Federation of the Emirates of the South

The Federation of the Emirates of the South (Arabic: اتحاد إمارات الجنوب العربي Ittiḥād ʾImārāt al-Janūb al-ʿArabiyy) was an organization of states within the British Aden Protectorate in what would become South Yemen. The Federation of six states was inaugurated in the British Colony of Aden on 11 February 1959, and the Federation and Britain signed a “Treaty of Friendship and Protection,” which detailed plans for British financial and military assistance.[1] It subsequently added nine states and, on 4 April 1962, became known as the Federation of South Arabia. This was joined by the Aden Colony on 18 January 1963.

Federation of the Emirates of the South
اتحاد إمارات الجنوب العربي
Coat of arms
Common languagesArabic
Historical eraCold War
11 February 1959
4 April 1962
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Aden Protectorate
Federation of South Arabia
Map of the Federation of South Arabia, formerly known as the Federation of the Emirates of the South

Founding states

  •  Fadhli
  •  Audhali
  •  Beihan
  •  Dhala
  •  Lower Yafa
  •  Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom

Subsequent members

  •  Alawi
  •  Aqrabi
  •  Dathina
  •  Haushabi
  •  Lahej
  •  Lower Aulaqi
  •  Maflahi
  •  Shaib
  •  Wahidi


  1. Smitson, Scott. "The Road to Good Intentions: British Nation-building in Aden" (PDF). Center for Complex Operations Case Study No. 10. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2015.

References and further reading

  • Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • R.J. Gavin. Aden Under British Rule: 1839-1967. London: C. Hurst & Company, 1975.
  • Tom Little. South Arabia: Arena of Conflict. London: Pall Mall Press, 1968.

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