Earl Grey

Earl Grey is a title in the peerage of the United Kingdom.[2] It was created in 1806 for General Charles Grey, 1st Baron Grey. In 1801, he was given the title Baron Grey of Howick in the County of Northumberland,[3] and in 1806 he was created Viscount Howick in the County of Northumberland, at the same time as he was given the earldom. A member of the prominent Grey family of Northumberland, Earl Grey was the third son of Sir Henry Grey, 1st Baronet of Howick[4] (see below).

Earl Grey

Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed argent, in dexter chief point a mullet or[1]
Creation date11 April 1806
Created byKing George III
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderCharles Grey, 1st Baron Grey
Present holderPhilip Grey, 7th Earl Grey
Heir apparentAlexander Grey, Viscount Howick
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesViscount Howick
Baron Grey of Howick
Former seat(s)Howick Hall
Fallodon Hall
MottoDe bon vouloir servir le roy
("To serve the King with good will")


The first Earl Grey was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles, 2nd Earl Grey. He was a prominent Whig politician and served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1830 to 1834, which tenure saw the passing of the Great Reform Act of 1832 and the abolition of slavery in the British Empire in 1833. In 1808, he also succeeded his uncle as third Baronet, of Howick.

The second Earl was succeeded by his second (but eldest surviving) son, Henry, 3rd Earl Grey. He was also a Whig politician and served under Lord John Russell as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies from 1846 to 1852. On his death, the titles passed to his nephew, Albert, 4th Earl Grey. He was the son of General the Hon. Charles Grey, third son of the second Earl. Lord Grey was governor general of Canada between 1904 and 1911. His son, Charles, 5th Earl Grey, was a major in the Army. He died without male issue and was succeeded by his second cousin once removed, Richard, 6th Earl Grey. He was the great-great-grandson of Admiral the Hon. George Grey, fourth son of the second earl. The 6th Earl died in September 2013 and was succeeded by his brother Philip, 7th Earl Grey.

The Grey baronetcy, of Howick in the County of Northumberland, was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain in 1746 for Henry Grey, High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1738. A member of an old Northumberland family, he was eighth in descent from Sir Thomas Grey, of Heton, elder brother of John Grey, 1st Earl of Tankerville (see the Earl of Tankerville, 1418 creation), and fifth in descent from Sir Edward Grey, of Howick, uncle of William Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Warke. In 1720 he married Hannah, daughter of Thomas Wood of Fallodon near Alnwick in Northumberland. Grey was succeeded by his eldest son, the second baronet. He represented Northumberland in the House of Commons. He died unmarried and was succeeded by his nephew, the second Earl Grey. For further history of the baronetcy, see above.

Several other members of this branch of the Grey family have gained distinction. The Hon. George Grey (1767–1828), second son of the first Earl Grey, was created a baronet, of Fallodon in the County of Northumberland, in 1814 (see Grey baronets) and was the father of Sir George Grey, 2nd Baronet, and the great-grandfather of Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon. The Right Reverend the Hon. Edward Grey (1782–1837), fifth son of the first Earl, was Bishop of Hereford from 1832 to 1837. His fourth son Sir William Grey (1818–1878) served as Governor of Bengal from 1866 to 1871 and as governor of Jamaica from 1874 to 1877. His daughter Sybil Frances Grey (d. 1945) was the mother of Prime Minister Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon. Sir Paul Francis Grey, British Ambassador to Czechoslovakia from 1957 to 1960 and to Switzerland from 1960 to 1964, was the grandson of Francis Douglas Grey, a son from the second marriage of the Right Reverend the Hon. Edward Grey, Bishop of Hereford. The aforementioned the Hon. Charles Grey, third son of the second Earl, was a general in the Army. The aforementioned the Hon. George Grey (1809–1891), fourth son of the second Earl, was an admiral in the Royal Navy.

The family seats were Howick Hall and Fallodon Hall in Northumberland. The traditional burial place of the Earls Grey is St Michael and All Angels Church, Howick.


Grey's Monument in Newcastle

Earl Grey tea is named after the second Earl Grey.[5]

The Grey Cup, the championship trophy for the Canadian Football League, is named after the 4th Earl, in 1909; at the time, Lord Grey was serving as Governor General of Canada.[6]

A column topped with a statue of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (referred to locally as Grey's Monument), has a prominent location in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Grey County in Ontario, Canada is named after the 2nd Earl Grey.

