Governorate of New Castile

The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla, pronounced [ɡoβeɾnaˈθjon de ˈnweβa kasˈtiʎa])[1] was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1529 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

Governorate of New Castile
Gobernación de Nueva Castilla
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
StatusGovernorate of the Crown of Castile
CapitalJauja 1533–1535
Lima after 1535
Common languagesOfficial: Spanish; common: Quechua, Kichwa, Aymara, Puquina.
Charles I
Francisco Pizarro
Cristóbal Vaca de Castro
Gonzalo Pizarro
(Self-proclaimed; unrecognized by Spanish court until death)
Historical eraSpanish empire
 Fall of Cuzco
 Appointment of Francisco Pizarro as Viceroy of Peru
CurrencySpanish dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Inca Empire
Huanca people
Chachapoya culture
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
Viceroyalty of Peru

The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was, after the foundation of Lima in 1535, divided. The conquest of the Inca empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile.

Governorates in Hispanic America

After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian Hispanic administration was divided into six entities:

  • Province of Tierra Firme, included the Caribbean Coast, Central America, the Pacific Coast of Colombia and Mexico.
  • Governorate of New Castile, consisting of the territories from roughly the Ecuadorian-Colombian border in the north to Cuzco in the south.
  • Governorate of New Toledo, forming the previous southern half of the Inca empire, stretching towards central Chile.
  • Governorate of New Andalusia, which was not formally conquered by Spain until decades later.
  • Governorate of New León, the southernmost part of the continent until the Strait of Magellan.
  • Governorate of Terra Australis, territories from the south of the Strait of Magellan to the South Pole.

This territorial division set the basis for the Hispanic administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.

See also


  1. Eyzaguirre, Jaime (1967). Breve historia de las fronteras de Chile. Editorial Universitaria.

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