Camiguin de Babuyanes

Camiguin de Babuyanes is an active stratovolcano on Camiguin Island, part of the Babuyan Islands group that is located in Luzon Strait, north of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. The volcano and the island are within the jurisdiction of the municipality of Calayan, in the province of Cagayan. The island has a population of 5,231 people in 2020.[3]

Camiguin de Babuyanes
Camiguin de Babuyanes Volcano
Map of the Philippines
Highest point
Elevation712 m (2,336 ft)[1]
Prominence712 m (2,336 ft)
Coordinates18°50′00″N 121°51′36″E
Area166 km2 (64 sq mi)[2]
LocationCamiguin Island, Calayan, Cagayan, Philippines
Age of rockPliocene
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Volcanic arcBabuyan (Bashi) Segment of Luzon-Taiwan Arc
Last eruption1857[1]

Physical features

The well-forested Mount Camiguin or Camiguin de Babuyanes, to distinguish it from Camiguin of Mindanao, has an elevation of 712 metres (2,336 ft) asl, and a base diameter of 3,200 metres (10,500 ft). It occupies the southwest tip of 22 km (14 mi) long Camiguin Island.[1]

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHILVOCS) lists Camiguin de Babuyanes as one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines.

All volcanoes in the Philippines are part of the Pacific ring of fire.


An eruption was recorded around 1857. It was reported as phreatic and possibly partly submarine.

In 1991, there were reports of volcanic activity but instrumental investigations showed no sign of unusual volcanic activity, such as intense fumarolic activity, felt earthquakes, fissuring at the volcano's slopes, or smell of sulphur.

Another report of volcanic unrest was reported in 1993 but an aerial survey of the volcano proved no signs of activity.[4]


Formation of the island started during the Pliocene era with an andesitic volcano, followed by the subsidiary cones of Minabel to the north and Caanoan in the eastern part of the island.

See also


  1. "Camiguin de Babuyanes". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. Genevieve Broad; Carl Oliveros. "Biodiversity and conservation priority setting in the Babuyan Islands, Philippines" (PDF). The Technical Journal of Philippine Ecosystems and Natural Resources. 15 (1–2): 1–30. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  3. Census of Population (2020). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. "Camiguin de Babuyanes Archived 2011-09-01 at the Wayback Machine". Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHILVOCS). Retrieved on October 13, 2010.
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