Bondowoso Regency

Bondowoso Regency is a landlocked regency in East Java, Indonesia.[2] It covers an area of 1,560.10 km2, and had a population of 736,772 at the 2010 Census[3] and 776,151 at the 2020 Census.[4] The most common languages are Madurese and Javanese, although Madurese is the majority. The nearest large city is Surabaya, approximately five hours' drive away.

Bondowoso Regency
Kabupaten Bondowoso
Assistant Resident Bondowoso in 1930 (1930)
Motto: 
Swasthi Bhuwana Krta
Location within East Java
Bondowoso Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Bondowoso Regency
Bondowoso Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7.9404°S 113.9834°E / -7.9404; 113.9834
Country Indonesia
ProvinceEast Java
CapitalBondowoso
Government
  RegentAmin Said Husni
  Vice RegentSalwa Arifin
Area
  Total1,560.10 km2 (602.36 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
  Total776,151
  Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 332
Websitebondowosokab.go.id

The administrative centre of the regency is the provincial town of Bondowoso, after which the regency in named. Common in most provincial towns is a park in the city centre, called "Alun-Alun"; Bondowoso is no exception. In the backdrop of the park is a view of a mountain ("gunung").

Tourist spots include Kawah Ijen, a crater lake. Kawah Ijen is managed jointly by two local governments, Bondowoso Regency and Banyuwangi Regency.[5] In addition to the crater, other tourist destinations in Bondowoso are Tancak Kembar in Pakem and Air Terjun Belawan Sempol. A hike or climb to the crater takes around 1.5 to 3 hours. Other spots are Gunung Merapi and waterfalls.

Bondowoso town is known for its dessert, "tape" (pronounced "tah-peh"), to the extent that it is named "Tape city". Tape is tapioca with a kind of flour added that acts as a preservative. Medium-sized slices of tape are wrapped in banana leaves and kept in a light container for five days to be fermented prior to being consumed.

There is an Arabic community living in the area for some time, since before the Dutch occupation. They live in a place called "Kampung Arab" (Arabs Compound) on Imam Bonjol Street.

Administrative districts

The Regency is divided into twenty-three districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their population totals from the 2010 Census[6] and the 2020 Census.[7] The former Sempol District, in the far southeast of the regency, which contains the crater lake of Kawah Ijen, has been renamed Ijen District. The table also includes the location of the district headquarters and the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district.

NameArea
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010[8]
Pop'n
Census
2020[9]
Admin
centre
Number
of
villages
Maesan56.0845,82448,076Maesan12
Grujugan74.4534,38137,114Taman11
Tamanan28.1535,62138,414Tamanan9
Jambesari Darus Sholah30.1133,72336,086Jambesari9
Pujer39.8937,60040,226Kejayan11
Tlogosari110.9244,03345,704Pakistan10
Sukosari23.1714,98715,527Sukosari Lor4
Sumber Wringin137.9532,94534,231Sumber Wringin6
Tapen57.0433,07234,040Tapen9
Wonosari42.2838,49839,762Wonosari12
Tenggarang25.8039,87442,639Tenggarang12
Bondowoso (town)23.1670,96376,422Dabasah11
Curahdami50.2931,37633,140Curahdami12
Binakal39.0415,17317,030Binakal8
Pakem62.0821,35223,108Patemon8
Wringin58.0139,42340,076Wringin13
Tegalampel37.0324,48326,161Sekarputih8
Taman Krocok53.0016,23716,711Taman Krocok7
Klabang91.2018,41318,378Klabang11
Ijen207.2011,25211,896Ijen6
Botolinggo127.4128,80129,937Lumutan8
Prajekan56.6525,11625,581Prajekan Lor7
Cermee129.2043,62545,892Cernee15
Totals1,560.10736,772776,151Bondowoso219

Megalithic artifacts

There are more than 1000 megalithic artifacts found in the villages around Bondowoso, such as menhirs (standing stones), sarcophagi, statues, dolmens (lying stones or tomb tables) and caves. A common megalith type found in Indonesia is the batu kenong with a shape resembling a local musical instrument. The Bondowoso Regency contains up to 400 batu kenong, the highest concentration in Indonesia. An easily accessible location with a wide variety of megaliths is the Pekauman Site at kilometer 8 on the Jember-Bondowoso road.[10]

Climate

Bondowoso has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from May to October and heavy to very heavy rainfall from November to April.

Climate data for Bondowoso
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
30.1
(86.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
30.3
(86.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.7
(89.1)
32.3
(90.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75.0)
24.7
(76.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
Average low °C (°F) 19.7
(67.5)
19.7
(67.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.6
(67.3)
19.0
(66.2)
18.1
(64.6)
17.0
(62.6)
17.3
(63.1)
17.7
(63.9)
18.4
(65.1)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
18.7
(65.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 377
(14.8)
333
(13.1)
306
(12.0)
168
(6.6)
107
(4.2)
42
(1.7)
39
(1.5)
27
(1.1)
35
(1.4)
87
(3.4)
169
(6.7)
295
(11.6)
1,985
(78.1)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

See also

  •  Indonesia portal
  • 64.25577279031161, -21.124882657270263 - well done

References

  1. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th ed.). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. pp. 292–293, 294. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.
  3. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. bondowoso
  6. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  10. Alez Kurniawan (December 9, 2014). "In search of megaliths in Bondowoso".
  11. "Climate: Bondowoso". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 15 November 2020.

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