Gombak District

The Gombak District is an administrative district located in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. The district was created on February 1, 1974, the same day when Kuala Lumpur was declared a Federal Territory. Until 1997, Rawang was the district capital; the capital has been moved to Bandar Baru Selayang. Gombak borders Kuala Lumpur to the southeast and the Genting Highlands to the east. Both Gombak and Kuala Lumpur, along with some other districts in Selangor, are situated within the Klang Valley. Other localities that are situated in Gombak district include Batu Arang, Kuang, Rawang, Kundang, Gombak Town, Selayang, Batu Caves and Hulu Kelang.

Gombak District
Daerah Gombak
Other transcription(s)
  Jawiڬومبق
  Chinese鹅唛县 (Simplified)
鵝嘜縣 (Traditional)
  Tamilகோம்பாக் மாவட்டம்
Location of Gombak District in Selangor Darul Ehsan
Gombak District
Location of Gombak District in Malaysia
Coordinates: 3°16′27.3″N 101°34′14.6″E
Country Malaysia
State Selangor
SeatBandar Baru Selayang
Local area government(s)Selayang Municipal Council
(West)
Ampang Jaya Municipal Council
(East)
Government
  District officerAmirul Azizan Abdul Rahim[1]
  Sultan's RepresentativeWan Mahmood Pawanteh[2]
Area
  Total650.08 km2 (251.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[4]
  Total942,336
  Density1,400/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+8 (Not observed)
Postcode
48xxx, 52xxx-54xxx, 68xxx
Calling code+6-03-41, +6-03-60, +6-03-61, +6-3-62
Vehicle registration platesB

The International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM/UIAM) main campus is also located here as well as the Batu Caves. Gombak is also home to an aboriginal Orang Asli settlement, and it is the site of the Orang Asli Museum.

Gombak River merges with the larger Klang River in Kuala Lumpur. The meeting place of the two rivers is the birthplace of Kuala Lumpur. At the center of the confluence is the Masjid Jamek.

Gombak (town) also refers to as a locality (town/area/suburb) in the northern and central portion of the Setapak subdistrict (both in Gombak and Kuala Lumpur). Before 1974, Gombak was a town before it became a district. Gombak was home to the settlements of the first Minangkabau immigrants in the 1800s and was established soon after. Old mosques in the Gombak area such as the Masjid Lama Batu 6 Gombak are still standing to this day. Today, Gombak can be referred to both the town and district itself but the locals usually refers Gombak as the town, not the district.

Administrative divisions

Gombak District is divided into 4 mukims, which are:

Government

Gombak is partly administrated by two different local governments completely within it, which fall under the state jurisdiction, not the district:

  • Ampang Jaya Municipal Council (Among Mukim Ulu Kelang of the district)
  • Selayang Municipal Council (Most part of district except Mukim Ulu Kelang area)

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991 352,649    
2000 537,525+52.4%
2010 668,694+24.4%
2020 942,336+40.9%
Source: [5]

The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.[4]

Ethnic groups in Gombak , 2010 census
EthnicityPopulationPercentage
Bumiputera396,01262.9%
Chinese147,48823.4%
Indian76,77312.2%
Others9,6981.5%
Total629,971100%

Gombak has one of the largest Hui Muslim Communities in Malaysia. Nearly 60% of Hui Chinese live in Gombak.[6]

Education

National education is under the purview of the Gombak District Education Office. As of 2014, there were 53 national type primary schools, eight national type (Chinese) primary schools, seven national type (Tamil) primary schools, 30 national type secondary schools (SMK), two national type secondary boarding schools (SM Berasrama Penuh), two national type secondary Islam religious school (SM Agama) and two national type secondary vocational schools (Kolej Vokasional)

Tourist attractions

Statue of Murugan at Batu Caves

Gombak has a large amount of recreational area and tourist attraction.

  1. Batu Caves
  2. Forest Research Institute Malaysia
  3. Batu Dam, Batu Caves
  4. Gua Damai Extreme Park, Batu Caves
  5. Batu Arang Heritage Town
  6. Orang Asli Museum, Gombak
  7. Hutan Lipur Bukit Lagong, Selayang
  8. Hutan Lipur Sungai Tua, Selayang
  9. Kancing Forest Park, Rawang
  10. Selayang Hot Spring, Selayang
  11. Commonwealth Forest Park, Rawang
  12. Templer Park, Rawang
  13. Tasik Biru Kundang, Kundang
  14. National Zoo of Malaysia
  15. Klang Gates Dam
  16. Batu Asah Waterfall, Hulu Kelang
  17. Ampang Forest Reserve, Hulu Kelang
  18. Selangor Fruit Valley, Batu Arang

Federal Parliament and State Assembly Seats


List of Gombak district representatives in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)

ParliamentSeat NameMember of ParliamentParty
P97 SelayangWilliam Leong Jee KeenPakatan Harapan (PKR)
P98 GombakAmirudin ShariPakatan Harapan (PKR)
P99 AmpangRodziah IsmailPakatan Harapan (PKR)
P106 DamansaraGobind Singh DeoPakatan Harapan (DAP)
P107 Sungai BulohRamanan RamakrishnanPakatan Harapan (PKR)


List of Gombak district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly (Dewan Undangan Negeri)

ParliamentStateSeat NameState AssemblymanParty
P97 N13KuangSallehudin AmiruddinPejuang
P97 N14RawangChua Wei KiatPakatan Harapan (PKR)
P97 N15Taman TemplerMohd Sany HamzanPakatan Harapan (AMANAH)
P98 N16Sungai TuaAmirudin ShariPakatan Harapan (PKR)
P98 N17Gombak SetiaHilman IdhamPerikatan Nasional (BERSATU)
P98 N18Hulu KelangSaari SungibPakatan Harapan (AMANAH)
P99 N19Bukit AntarabangsaMohamed Azmin AliPerikatan Nasional (BERSATU)
P99 N20Lembah JayaHaniza Mohamed TalhaParti Bangsa Malaysia (PBM)
P106 N37Bukit LanjanElizabeth Wong Keat PingPakatan Harapan (PKR)
P107 N38Paya JarasMohd. Khairuddin OthmanPakatan Harapan (PKR)

Transportation

By rail

By car

  • Federal Route 1 is the main thoroughfare going through Rawang town, Selayang and Batu Caves.
  • Federal Route 68 Old Gombak–Bentong road also runs through here before terminating in Bentong, Pahang.
  • PLUS Expressway also runs through Gombak district, providing exits to 114 Sungai Buloh North, 115 Rawang South and 116 Rawang.
  • East Coast Expressway is the district's main gateway to the east coast states of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan, as the Gombak Toll Plaza.
  • Kuala Lumpur–Kuala Selangor Expressway connects Ijok near Kuala Selangor to Templer's Park near Rawang with exits to 2505 Kundang, 2506 Kuang and 2508 Templer Park are runs through Gombak district.
  • Guthrie Corridor Expressway also runs through Gombak district, providing exits to 115 Rawang South and 3501 Kuang, which is the beginning of the Guthrie Corridor Expressway.

See also

References

  1. "Portal Rasmi PDT Gombak Perutusan Pegawai Daerah Gombak". www2.selangor.gov.my.
  2. "Portal Rasmi PDT Gombak Orang Besar Daerah Gombak". www2.selangor.gov.my.
  3. "Portal Rasmi PDT Gombak Profil Gombak". www2.selangor.gov.my.
  4. "Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristics, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  5. "Key Findings Population and Housing Census of Malaysia, 2020" (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
  6. Hailong, Ma (2017). The History of Chinese Muslims’ Migration into Malaysia (PDF). King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies. p. 27.
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