Breakfast Creek

The Breakfast Creek (Aboriginal: Barrambin[2]) is a small urban stream that is a tributary of the Brisbane River, located in suburban Brisbane in the South East region of Queensland, Australia.

Breakfast
Enoggera Creek
Breakfast Creek
Location of the Breakfast Creek mouth in Queensland
EtymologyDerived from breakfast[1]
Native nameBarrambin (Aboriginal)
Location
CountryAustralia
StateQueensland
RegionSouth East Queensland
CityBrisbane
Physical characteristics
SourceD'Aguilar Range
  locationD'Aguilar National Park
Source confluenceEnoggera Creek
  locationHerston
  coordinates27°26′41″S 153°1′59″E
  elevation2 m (6 ft 7 in)
Mouthconfluence with the Brisbane River
  location
Albion, Newstead
  coordinates
27°26′31″S 153°2′51″E
  elevation
1 m (3 ft 3 in)
Length2 km (1.2 mi)
Basin features
River systemBrisbane River

Course and features

Rising as the Enoggera Creek that drains the D'Aguilar Range in the D'Aguilar National Park, Breakfast Creek forms near Herston where it flows a short meandering course of 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) before reaching its confluence with the Brisbane River at Newstead, next to Newstead Park. Travelling up the Brisbane River the creek is the first to join the river on its northern banks.

The heritage-listed Breakfast Creek Hotel is located near the confluence with the Brisbane River and is known for serving XXXX beer exclusively from wooden barrels.[3]

The shorter race in the annual Bridge to Brisbane fun run starts at the Breakfast Creek bridge.

History

John Oxley and Allan Cunningham met members of an aboriginal clan at the mouth of the creek in 1824. After they had breakfast at the site minor conflict with the aboriginals arose after one of them grabbed Oxley's hat. Oxley named the waterway in remembrance of the incident.[1]

An important Aboriginal camping ground occupied the Breakfast Creek / Hamilton area until it was broken up by police raids in the 1860s. The camp was one of the major sources from which local Aboriginal people supplied the Moreton Bay colony with fish. It was also where Aboriginal leader Dalaipi spoke his famous 'Indictments' which were published in the Moreton Bay Courier in 1858.

One of the white first settlers on the creek was Patrick Leslie who in 1845 built the still-standing Newstead House. Brisbane's Cantonese community, who had established businesses in Fortitude Valley and built the Temple of the Holy Triad in 1886, settled in the flats around Breakfast Creek and Eagle Farm.[4] During dry times in the early colony of Moreton Bay, when water from the Roma Street reservoir was depleted, supplies were carted from Breakfast Creek.[5]

Various streets close to Breakfast Creek were affected by Brisbane floods in 1893, 1974 and in 2011.

Bridges

A number of floods destroyed early bridges across the creek. The first permanent bridge was built in 1858 using ironbark.[1] As the timber of the bridge eroded, a second metal bridge was built in 1889. As traffic levels over the bridge increased, it became necessary to build a third larger concrete bridge in 1958, which stands to this day (2017).[6]

Remnants of the second bridge can still be seen and are listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register.[7]

A new rail bridge as part of Cross River Rail is due for operation by 2025.[8]

See also

References

  1. "Breakfast Creek". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  2. Petrie, Thomas (1992). "Chapter 11". Reminiscences of Early Queensland. Vol. 1. St Lucia, Queensland: University of Queensland Press. p. 188. ISBN 0-7022-2383-2.
  3. "Breakfast Creek Hotel celebrates 125 years". 14 May 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  4. Gregory, Helen (2007). Brisbane Then and Now. Wingfield, South Australia: Salamander Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-1-74173-011-1.
  5. Laverty, John (2009). The Making of a Metropolis: Brisbane 1823—1925. Salisbury, Queensland: Boolarong Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-9751793-5-2.
  6. Blogger user: the foto fanatic. "Breakfast Creek Bridge". Your Brisbane: Past and Present. Blogger. Retrieved 31 January 2014. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  7. "Remnants of the 2nd Breakfast Creek Bridge (North)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  8. Ben Propert (20 September 2021). Around the Sites - July - September 2021. Cross River Rail. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
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