Burnett River

The Burnett River is a river located in the Wide Bay–Burnett and Central Queensland regions of Queensland, Australia.

Burnett
The Burnett River with the city of Bundaberg on either side
Location of Burnett River mouth in Queensland
EtymologyJames Charles Burnett[1]
Location
CountryAustralia
StateQueensland
RegionsCentral Queensland, Wide Bay–Burnett
CitiesMundubbera, Gayndah, Wallaville, Bundaberg, Burnett Heads
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Gaeta, Great Dividing Range
  locationnear Monto
  coordinates24°51′S 151°36′E
MouthCoral Sea
  location
Burnett Heads
  coordinates
24°45′16″S 152°23′48″E
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length435 km (270 mi)
Basin size32,220 km2 (12,440 sq mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
  rightThree Moon Creek, Nogo River, Auburn River, Boyne River, Barambah Creek
ReservoirParadise Dam
[2]

Course and features

The Burnett River at Mundubbera
Bridges across the river in Bundaberg

The Burnett River rises in the Burnett Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, close to Mount Gaeta and east of Monto. It drains a basin covering 33,210 km² which is 1.9% of the total area of Queensland.[3]

The river flows generally south past Eidsvold and Mundubbera before heading east, adjacent to the townships of Gayndah and Wallaville before entering the city of Bundaberg. The river flows into the Coral Sea at Burnett Heads, roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Bundaberg. The river descends 485 metres (1,591 ft) over its 435-kilometre (270 mi) course.[2]

The Burnett River region is largely given over to growing sugar cane and small crops. The river is part of the Brigalow Belt and South East Queensland bioregions.[3]

Three Moon Creek

Three Moon Creek rises near Kroombit Tops National Park north of Monto and flows south through Monto and Mulgildie, is dammed near Cania Gorge to form Lake Cania, before emptying into the Burnett River south-east of Abercorn.

Nogo River

The Nogo River rises in the hills north-west of Monto, is dammed west of Abercorn to form Wuruma Lake, and flows south-east to join the Burnett near Ceratodus.

Auburn River

The Auburn River rises in the hills about 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Cracow, flows south before swinging to the north-east at its confluence with Johnson Creek, passing through the Auburn River National Park, a little-known and untouched piece of pristine bush including Auburn Waterfall, and flows into the Burnett River west of Mundubbera.

Boyne River

The Boyne River rises in the Bunya Mountains National Park south-west of Kingaroy and flows in a general northerly direction, is dammed near Proston to form Lake Boondooma, emptying into the Burnett River near Mundubbera, only 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the Burnett River-Auburn River confluence.

Barambah Creek

Barambah Creek rises in the hills between Kingaroy and the Sunshine Coast, north of Jimna and flows in a general northerly direction, it flows just below the dam wall of Lake Barambah, also known as Bjelke-Petersen Dam, before meeting the Burnett River north-east of Gayndah near Ban Ban Springs.[2]

History

Prehistory

The Burnett River area was historically inhabited by the Taribelang Aboriginal tribe.

European exploration

The river is named after James Charles Burnett, the first European explorer to visit the river in 1847.[1]

Dam construction

Construction of the Paradise Dam on the Burnett River, 80 kilometres (50 mi) upstream from Bundaberg, was completed in November 2005. The dam reservoir has a capacity of 300,000 megalitres (6.6×1010 imp gal; 7.9×1010 US gal). Named after the old gold mining township of Paradise, which is now submerged under the waters of the reservoir, all of the structures and artefacts found at the site were transferred to the nearby town of Biggenden. The design of the dam complies with environmental guidelines and includes a fish ladder that allows fish such as the Queensland lungfish to travel upstream as well as downstream from the dam wall.

Fish

The Burnett River, together with the nearby Mary River, is home to the Queensland lungfish, one of the most ancient of the extant vertebrate species.

See also

References

  1. Reed, A. W. (1973). Place Names of Australia. Sydney: A. H. & A. W. Reed. p. 49. ISBN 0-589-07115-7.
  2. "Map of Burnett River, QLD". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  3. Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Government (2013). "Burnett drainage basin — facts and maps". wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
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