Cape (geography)

In geography, a cape is a headland or a promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea.[1] A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline, often making them important landmarks in sea navigation. This also makes them prone to natural forms of erosion, mainly tidal actions, which results in them having a relatively short geological lifespan. Capes can be formed by glaciers, volcanoes, and changes in sea level. Erosion plays a large role in each of these methods of formation.

Cape of Good Hope (left) and Cape Hangklip (right) in South Africa, from space
Cape Tindari and Marinello lagoons, Sicily

List of some well-known capes

Country Cape Significance
Albania Cape of Gjuhëz, Karaburun Peninsula
Cape of Rodon
Antarctica Cape Shirreff Land in the Antarctic Treaty area closest to a non-Antarctic territory
Cape Dubouzet Northeasternmost point of the Antarctic Peninsula
Argentina Cape Virgenes
Australia Cape Byron
Cape Leeuwin
Cape York
Brazil Cape São Roque
Ponta do Seixas (Cape Branco)
Bulgaria Cape Emine
Cape Kaliakra
Canada Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia
Cape Chidley, Newfoundland and Labrador / Nunavut
Cape Columbia, Nunavut Northernmost point in Canada 83°6′41″N 69°57′30″W
Cap Diamant, Quebec City
Cape Race, Newfoundland and Labrador
Cape Spear, Newfoundland and Labrador Easternmost point in Canada 47°31′25″N 52°37′10″W
Murchison Promontory, Nunavut Northern tip of mainland North America 72°00′00″N 94°38′59″W
Chile Cape Froward
Cape Horn Northern boundary of the Drake Passage
Meetingplace of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Cyprus Cape Greco
Djibouti and Eritrea Ras Doumeira Northernmost point in Djibouti
Southern point in Eritrea
Eritrea and Sudan Ras Kasar Northernmost point in Eritrea
Easternmost point in Sudan
France Cap Gris Nez Closest point of France to England
Germany Cape Arkona
Ghana Cape Coast
Greece Cape Matapan (Cape Tainaron), on Peloponnesus) Southern tip of mainland Europe 36°23′06″N 22°28′58″E
Greenland Cape Discord
Cape Farewell Southernmost point of Greenland 59°46′23″N 43°55′21″W
Cape Morris Jesup Northernmost point of mainland Greenland 83°37′39″N 32°39′52″W
India Cape Comorin Southernmost point of Mainland India, at the trijunction of Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and, Indian Ocean.
Cabo de Rama
Diu Head
False Divi Point
False Point
Headland Sada (Goa)
Indira Point Southernmost point of India, at the trijunction of Andaman Sea, Bay of Bengal and, the Strait of Malacca.
Palmyras Point
Point Calimere
Latvia Cape Kolka
Liberia Cape Mesurado Location of Monrovia
Cape Palmas Southernmost point in Liberia 4°22′34″N 7°43′01″W
Grand Cape Mount
Mauritania Cape Blanc
Malawi Cape Maclear
Malaysia Tanjung Harapan Located near the Northport in Port Klang, Selangor
Mexico Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur
Morocco Cape Juby
Cape Three Forks
Myanmar Cape Negrais Known as Pagoda Point or Mawtin Point (Mawtin Zoon). It is located 133 km to the NNE of Preparis Island and 193 km from the nearest point in the Indian union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
New Zealand Cape Egmont
Cape Foulwind
Cape Kidnappers
Cape Reinga
East Cape
North Cape
Norway Cape Nordkinn Northern tip of mainland Europe 71°08′02″N 27°39′00″E
North Cape
Verdens Ende
Pakistan Ras Muari
Ras Jaddi
Poland Cape Rozewie
Cape Rzucewo
Portugal Cabo da Roca Western tip of mainland Europe 38°46′5″N 9°30′2″W
Cape St. Vincent / Sagres Point Southwestern tip of mainland Europe 37°1′30″N 8°59′40″W
Philippines Cape Engaño
Russia Cape Chelyuskin Northern tip of mainland Asia 77°44′0″N 104°15′0″E
Cape Dezhnev Easternmost point in mainland Asia 66°4′45″N 169°39′7″W
Cape Idokopas Location of the Putin's Palace
Senegal Cap-Vert Westernmost point in mainland Africa 14°44′41″N 17°31′13″W
Location of Dakar (capital of Senegal)
Somalia Cape Guardafui Second easternmost point in mainland Africa 11°49′N 51°15′E
South Africa Cape Agulhas Southernmost point in mainland Africa 34°51′15″S 17°33′22″E
Beginning of dividing line between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans
Cape of Good Hope
South Korea Seopjikoji
Spain Cape Finisterre
Cape Trafalgar
Cape Gata
Tunisia Cap Bon
Ras ben Sakka Northernmost point in mainland Africa 37.350°N 9.750°E / 37.350; 9.750
Turkey Cape Baba Western tip of mainland Asia 39°28′46.88″N 26°3′50.29″E
Sarayburnu, Istanbul Easternmost point of Istanbul
Separates the Golden Horn Bay from the Sea of Marmara 41.0169°N 28.9864°E / 41.0169; 28.9864
United Kingdom Cape Cornwall, Cornwall
Cape Wrath, Scotland
United States
Cape Canaveral, Florida Location of Kennedy Space Center
Cape Charles, Virginia
Cape Cod, Massachusetts
Cape Coral, Florida
Cape Fear, North Carolina
Cape Flattery, Washington Northwest point of the contiguous United States
Capes on the Mississippi River
Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
Cape Henlopen, Delaware
Cape Henry, Virginia
Cape Lookout, North Carolina
Cape May, New Jersey
Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska
Cape San Blas, Florida
Cape Elizabeth, Maine
Cape Sable, Florida Southernmost point of the mainland United States 25°7′6″N 81°5′11″W
Venezuela Cape San Román Northernmost point of Paraguaná Peninsula 12°11′46″N 70°0′59″W
Vietnam Mũi Né

See also


  1. Whittow, John (1984). Dictionary of Physical Geography. London: Penguin, 1984, p. 80. ISBN 0-14-051094-X.
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