Coat of arms of the Australian Capital Territory

The coat of arms of the City of Canberra, also known as Armorial Bearings (Coat of Arms) of the City of Canberra, was granted to the Federal Capital Commission, its successors and the City of Canberra by King George V in 1928.[1][2][3] It has been used by the Australian Capital Territory as its de facto coat of arms, as the territory does not have its own coat of arms.[4] A modified version of this coat of arms also appears on the flag of the Australian Capital Territory since 1993.

Coat of Arms of the City of Canberra
ArmigerCharles III of Australia in right of the Australian Capital Territory
Adopted1928
CrestOn a Wreath of the Colours in front of a Gum Tree issuant from a Mount proper a Portcullis chained Or ensigned with the Imperial Crown also proper.
BlazonAzure, a triple towered Castle between in chief a Sword of Justice point upwards to the sinister Argent, pommel and hilt Or, sur­ mounted by a Parliamentary Mace head upwards to the dexter Gold in saltire charged at their point of intersection with a repre­ sentation of the Imperial Crown proper and in base a Rose also Argent barbed and seeded proper (being the Rose of York).
SupportersOn the dexter side a Swan Sable beaked Gules and on the sinister side a white Swan proper.
MottoFor the King, the Law and the People

Symbolism

The various symbols of the coat of arms are explained below:

History

The creation of the Coat of Arms of the City of Canberra originated from a request by the Commonwealth Department of Defence to the Commonwealth Department of Home Affairs and Territories in July 1927. The request was made so that the Coat of Arms could be used on the newly commissioned ship, HMAS Canberra. In August 1927, the Federal Capital Commissioners (FCC) announced a competition to design a Coat of Arms for the FCC and for the City of Canberra.[1]

The Federal Capital Commission (FCC) commenced the competition to design a coat of arms for the City of Canberra in 1928.[1][7][8]

In April 1928, the design of one Mr C. R. Wylie, having won the competition, was sent to the College of Arms, in London, for approval. The coat of arms at this stage did not include a motto. After minor adjustments, King George V granted the design in pursuance of a Royal Warrant dated 8 October 1928. The College of Arms issued the official exemplification (artistic rendition) and blazon (description) on 7 November 1928, along with a crest.

Coat of Arms of the Australian Capital Territory

There is currently no coat of arms for the Australian Capital Territory, so instead, the coat of arms of the City of Canberra is often used in place as the territory coat of arms.[1] However, in March 2019, following the adoption of the Southern Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby as the mammal emblem for the territory, the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly is also considering the idea of a separate ACT Coat of Arms.[4] It is intended that the new ACT coat of arms be created in addition to the existing Canberra coat of arms.

References

  1. "ACT Flags and Emblems". Chief Minister, Treasury and Economic Development Directorate. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  2. "Symbols of parliament and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT)". ACT Legislative Assembly. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. "Armorial Bearings of the City of Canberra". ArchivesACT. ACT Government. Archived from the original on 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  4. "Should there be a Territory Coat of Arms?". ACT Legislative Assembly. 21 March 2019. Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  5. "Coat of Arms now Canberra's". Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  6. "FOR THE KING THE LAW AND THE MOB". Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  7. "Designs and Notes submitted in competition for Coat-of-Arms for Canberra". Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  8. "Proposal for the City of Canberra Coat of Arms". Retrieved 21 January 2017.
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