Detrusor muscle

The detrusor muscle, also detrusor urinae muscle, muscularis propria of the urinary bladder and (less precise) muscularis propria, is smooth muscle found in the wall of the bladder. The detrusor muscle remains relaxed to allow the bladder to store urine, and contracts during urination to release urine. Related are the urethral sphincter muscles which envelop the urethra to control the flow of urine when they contract.

Detrusor muscle
Urinary bladder
Originposterior surface of the body of the pubis
Insertionprostate (male), vagina (female)
NerveSympathetic - hypogastric n. (T10-L2) Parasympathetic - pelvic splanchnic nerves (S2-4)
ActionsSympathetic relaxes, to store urine Parasympathetic contracts, to urinate
Latinmusculus detrusor vesicae urinariae
Anatomical terms of muscle


The fibers of the detrusor muscle arise from the posterior surface of the body of the pubis in both sexes (musculi pubovesicales), and in the male from the adjacent part of the prostate. These fibers pass, in a more or less longitudinal manner, up the inferior surface of the bladder, over its apex, and then descend along its fundus to become attached to the prostate in the male, and to the front of the vagina in the female. At the sides of the bladder the fibers are arranged obliquely and intersect one another.

The three layers of muscles are arranged longitudinal-circular-longitudinal from innermost to outermost.


During urination, the detrusor muscle is contracted via parasympathetic branches from the pelvic splanchnic nerves to empty the bladder.[1] At other times, the muscle is kept relaxed via sympathetic branches from the inferior hypogastric plexus to allow the bladder to fill.[1]

Clinical significance

In older adults over 60 years in age, the detrusor muscle may cause issues in voiding the bladder, resulting in uncomfortable urinary retention.[2]

The mucosa of the urinary bladder may herniate through the detrusor muscle.[3] This is most often an acquired condition due to high pressure in the urinary bladder, damage, or existing connective tissue disorders.[3]

See also


  1. Ho, MAT H.; Bhatia, NARENDER N. (2007-01-01), Lobo, Rogerio A. (ed.), "CHAPTER 51 - Lower Urinary Tract Disorders in Postmenopausal Women", Treatment of the Postmenopausal Woman (Third Edition), St. Louis: Academic Press, pp. 693–737, ISBN 978-0-12-369443-0, retrieved 2021-02-05
  2. Stoffel, JT (September 2017). "Non-neurogenic Chronic Urinary Retention: What Are We Treating?". Current Urology Reports. 18 (9): 74. doi:10.1007/s11934-017-0719-2. PMID 28730405. S2CID 12989132.
  3. Merrow, A. Carlson; Hariharan, Selena, eds. (2018-01-01), "Bladder Diverticula", Imaging in Pediatrics, Elsevier, p. 205, doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-47778-9.50153-7, ISBN 978-0-323-47778-9, retrieved 2021-02-05
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