languagesSpanish
Charles I
Diego de Almagro
Historical eraSpanish Empire
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Inca Empire
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
Viceroyalty of Peru

It was established by King Charles I of Spain in 1528. Diego de Almagro was the appointed Spanish royal governor.

It was replaced by the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru in 1542.

Governorates in Hispanic America

After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian Hispanic administration was divided into six entities:

  • Province of Tierra Firme, included the Caribbean Coast, Central America, the Pacific Coast of Colombia and Mexico.
  • Governorate of New Castile, consisting of the territories from roughly the Ecuadorian-Colombian border in the north to Cuzco in the south.
  • Governorate of New Toledo, forming the previous southern half of the Inca empire, stretching towards central Chile.
  • Governorate of New Andalusia, which was not formally conquered by Spain until decades later.
  • Governorate of New León, the southernmost part of the continent until the Strait of Magellan.
  • Governorate of Terra Australis, territories from the south of the Strait of Magellan to the South Pole.

This territorial division set the basis for the Hispanic administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.

See also


  1. Eyzaguirre, Jaime (1967). Breve historia de las fronteras de Chile. Editorial Universitaria.

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