The Gateshead fiddler James Hill (b 1811 d 1856) composed the tune "Earl Gray" in the Scottish Strathspey style, possibly to commemorate the opening of Grey's Monument in 1838. It still remains part of the traditional music repertoire of Scotland and Northumberland.[7]

Earl Grey Street in Edinburgh was named after the 2nd Earl after his visit to the city in 1834.[8]


Grey baronets, of Howick (1746)

Created by George II of Great Britain
#NamePeriodSpouseNotesOther titles
1Sir Henry Grey, 1st Baronet
2Sir Henry Grey, 2nd Baronet
3Sir Charles Grey, 3rd Baronet
1808–1845Mary Grey, Lady Greyas 2nd Earl Grey, succeeded his uncle as 3rd Baronet.

Earls Grey (1806)

Created by George III of the United Kingdom
#NamePeriodSpouseNotesOther titles
1Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey
1806–1807Elizabeth Grey, Countess GreyBaron Grey (1801)
Viscount Howick (1806)
2Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
1807–1845Mary Grey, Countess GreyPrime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1830 to 1834Viscount Howick
Baron Grey
3Henry Grey, 3rd Earl Grey
1845–1894Maria Copley, Countess Grey
4Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey
1894–1917Alice Holford, Countess GreyGovernor General of Canada from 1904 to 1911; the Grey cup is named after him
5Charles Grey, 5th Earl Grey
1917–1963Mabel Palmer, Countess Grey, CBE
6Richard Grey, 6th Earl Grey
1963–2013Margaret Ann Bradford, Countess Grey
Stephanie Caroline, Countess Grey
7Philip Kent Grey, 7th Earl Grey
(born 1940)
2013–presentAnn Catherine Applegate, Countess Grey[9]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son, Alexander Edward Grey, Viscount Howick (born 1968).

Line of succession

Line of succession
  • Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey (1729–1807)
    • Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (1764–1845)
      • Admiral Hon. George Grey (1809–1891)
        • Francis William Grey (1860–1939)
          • George Archibald Grey (1886–1952)
            • Albert Harry Grey (1912–1942)
              • Philip Kent Grey, 7th Earl Grey (born 1940)
                • (1). Alexander Edward Grey, Viscount Howick (born 1968)
            • Rodney York de Charmoy Grey (1921–2017)
              • (2). Christopher John Grey (born 1946)
                • (3). Duncan Colin Grey (born 1974)
              • (4). David York Grey (born 1947)
                • (5). Michael Colin Grey (born 1982)
                  • (6). Charles David Grey (born 2017)
              • (7). Simon Alexander Grey (born 1958)
              • (8). Marcus Edward Grey (born 1960)
    • Sir George Grey, 1st Baronet (1767–1828)
      • Charles Samuel Grey (1811–1860)
        • Edward George Grey (1858–1935)
          • Sir Robin Edward Dysart Grey, 6th Baronet (1886–1974)
            • Edward Elton Grey (1920–1962)
              • (9). Sir Anthony Dysart Grey, 7th Baronet (born 1949)
                • (10). Thomas Jasper Grey (born 1998)
    • Rt. Rev. Hon. Edward Grey (1782–1837)


See also


  1. Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1660. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. "No. 15905". The London Gazette. 29 March 1806. p. 407.
  3. "No. 15374". The London Gazette. 9 June 1801. p. 646.
  4. "No. 8500". The London Gazette. 7 January 1745. p. 1.
  5. Kramer, Ione (1990). All the Tea in China. China Books. pp. 180–181. ISBN 0-8351-2194-1.
  6. Kelly, Graham (1999). The Grey Cup: A History. Red Deer, Alberta: Johnson Gorman Publishers. pp. 11. ISBN 0-921835-53-1.
  7. "The Lads like Beer, Graham Dixon, Random Publications, ISBN 0-9511572-05
  8. By the Three Great Roads, Aberdeen University Press
  9. Reynolds, John (23 September 2013). "Cremation industry remembers Earl Grey as 'a lovely man' and 'inspirational leader'". Hampstead & Highgate Express. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  10. Morris, Susan; Bosberry-Scott, Wendy; Belfield, Gervase, eds. (2019). "Grey, Earl". Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. Vol. 1 (150th ed.). London: Debrett's Ltd. pp. 2814–2821. ISBN 978-1-999767-0-5-1.
  11. Pine, L. G., ed. (1956). "Grey of Falloden". Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage (101st ed.). London: Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 972.


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.