Diogo Feijó

Diogo Antônio Feijó (10 August 1784 – 10 November 1843) was a Brazilian politician and catholic priest. He was the regent of the Empire of Brazil from October 1835 to September 1837. Aside from members of the Imperial family, he was the first to ever hold this position alone; the other was his appointed successor after his resignation, the Marquis of Olinda. Both were regents at the time Emperor Pedro II was still a minor.

Diogo Feijó
Regent of the Empire of Brazil
In office
12 October 1835  18 September 1837
MonarchPedro II
Preceded byFrancisco de Lima e Silva
José da Costa Carvalho
João Bráulio Muniz
Succeeded byPedro de Araújo Lima
President of the Imperial Senate
In office
4 May 1839  9 April 1840
MonarchPedro II
Preceded byMarquis of Baependi
Succeeded byMarquis of Paranaguá
Minister of Justice
In office
5 July 1831  3 August 1832
MonarchPedro II
Preceded byManuel de Sousa França
Succeeded byPedro de Araújo Lima
Personal details
Born10 August 1784
São Paulo, Captaincy of São Paulo, State of Brazil, Portuguese America
Died10 November 1843 (aged 59)
São Paulo, São Paulo Province, Empire of Brazil
Political partyLiberal
Signature

Biography

Feijó received his early education in a clerical college of São Paulo. In 1807 he was ordained priest, and soon afterwards began to teach in Parahyba.

In 1820 the liberal revolution triumphed in Portugal, and Feijó was sent as a representative of the province of São Paulo to the Portuguese assembly (Portuguese: Cortes) in Lisbon,[1] to which he was admitted on 11 February 1822. On 25 April, he made an eloquent speech in defense of Brazilian rights, which were threatened by the Portuguese majority in the assembly. The Brazilian deputies were unsuccessful in their demands, and Feijó, along with five others, secretly left Lisbon for Falmouth. There, on 22 October 1822, they published a manifesto explaining their conduct. Feijó later returned to Brazil and retired to Itu.

In 1824 Dom Pedro I submitted a proposed constitution to the municipalities of the empire, which was almost unanimously accepted, except at Itu, where Feijó proposed to amend it. The province of São Paulo elected him successively to the legislatures of 1826-29 and 1830–1833. In 1827, he proposed the abolition of clerical celibacy, and in 1828 submitted a project for the reform of municipalities.

In 1831 Feijó was appointed minister of justice by the regency, and in this position dissolved undisciplined military bodies, checked on 7 October 1831 the revolution in the Ilha das Cobras, organized on 10 October a body of military police, and in 1832 suppressed another revolt. In 1833 he was appointed senator for life and in 1834 the electors of the empire made him regent of Brazil. On the day before his election as regent, he had been appointed bishop of Mariana, but declined the offer for political reasons.

He took office as regent on 12 October 1835.[2] As regent, he pushed for liberal and progressive reforms, but his policies were met with such fierce opposition from the conservatives that, on 18 September 1837, he resigned his office, retired to São Paulo and did not appear in the Senate again until 1838. He served as the President of the Senate from 1839 to 1840.[3]

In 1842 he edited a political paper called O Justiceiro. In the same year a revolution broke out near Campinas, where Feijó was living, and, although enfeebled by his age and sickness, he took upon himself the responsibility of the movement, and, after being defeated, was arrested, taken to Santos, and thence to Rio de Janeiro, to be tried by the Senate. He succeeded in explaining his conduct before that body, and this proved to be the last act of his political life, for he died soon afterwards.

Notes

  1. Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Feijo, Diogo Antonio" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  2. Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Feijó, Diogo Antonio" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  3. "Império (1826-1889) - Senado Federal". www25.senado.leg.br.

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.