Gaster (insect anatomy)

The gaster is the bulbous posterior portion of the metasoma found in hymenopterans of the suborder Apocrita (bees, wasps and ants). This begins with abdominal segment III on most ants, but some make a constricted postpetiole out of segment III, in which case the gaster begins with abdominal segment IV.[1][2]

In the worker ant the metasoma is divided into the narrow petiole and bulbous gaster. The abdomen technically includes the metasoma and the propodeum which is fused to the thorax.

Certain ants in the genus Cataglyphis, specifically Cataglyphis bicolor and Cataglyphis fortis, have a cubiform petiole that allows them to decrease their inertia (and therefore increase their speed) by raising their gaster into an upright position.[3]

References

  1. "Ant Information". Insected.arizona.edu. Archived from the original on 2014-10-07. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
  2. "Notes from Underground-members". Desertants.org. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
  3. McMeeking, Robert M .; Arzt, Eduard; Wehner, Rüdiger (July 2011). "Cataglyphis desert ants improve their mobility by raising the gaster". Journal of Theoretical Biology. 297: 17–25. doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.12.003. PMID 22178639.


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