Bass (fish)

Bass (/bæs/) is a name shared by many species of fish. The term encompasses both freshwater and marine species, all belonging to the large order Perciformes, or perch-like fishes. The word bass comes from Middle English bars, meaning 'perch'.[1]

Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)

Types

Other species known as bass

Micropterus salmoides — largemouth bass with assorted sunfish

Many species are also known as basses,[2] including:

  • The Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, is a member of the temperate perch family Percichthyidae.
  • The black sea bass, Centropristis striata, is a member of the sea bass and sea grouper family Serranidae.
  • The Chilean sea bass, Dissostichus eleginoides, also known as the Patagonian toothfish, is a member of the cod icefish family Nototheniidae.
  • The giant sea bass Stereolepis gigas, also known as the black sea bass, is a member of the wreckfish family Polyprionidae.
  • The "lanternbellies" or "temperate ocean-basses", Acropomatidae.
  • The "butterfly peacock bass", Cichla ocellaris, is a member of the cichlid family, Cichlidae and a prized game fish along with its relatives in the genus Cichla.

Fishing

Largemouth, smallmouth, and spotted bass are the most popular game fish in North America.

It is also very popular in South Africa. In the country, largemouth bass is often found in lakes, rivers, creeks, and dams.

When fishing, lures (Bass worms) or live bait will work. Lures that mimic baitfish, worms, crayfish, frogs, and mice are all effective.

References

  1. "Bass1". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Archived from the original on 2005-01-13.
  2. "List of Common Names with bass". FishBase. Retrieved 6 June 2006.
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