Emir of Kuwait

The Emir of the State of Kuwait is the monarch and head of state of Kuwait, the country's most powerful office. The emirs of Kuwait are members of the Al Sabah dynasty.

Emir of Kuwait
أمير الكويت
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
since 30 September 2020
StyleHis Highness
Heir apparentSheikh Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
First monarchSheikh Sabah I bin Jaber
ResidenceBayan Palace

Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah became the emir of Kuwait on 30 September 2020,[1] following the death of Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He ascended the throne on 30 September 2020.

Rules and traditions of succession

Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The position of emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nominee for consideration as crown prince has to be a senior member of the Al Sabah family.

The prime minister is appointed by the Emir.


Annual compensation for the Emir is defined. The annual compensation is currently set to 50 million KWD.[2]

Emirs of Kuwait (1752–present)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Sabah I bin Jaber
  • Sabah I
  • صباح بن جابر
c. 1700–1762
(aged 61–62)
17521762According to the official Kuwaiti sources, Sabah I was unanimously chosen for the position of sheikh.[3]Al Sabah
Abdullah I Al-Sabah
  • Abdullah I
  • عبدالله الأول الصباح
(aged 73–74)
17623 May 1814Youngest son of Sabah I bin JaberAl Sabah
Jaber I Al-Sabah
  • Jaber I
  • جابر الصباح
(aged 83–84)
3 May 18141859Eldest son of Abdullah I Al-SabahAl Sabah
Sabah II Al-Sabah
  • Sabah II
  • صباح الثاني الصباح
(aged 81–82)
1859November 1866Eldest son of Jaber I Al-SabahAl Sabah
Abdullah II Al-Sabah
  • Abdullah II
  • عبدالله الثاني الصباح
(aged 77–78)
November 18661892Eldest son of Sabah II Al-SabahAl Sabah
Muhammad bin Sabah Al-Sabah
  • Muhammad I
  • محمد الصباح
(aged 57–58)
May 18921896Second son of Sabah II Al-SabahAl Sabah
Mubarak Al-Sabah
  • Mubarak I the Great
  • مبارك الصباح
1844 – 28 November 1915
(aged 70–71)
18 May 189628 November 1915Son of Sabah II Al-SabahAl Sabah
Jaber II Al-Sabah
  • Jaber II
  • جابر الثاني الصباح
1860 – 5 February 1917
(aged 56–57)
28 November 19155 February 1917Eldest son of Mubarak Al-SabahAl Sabah
Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
  • Salim I
  • سالم المبارك الصباح
1864 – 23 February 1921
(aged 56–57)
5 February 191723 February 1921Second son of Mubarak Al-SabahAl Sabah
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Ahmad I
  • احمد الجابر الصباح
1885 – 29 January 1950
(aged 64–65)
29 March 192129 January 1950Son of Jaber II Al-SabahAl Sabah
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
  • Abdullah III
  • عبدالله السالم الصباح
1895 – 24 November 1965
(aged 70)
29 January 195024 November 1965Eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-SabahAl Sabah
Sabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
  • Sabah III
  • صباح السالم الصباح
(1913-04-12)12 April 1913 – 31 December 1977(1977-12-31) (aged 64)24 November 196531 December 1977Youngest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-SabahAl Sabah
Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah
[lower-alpha 1]
  • Jaber III
  • جابر الأحمد الصباح
(1926-06-29)29 June 1926 – 15 January 2006(2006-01-15) (aged 79)31 December 197715 January 2006Third son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl Sabah
Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah
  • Saad I
  • سعد السالم الصباح
1930 – 13 May 2008
(aged 77–78)
15 January 200624 January 2006
[lower-alpha 2]
Eldest son of Abdullah Al-Salim Al-SabahAl Sabah
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Sabah IV
  • صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح
(1929-06-16)16 June 1929 – 29 September 2020(2020-09-29) (aged 91)29 January 200629 September 2020Fourth son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl Sabah
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Nawaf I
  • نواف الأحمد الجابر الصباح
(1937-06-25) 25 June 193730 September 2020IncumbentSixth son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl Sabah

See also


  1. In exile in Taif, Saudi Arabia between 2 August 1990 and 15 March 1991, due to the Iraqi invasion and occupation, and the subsequent Gulf War.
  2. Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness.[4]


  1. "Kuwait's new emir Sheikh Nawaf to be sworn in on September 30: Parliament speaker". Deccan Herald. 29 September 2020.
  2. "Show us the money - Oil Revenues, Undisclosed Allocations and Accountability in Budgets of the GCC States" (PDF).
  3. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman, and Central Arabia, Geographical, Volume 1, Historical Part 1, John Gordon Lorimer,1905, p1000
  4. PM set to become new Kuwait emir; CNN, 24 January 2006.
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