Asri Muda

Mohd Asri bin Muda (Jawi: محمد عصري بن مودا; 10 October 1923 – 28 August 1992) was a Malaysian politician who served as the President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1969 to 1982,[1] and as the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Kelantan.[2]

Mohd Asri Muda
PMN SPMK SPDK
محمد عصري مودا
3rd Leader of the Opposition
In office
1971–1973
MonarchAbdul Halim
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak Hussein
Preceded byTan Chee Khoon
Succeeded byLim Kit Siang
4th President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
In office
1969–1982
Preceded byBurhanuddin al-Helmy
Succeeded byYusof Rawa
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
In office
1964–1974
Preceded byIshak Lotfi Omar
Succeeded byMohamed Nasir
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1971–1973
Preceded byTan Chee Khoon
(Position vacant during parliament suspension 1969-1971)
Succeeded byLim Kit Siang
Personal details
Born
Mohd Asri bin Muda

(1923-10-10)10 October 1923
Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Unfederated Malay States, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died28 August 1992(1992-08-28) (aged 68)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Resting placeBukit Kiara Muslim Cemetery, Kuala Lumpur
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyPAS (until 1983)
HAMIM (1983–1988)
UMNO (1989–1992)
SpouseSakinah Junid
Children9

Early and personal life

Asri was born on 10 October 1923 in Kota Bharu, the capital of Kelantan. He was a school teacher and journalist before entering politics. He was elected to the Kelantan State Assembly and the federal House of Representatives in the 1959 election. He married to Sakinah Junid on August 15, 1948 and has 9 children, 2 males and 7 females, namely Noordianauli Asri, Husni Zaim, Ratna Inzah, Mutia Sabihah, Naliyah, Khalidah, Nasibah, Najah and Mohd Taqiuddin [3]

Menteri Besar of Kelantan

Asri became the Menteri Besar of Kelantan in 1964, replacing Ishak Lotfi Omar.[4] He served as Menteri Besar until 1974, when he resigned to become a Minister in the federal government.[3]

PAS Presidency

Under Asri's leadership, PAS became a member of the governing Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition for the first and only time, from 1973 to 1978. Asri became the Minister for Land and Rural Development in the BN government.[1] Asri's leadership was also notable for the shifting of PAS's outlook towards Malay nationalism. Both joining the BN coalition and moving away from religious-based policy platforms caused the party to lose support.[5] In 1982, Asri was ousted as PAS leader by the religious ulama faction of the party, to be replaced by Yusof Rawa.[6] After Asri's tenure, PAS shifted to a more radical religious platform.[6]

After PAS

Following his loss of the PAS presidency, Asri refrained from joining the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) or Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (BERJASA),[7] decided to form his own Muslim People's Party of Malaysia or Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (HAMIM) in 1983 but failed to achieve any electoral success.[3] He resigned from HAMIM together with other party representatives on 17 November 1988 after his attempt to dissolve HAMIM in an Extraordinary Muktamar failed.[8] In 1988, he finally joined PAS's rivals, the UMNO, claiming that PAS had "deviated" and had been "infiltrated by extremist foreign elements".[9][10]

Honours

Honours of Malaysia

See also

References

  1. Ibrahim Abu Bakar (2009). "PAS and Its Islamist Fundamentalism in Malaysia Ibrahim Abu Bakar" (PDF). Journal of Human Sciences. 7 (43).
  2. Husin Ali (2008). The Malays, their problems and future. The Other Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-983-9541-62-5.
  3. Leifer, Michael (2001). Dictionary of the modern politics of South-East Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 0-415-23875-7.
  4. "Former Kelantan MB Ishak dies". New Straits Times. 13 May 1992. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  5. Matheson Hooker, Virginia; Norani Othman (2003). Malaysia: Islam, society and politics. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 204. ISBN 981-230-161-5.
  6. Matheson Hooker, Virginia; Norani Othman (2003). Malaysia: Islam, society and politics. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 222. ISBN 981-230-161-5.
  7. "No Plans By Asri To Join UMNO Or Berjasa" (PDF). The Star. 11 February 1983. Retrieved 18 April 2010 via Perdana Leadership Foundation Library.
  8. Samsul Adabi Mamat (28 June 2015). "Nasib Parti-parti Serpihan". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  9. Maria Samad (7 December 1988). "Asri: I'm no opportunist". New Straits Times. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  10. "Dissidents and Umno Baru can't discount Pas factor". New Straits Times. 28 September 1988. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  11. "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  12. "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1992" (PDF). Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  13. "Anugerah hari keputeraan Sultan". Berita Harian. 18 July 1965. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  14. "Sultan Kedah antara 162 yang terima pingat kehormatan". Berita Harian. 11 July 1969. p. 5.
  15. Hussein and Rahah get top Sabah awards. New Straits Times. 14 September 1974. p. 1.
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