Dubul' ibhunu

Dubul' ibhunu, translated as shoot the Boer[1] or kill the Boer,[2] is a controversial South African song. It is sung in Xhosa and Zulu.

Depending on the interpretation, the song might refer to institutional structures such as the National Party (NP); or to specific groups of people such as members of the South African Police (colloquially known as "Boers") and armed forces during apartheid.[3]

Supporters of the song, particularly Black South Africans, see that it is a liberation song that articulates an important part of South Africa's history. They say the song is meant to be interpeted symbolically as an expression of anger and frustation for the horrors of the apartheid, and a desire to fight for liberation.[3][4] Critics of the song, particularly White South Africans, claim it is an example of anti-white racism celebrating violence, against Boers, the wider Afrikaner ethnic group, white farmers, or even white South Africans generally.[3][5]

Controversy

The song originates in the struggle against apartheid when it was first sung to protest the Afrikaner dominated apartheid government of South Africa.[5]

In post-apartheid South Africa the song has been most notably sung by then African National Congress Youth League leader Julius Malema[6] and then South African President Jacob Zuma.[7] Critics of the song such as AfriForum and TAU-SA state the song encourages and can be partly blamed for the violent attacks on South African farms owned by white people.[3]

In 2011, the South Gauteng High Court ruled that the song was discriminatory, harmful, undermined the dignity of Afrikaners, and thereby constituted hate speech.[8] The court ruled that Julius Malema, who was brought before the court for previously singing the song at rallies, was forbidden from singing it in the future.[8] Following the ruling Malema changed the wording of the song to "Kiss the Boer" and sang that instead[9]—however, it can be argued to still have the same psychological influence as the original, due to the well-known context for the altered lyrics. The following year, the African National Congress stated that they would not sing the song any more.[9]

Malema again appeared in court in 2022 for allegedly singing the song in a case brought by Afriforum where the issue of whether or not the song was hate speech was debated.[10] Judge Edwin Molahlehi of the Johannesburg High Court found that the chant and song was not intended to be taken seriously, that the reference to "boer" did not literally refer to white or Afrikaans people, and that it did not incite hatred towards white people generally; therefore the song was not hate speech.[11][12] Afriforum seeks to appeal the judgement to the supreme court.[13]

Lyrics

Dubul' ibhunu
Original[14] English[14]
Ayasab' amagwala

dubula dubula

ayeah

dubula dubula

ayasab 'a magwala

dubula dubula

awu yoh

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula 

aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

awe mama ndiyekele

awe mama iyeah

awe mama ndiyekele 

awe mama iyo

aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

Ayasab' amagwala

dubula dubula

ayeah

dubula dubula 

ayasab 'a magwala

dubula dubula

iii yoh

dubula dubala 

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula 

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula 

aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

awe mama ndiyekele 

awe mama iyo

awe mama ndiyekele

awe mama iyo

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula 

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

Ziyarapa lezinja

dubula dubula

ay iyeah

dubula dubula

Ziyarapa lezinja 

dubula dubula 

ay iiiyo

dubula dubula

Aw dubul'ibhunu

dubula dubula

Aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

Aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

Aw dubul'ibhunu 

dubula dubula

Ayasab' amagwala

Dubula dubula

Ay iyeah

Dubula dubula

Ayasab' amagwala

Dubula dubula

Ay iyeah

The cowards are scared

shoot shoot

ayeah

shoot shoot

the cowards are scared

shoot shoot

awu yoh

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

mother leave me be

oh mother

mother leave me be

oh mother

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

the cowards are scared

shoot shoot

ayeah

shoot shoot

the cowards are scared

shoot shoot

iii yoh

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

mother leave me be

oh mother

mother leave me be

oh mother

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

these dogs are raping

shoot shoot

ay iyeah

shoot shoot

these dogs are raping

shoot shoot

ay iiiyo

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

shoot the Boer

shoot shoot

the cowards are scared

shoot shoot

Ay iyeah

shoot shoot

the cowards are scared

shoot shoot

Ay iyeah

See also

References

  1. Gray, Louise (10 September 2010). "Can Music Kill?". Index on Censorship. 39 (3): 112–120. doi:10.1177/0306422010379686.
  2. Thompson, Mabunda M.; Ramhurry, Cindy (7 March 2014). "A uniting song that divides: A critical analysis of (Kill the Boer)". Muziki. 11 (1): 32–42. doi:10.1080/18125980.2014.893091.
  3. Quintal, Genevieve. "'Shoot the boer': Lost in translation?". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  4. Msila, Vuyisile (20 September 2011). "Mini and the song: The place of protest song in history" (PDF). www.sahistory.org.za. UNISA. p. 13. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  5. Brkic, Branko. "'Kill the Boer': a brief history". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  6. Sapa-AFP, Staff Reporter. "'Shoot the boer': It's hate speech, says judge". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  7. "Hate speech charge laid against Jacob Zuma". News24. 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  8. Sapa-AFP, Staff Reporter. "'Shoot the boer': It's hate speech, says judge". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  9. Smith, David (2012-11-01). "South Africa: ANC promises to stop singing Shoot the Boer". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  10. Masweneng, Kgaugelo (18 February 2022). "Expert witness in hate crime case unpacks use and significance of 'Dubul' ibhunu'". TimesLIVE. Retrieved 2022-03-02.
  11. Broughton, Tania (2022-08-25). "GROUNDUP: EFF singing of 'Kill the Boer, Kill the Farmer' not hate speech, court rules". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 2022-08-26.
  12. "Malema, Economic Freedom Fighters singing 'Kill the Boer' ruled not hate speech". The Mail & Guardian. 2022-08-25. Retrieved 2022-08-26.
  13. "EFF celebrates while AfriForum vows to appeal 'kill the boer' judgment".
  14. "English translation of Aw Dubul'ibhunu | IOL News". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
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