Eggs Benedict

Eggs Benedict is a common American breakfast or brunch dish, consisting of two halves of an English muffin, each topped with Canadian bacon,[1] a poached egg, and hollandaise sauce. It was popularized in New York City.

Eggs Benedict
Traditional Eggs Benedict with Canadian bacon on an English muffin with Hollandaise sauce
CourseBreakfast, brunch
Place of originUnited States
Region or stateNew York City
Main ingredientsEnglish muffin, Canadian bacon, Eggs, Hollandaise sauce

Origin and history

There are conflicting accounts as to the origin of eggs Benedict.

Delmonico's in Lower Manhattan says on its menu that "Eggs Benedict was first created in our ovens in 1860."[2] One of its former chefs, Charles Ranhofer, also published the recipe for Eggs à la Benedick in 1894.[3]

In an interview recorded in the "Talk of the Town" column of The New Yorker in 1942, the year before his death,[4] Lemuel Benedict, a retired Wall Street stock broker, said that he had wandered into the Waldorf Hotel in 1894 and, hoping to find a cure for his morning hangover, ordered "buttered toast, poached eggs, crisp bacon, and a hooker of hollandaise". Oscar Tschirky, the maître d'hôtel, was so impressed with the dish that he put it on the breakfast and luncheon menus but substituted ham for the bacon and a toasted English muffin for the toast.[5]

Eggs Atlantic with smoked salmon in place of Canadian bacon.

A later claim to the creation of eggs Benedict was circuitously made by Edward P. Montgomery on behalf of Commodore E. C. Benedict. In 1967 Montgomery wrote a letter to then The New York Times food columnist Craig Claiborne, which included a recipe he said he had received through his uncle, a friend of the commodore. Commodore Benedict's recipe—by way of Montgomery—varies greatly from Ranhofer's version, particularly in the hollandaise sauce preparation—calling for the addition of a "hot, hard-cooked egg and ham mixture".[6]


Eggs Florentine with spinach in place of Canadian bacon.

Several variations of Eggs Benedict exist, involving replacing any component except the egg:

  • Avocado Toast Eggs Benedict – substitutes toast in place of the muffin and adds sliced avocado.[7]
  • California Eggs Benedict – adds sliced Hass avocado. Variations may include sliced tomato instead of Canadian bacon.[8]
  • Eggs Atlantic[9][note 1] – substitutes salmon which may be smoked, in place of Canadian bacon.[9]
  • Eggs Balmoral – substitutes haggis in place of Canadian bacon.[14]
  • Eggs Blackstone – substitutes streaky bacon in place of Canadian bacon and adds a tomato slice.[15]
  • Eggs Blanchard – substitutes béchamel sauce in place of Hollandaise.[16]
  • Eggs Chesapeake (Crab Eggs Benedict, Crab Cakes Benedict) – substitutes a Maryland blue crab cake in place of Canadian bacon.[17][18]
  • Eggs Cochon (Eggs Cochon de Lait) – substitutes pork "debris" (slow roasted pork shredded in its own juices) in place of Canadian bacon, buttermilk biscuit in place of the English muffin. Served in New Orleans restaurants.[19][20]
  • Eggs Florentine – adds spinach, sometimes substituted in place of the Canadian bacon.[21] Older versions of eggs Florentine add spinach to poached or shirred eggs.
  • Eggs Hebridean – a Scottish variety, substitutes Black pudding in place of the Canadian bacon.[22]
  • Eggs Hussarde – substitutes Holland rusks in place of the English muffin and adds Bordelaise sauce.[23][24]
  • Eggs Mornay – substitutes Mornay sauce in place of the Hollandaise.[25]
  • Eggs Neptune – substitutes crab meat in place of Canadian bacon.[26]
  • Eggs Omar (Steak Benedict) substitutes a small steak in place of Canadian bacon and sometimes replaces the Hollandaise with béarnaise.[27][28]
  • Eggs Trivette – adds Creole mustard to the Hollandaise and a topping of crayfish.[29]
  • Eggs Woodhouse – includes two eggs and artichoke hearts, creamed spinach, bechamel sauce, Iberico ham, black truffle and beluga caviar. The recipe is featured in the book How To Archer, inspired by the television series Archer on FXX.[30]
  • Eggs Zenedict – adds toasted scone and peameal bacon smothered in sundried tomato Hollandaise. A specialty of restaurants in the defunct Canadian retail chain Zellers.[31]
  • Huevos Benedictos – adds sliced avocado or Mexican chorizo, topped with salsa (such as salsa roja or salsa brava) and Hollandaise sauce.[32]
  • Irish Benedict – substitutes corned beef or Irish bacon in place of Canadian bacon.[33]
  • New Jersey Benedict – substitutes Taylor pork roll in place of Canadian bacon.[34]

