Dumai

Dumai (Jawi: دوماي, Chinese: 杜迈), is a city in Riau province on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The city has an area of 1,727.38 km2 and had 253,803 inhabitants at the 2010 census, 285,448 at the 2015 census and 316,782 at the 2020 census.[1] Dumai has a domestic airport, Pinang Kampai Airport. Dumai is an important transport and trade centre, both regionally and internationally, especially to Malaysia. Dumai is rich in oil (petroleum and palm oil).[4]

Dumai
City of Dumai
Kota Dumai
Other transcription(s)
  Chinese杜迈
  Jawiدوماي
Office building in Dumai
Location within Riau
Dumai
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Dumai
Dumai (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 1°40′0″N 101°27′0″E
Country Indonesia
Province Riau
Government
  MayorZulkifli A.S.
  Vice MayorEko Suharjo
Area
  Total1,727.38 km2 (666.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)
  Total316,782
  Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
 [1]
Demographics
  Ethnic groups[2]Malay 50%
Minangkabau 23%
Javanese 15%
Batak 7%
Others 5%
  Religion[3]Islam 85.14%
Protestant 10.62%
Buddhism 3.17%
Catholic 0.85%
Confucianism 0.19%
Others 0.03%
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Area code(+62) 765
Websitehttp://www.dumaikota.go.id/

History

Dumai is a city in Riau province, Indonesia, about 188 km from Pekanbaru. Currently Dumai City is the second largest city in the province of Riau, but earlier it was a small hamlet on the east coast of Riau Province. It was inaugurated as a city on 20 April 1999, by Law no. 16 of year 1999, having previously had a town administrative (kotif) in Bengkalis Regency. At its inception, the City only consisted of three districts, containing 13 urban villages and 9 rural villages, with a population of just 15,699 people and a density of 83.85/km2. It now (2020 census) consists of seven districts.

Administration

The city is divided into seven districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their area and their population at the 2010 census and the 2020 census.[1] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, and the number of villages (kelurahan) in each district.

NameArea in
km2.
Population
census 2010
Population
census 2020
Admin
centre
No. of
villages
Bukit Kapur200.0038,05151,564Bukit Nenas5
Medang Kampai373.0010,19916,794Teluk Makmur4
Sungai Sembilan975.3827,46541,738Lubuk Gaung5
Dumai Barat
(West Dumai)
44.9889,97844,292Purnama4
Dumai Selatan
(South Dumai)
73.50(a)52,791Bukit Datuk5
Dumai Timur
(East Dumai)
47.5288,11068,930Teluk Binjai5
Dumai Kota
(Dumai town)
13.00(a)40,673Laksamana5
Total City1,727.38253,803316,78233

Notes: (a) the 2010 populations of the Dumai Selatan and Dumai Kota Districts are included in the figures for Dumai Barat and Dumai Timur Districts, from which they were cut out in 2009.

The villages (Kelurahan) into which those districts are subdivided are:

  • Bukit Kapur, the Villages:
    • Bagan Besar
    • Bukit Kayu Kapur
    • Bukit Nenas
    • Gurun Panjang
    • Kampung Baru
  • Dumai Barat, the Villages:
    • Bagan Keladi
    • Pangkalan Sesai
    • Purnama
    • Simpang Tetap Darul Ichsan
  • Dumai Timur, the Villages:
    • Bukit Batrem
    • Buluh Kasap
    • Jaya Mukti
    • Tanjung Palas
    • Teluk Binjai
  • Medang Kampai, the Villages:
    • Guntung
    • Mundam
    • Teluk Makmur
    • Pelintung
  • Sungai Sembilan, the Villages:
    • Bangsal Aceh
    • Basilam Baru
    • Batu Teritip
    • Lubuk Gaung
    • Tanjung Penyembal
  • Dumai Kota, the Villages:
    • Laksamana
    • Rimba Sekampung
    • Bintan
    • Dumai Kota
    • Sukajadi
  • Dumai Selatan, the Villages:
    • Bukit Timah
    • Mekar Sari
    • Bumi Ayu
    • Ratu Sima
    • Bukit Datuk

Economy

Macro-economic indicators of the gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) Dumai increasing each year since 2000–2005 is a picture of the success of the development of economy in Dumai. To support the increase in GDP that heavy economic development point of Dumai is to maintain the dominance of construction on industrial sectors, trade, transport and buildings in addition to paying attention to the agricultural sector as a producer of industrial raw materials. Rapid economic growth rate has also provided job opportunities for people, so that the social welfare in Dumai increases.

