Energy in Europe

Energy in Europe includes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Europe.

Primary energy consumption by country

Primary energy consumption for selected European and Eurasian countries in million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) from 2010 to 2015, according to BP, is listed below.[1]

country 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Austria35.933.835.435.133.934.1
Azerbaijan10.711.912.312.613.213.7
Belarus25.925.927.924.724.923.6
Belgium66.061.358.660.055.956.5
Bulgaria17.819.118.116.717.918.9
Czech Republic42.842.141.740.940.139.6
Denmark19.518.517.118.017.516.9
Finland30.928.627.627.226.325.9
France253.2244.5244.7247.4237.5239.0
Germany323.7312.3316.7325.8311.9320.6
Greece31.530.729.327.926.326.3
Hungary24.923.221.720.520.521.5
Ireland15.214.114.013.713.714.6
Italy172.2168.4162.2155.7146.8151.7
Kazakhstan48.555.057.557.457.754.8
Lithuania5.65.85.85.45.25.3
Netherlands96.191.588.486.481.181.6
Norway41.943.047.845.046.447.1
Poland98.298.795.796.092.495.0
Portugal25.624.522.424.524.624.1
Romania33.834.734.031.532.533.1
Russian Federation673.3694.9695.3688.0689.8666.8
Slovakia17.416.816.216.815.515.8
Spain146.2143.1142.4134.2132.1134.4
Sweden52.151.554.751.451.753.0
Switzerland28.727.228.829.728.427.9
Turkey111.0115.0120.2117.6122.8131.3
Turkmenistan25.927.029.726.831.337.3
Ukraine121.0125.7122.6114.7101.085.1
United Kingdom210.5198.8201.9201.4188.9191.2
Uzbekistan43.849.749.248.750.351.6
Other Europe & Eurasia98.696.994.496.194.196.0
Total Europe & Eurasia2948.52934.22934.32898.02832.32834.4

Primary energy consumption per capita (2008)

The European primary energy use per capita (TWh per million people) in 2008 is listed below.[2]

Primary energy consumption in Europe (2008)[2]
Rank country TWh population (million) TWh per million people
1Russia7,987141.7956
2Germany3,89982.1247
3France3,09964.1248
4United Kingdom2,42461.3540
5Italy2,04759.8934
6Spain1,61445.5935
7Ukraine1,58346.2634
8Turkey1,14671.0816
9Poland1,13838.1230
10Netherlands92716.4456
11Kazakhstan82515.6853
12Belgium68110.7164
13Sweden5779.2662
14Czech Republic51910.4350
15Romania45821.5121
16Finland4105.3177
17Austria3878.3446
18Greece35411.2431
19Norway3454.7772
20Belarus3279.6834
21Switzerland3117.7140
22Portugal28110.6226
23Bulgaria 2307.6230
24Denmark2215.4940
25Ireland1744.4439
26Azerbaijan1558.6818
27Croatia1064.4324
28Estonia631.3447
29Iceland610.32191
30Luxembourg480.4998
31Moldova373.6310
32Armenia353.0811
33Cyprus300.8038
34Malta100.4123

Mtoe = 11.63 TWh primary energy, includes energy losses

Oil

Oil sources for the European Union with tendency forecast.

Oil is one of the largest primary energy sources in Europe. It is mostly used for transportation and heating. Oil production is relatively low in Europe, with significant production only in the North Sea. Most of Europe's oil comes from imports (about 90% for the EU28).

Electricity

Renewable energy

The twelve newer EU Member States in Central and Eastern Europe plan to increase wind power capacity from the 6.4 gigawatts installed at the end of 2012 to 16 gigawatts by 2020.[3][4]

If renewable electricity production in the EU continued to grow at the same rate as it did from 2005 to 2010, it would account for 36.4% of electricity in 2020 and 51.6% in 2030, following:[5][6]

Renewable energy as a percentage of total electricity
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2020 2030
13.614.215.116.418.221.236.451.6

In March 2022, the European Commission released its comprehensive "REPowerEU" plan to promote renewable energy in Europe.[7][8]

See also

References

  1. "Statistical Review of World Energy | Energy economics | BP Global". bp.com. BP. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  2. IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Archived 2010-10-11 at the Wayback Machine Page: Country-specific indicator numbers from page 48
  3. Wind power for 9 million households in Eastern Europe by 2020 5 Feb 2013
  4. Eastern winds, Emerging European wind power markets February 2013
  5. "Electric Rates Podcast".
  6. EU met its 2010 Renewable electricity target - ambitious 2030 target needed EWEA 12 January 2012
  7. European Commission (8 March 2022). REPowerEU: Joint European action for more affordable, secure and sustainable energy — COM(2022) 108 final. Strasbourg, France: European Commission. Retrieved 2022-07-10. Three annexes also available.
  8. European Commission (8 March 2022). REPowerEU Plan — COM(2022) 230 final. Brussels, Belgium: European Commission. Retrieved 2022-07-10. Three annexes also available.
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