See also


  1. Other name variations for Eggs Atlantic include Eggs Benjamin,[10] Eggs Charlotte,[11] Eggs Copenhagen,[12] Eggs Hemingway,[13] Eggs Halifax,[9] Eggs Montreal,[12] Eggs Norwegian (Norvégienne),[9] Eggs Pacifico,[9] Eggs Royale,[12] Eggs Victoria,[9] Oregon Benedict,[9] Smoked Salmon Benedict,[9] and Smoked Salmon Eggs Benny.[9]


  1. Ash, John. "Classic Eggs Benedict". Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  2. "Delmonico's Menu". Delmonico's Restaurant. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  3. "The epicurean—A complete treatise of analytical and practical studies on the culinary art, including table and wine service, how to prepare and cook dishes, etc., and a selection of interesting bills of fare of Delmonico's from 1862 to 1894". The Internet Archive. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  4. Benedict, Cutts. "Eggs Benedict New York: Feedback". Archived from the original on December 1, 1998. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
  5. "Talk of the Town". The New Yorker. December 19, 1942. Notes: This hasn't been verified at the source, but is instead taken from the letter to Karpf by Cutts Benedict and the page of J. J. Schnebel.
  6. Claiborne, Craig (September 9, 1967). "American Classic: Eggs Benedict". The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  7. Hardesty, Kim (nd). "Avocado on Toast with Poached Egg and Blender Hollandaise". Low Carb Maven. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  8. Rhee, Chungah (May 8, 2012). "California Eggs Benedict". Damn Delicious. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  9. "The Legend of Eggs Halifax". Shelf5. June 1, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  10. Karlleuck (July 20, 2019). "Karl's Eggs Benjamin". Jabberwocky Stew. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  11. "Eggs Charlotte". BigOven. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  12. "Eggs Hemingway". Instructables. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  13. "Eggs Hemingway (or Eggs Atlantic) with smoked salmon". Shelf5. January 19, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  14. "Menus". The Cricklade Club. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  15. Rombauer, Irma S.; Marion Rombauer Becker (1995) [1975]. "Egg Dishes". The Joy of Cooking. Illustrated by Ginnie Hofmann and Ikki Matsumoto (1st Scribner Edition 1995 ed.). New York, New York: Scribner. p. 222. ISBN 0-02-604570-2. Notes: Title of recipe is poached eggs Blackstone. Uses fried slice of flour dipped tomato, minced bacon, poached eggs, and hollandaise. No bread for base.
  16. Hirtzler, Victor (1988). The 1910 Hotel St. Francis cook book (1st ed.). Sausalito, Calif.: Windgate Press. ISBN 978-0915269068.
  17. "Eggs Chesapeake". Thomas Breads. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  18. Roma, Cathy (May 10, 2019). "Crab Eggs Benedict". What Should I Make For... Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  19. "Eggs Cochon du Lait" Eat Your World
  20. "Five places for great cochon du lait"Gambit Archived March 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  21. "Rich mix of patrons makes Moto's special". The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. December 18, 1986. pp. A/6. "eggs Florentine ($3.95), eggs poached and topped with Hollandaise sauce, served on spinach and English muffin" Notes: Not directly verified. Viewed through Google News Archive snippet view.
  22. Claire (December 21, 2018). "Eggs Atlantic with a Florentine Twist". Sprinkles & Sprouts. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  23. DeMers, John (1998). Food of New Orleans: Authentic Recipes from the Big Easy. Food photography by John Hay (1st ed.). Boston: Periplus Editions. p. 44. ISBN 962-593-227-5.
  24. "Recipes – Eggs Hussarde". Brennan's Restaurant. Archived from the original on February 6, 2006. Retrieved September 28, 2016. Notes: Located in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  25. Claiborne, Craig (May 26, 1960). "Maligned Vegetable Has Loyal Fans". The New York Times. p. 28.
  26. Zimmer, Erin. "Eggs Neptune in Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina". Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  27. Vaughan, Kelly (April 29, 2020). "The Ultimate Guide to Making Eggs Benedict at Home". Martha Stewart. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  28. Lau, Sue (March 20, 2016). "Steak Benedict". Palatable Pastime. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  29. Shawnda (March 23, 2013). "Eggs Trivette". The Brewer & The Baker.
  30. "Eggs Woodhouse for Good from Archer". Binging with Babish. December 13, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  31. "Zellers Diner". Zellers Diner food pages. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  32. "Huevos Benedictos". Instructables.
  33. "Irish Eggs Benedcit – Low Carb". April Golightly. February 13, 2020. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  34. Shelton, Jay (July 8, 2020). "Steps to Make Ultimate Toast with Eggs Benedict and Baked Beans". Most Popular Recipes. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  • Was He the Eggman?” An account in The New York Times about Lemuel Benedict and the efforts of Jack Benedict, the son of Lemuel's first cousin, to promote Lemuel's story. Article includes link to an audio slide show.
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