Obstacles faced in addition to capital issues is the Status of land still touted ex HPH. Four subdistricts in Dumai District of Sungai Sembilan, Medang Kampai, lime and Western Damai is an area that has the potential of land resources for the development of agribusiness and agro-industries with appropriate technology engineering byocyclo such as rice farming, crops, vegetables, bananas, pineapples, durian, mango, rambutan, palm, cattle (cows, goats, ducks and chickens) as well as the cultivation of farmed freshwater fish (catfish, carp, carp and ornamental fish). more on the produce of the district the river nine to forward is Palm, banana, and crops. Currently the town River nine new basilam village in particular is very deficient means of infra-structures for the construction of the road. Especially the main road construction kaplingan up to the junction with the durian.

Transportation

Land

There are several transportation modes in Pekanbaru such as taxi, bus, oplet (share taxi), bajaj (auto rickshaw), and ojek (motorcycle taxi). For land transport, Dumai is connected to Trans-Sumatran Highway and Trans-Sumatra Toll Road. Bus services operate to Duri, Padang, Medan, Jambi, Pekanbaru and other cities and regions in Riau Province and Sumatra (Terminal AKAP).

Sea

Dumai Port (Pelabuhan Dumai) is located in Dumai, connecting Dumai with regions in Riau Province, other destinations in Indonesia, and the world. This port is a major port in Riau.

Air

Pinang Kampai Airport is a domestic airport that serves daily flights to/from several cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Pekanbaru, Medan, Batam, etc.[5]

Climate

Dumai has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Dumai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.4
(90.3)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.5
(81.5)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
27.2
(80.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 200
(7.9)
150
(5.9)
202
(8.0)
225
(8.9)
191
(7.5)
159
(6.3)
159
(6.3)
200
(7.9)
255
(10.0)
293
(11.5)
299
(11.8)
258
(10.2)
2,591
(102.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[6]

Tourism

The Great Mosque of AL Mannan

Dumai is situated on the waterfront has the potential of tourism development such as nature tourism, culture and shopping. Several area attractions including conservation areas in district Nine, forest River in district of Western and Eastern Damai Damai, Prosperous Gulf Coast region in district and Lake Kampai Phoebe Flowers of seven in Eastern Damai. As the main gate to enter the Riau Mainland, some tourists have repeatedly visited the Dumai, especially those that like to visit Malacca. Dumai is very easily accessible due to good transportation connections. There are some interesting sights on the way to Dumai, such as the Sakai tribe, tropical forests along the River, and water colour is unique as the color of tea. Moreover, it also can be seen hundreds of bobbing oil who raised the pipe from the bowels of the Earth. Ramayana shopping center on General Sudirman street was opened in 2007. At night, a variety of Indonesian food is sold along Ombak street. Dumai has some interesting places to be visit,[7] among others:[8]

  • Teluk Makmur Beach
  • Putri Tujuh Grave (Makam Putri Tujuh)
  • Seascape of Dumai
  • The Great Mosque of Al-Badar (Masjid Raya Al-Badar)
  • Bunga Tujuh Lake
  • Pelintung Cave (Goa Pelintung)
  • Forest Tour of Dumai
  • The Great Mosque of Dumai (Masjid Raya Dumai)
  • Pawang Leon Grave (Makam Pawang Leon)
  • Siti of Sea Grave (Makam Siti Laut)
  • The Great Mosque of Al-Mannan (Masjid Raya Al-Mannan)
  • Magic Footprint Tiger (Tapak Harimau Sakti)
  • Tepak Sirih Monument (Tugu Tepak Sirih)

Sister Cities

Sister Cities Country
Alor Gajah Malaysia

References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Local Power and Politics in Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003. ISBN 9789814515245
  3. Data Jumlah Penduduk Kota Dumai Berdasarkan Agama 2019 - Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia <https://datin.dumaikota.go.id/data-dasar/index.php?page=capil-jpma>
  4. "Statistics Indonesia". Dds.bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  5. Pinang Kampai Airport
  6. "Climate: Dumai". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  7. Wisa Tamelayu
  8. "Wisata Dumai | The Aroengbinang Wisata". thearoengbinangproject.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-28.
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