Escalloniaceae

Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 130 species in seven genera. In the APG II system it is one of eight families in the euasterids II clade (campanulids) that are unplaced as to order. More recent research has provided evidence that two of those families, Eremosynaceae and Tribelaceae, arose from within Escalloniaceae; the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website therefore merges these two families into Escalloniaceae, and also places the family alone in order Escalloniales.[2]

Escalloniaceae
Escallonia rubra var. macrantha
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Escalloniales
Mart.[1]
Family: Escalloniaceae
R.Br. ex Dumort.[1]
Genera

See text

The family has eight genera:[3]

  • Anopterus
  • Eremosyne
  • Escallonia
  • Forgesia
  • Polyosma
  • Tribeles
  • Valdivia

Additionally, genus Rayenia was described in 2021 and placed in this family. It is closely related to Tribeles and consists of a single species (Rayenia malalcurensis) native to central Chile.[4]

References

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. Stevens, P (2001). "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
  3. Lundberg, J (2001). "Phylogenetic studies in the euasterids II: with particular reference to Asterales and Escalloniaceae". Diva. Uppsala University.
  4. Villarroel, Alejandro E.; Menegoz, Kora; Lavandero, Nicolás (2021-02-15). "Rayenia malalcurensis (Escalloniaceae), a new genus and species endemic to Central Chile". Phytotaxa. 484 (1): 96–112. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.484.1.4. ISSN 1179-3163.


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