Aishah Ghani

Aishah binti Ghani (Jawi: عائشة بنت غاني; 15 December 1923 – 19 April 2013)[1][2] was a Malaysian politician who served as Minister of Social Welfare from 1973 to 1984 and Head of Wanita UMNO women's Malaysia from 1972 to 1984.

Aishah Ghani
عائشة غاني
Minister of Social Welfare
In office
11 October 1983  14 July 1984
MonarchsAhmad Shah
Iskandar
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byHerself (as Minister of General Welfare)
Succeeded byAbu Hassan Omar
Minister of General Welfare
In office
1 March 1973  10 October 1983
MonarchsAbdul Halim
Yahya Petra
Ahmad Shah
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak Hussein
Hussein Onn
Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded byFatimah Hashim
Succeeded byHerself (as Minister of Social Welfare)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Kuala Langat
In office
1974–1986
Preceded byMohd Tahir Abdul Majid
Succeeded byBasri Bajuri
Personal details
Born(1923-12-15)15 December 1923
Hulu Langat, Selangor, Federated Malay States, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Died19 April 2013(2013-04-19) (aged 89)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Resting placeBukit Kiara Muslim Cemetery, Kuala Lumpur
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
Other political
affiliations
Barisan Nasional (BN)
SpouseAbdul Aziz Abu Hassan

Background

Born in Kampung Sungai Serai, Hulu Langat, Selangor, Aishah was a Minangkabau descent from Sijunjung, West Sumatra. She acquired education early in Bukit Raya Malay School, Cheras, Selangor. Ghani attended secondary school at the Diniyah Putri school[3] in Padang Panjang, West Sumatra, Indonesia, from 1936 to 1939. The school had been founded by Rahmah el Yunusiyah in 1923.[3] In the year 1940 until 1943, she joined the College of Islamic Universities in Padang, West Sumatra, and then went to London in April 1955 and graduated journalism from Regent Street Polytechnic in London in December 1958.

Political career

Aishah's involvement in politics began as soon as the Malay Nationalist Party (PKMM) was founded in 1945, and she became a member of the women's wing and thus led the so-called Conscious Women's Front (AWAS).

At that time, she also worked as a journalist Pelita Malaya, PKMM official tongue. Aisha out of AWAS in 1946 (AWAS then banned by the government in 1948) and joined the rally which demanded independence at the Sultan Sulaiman Club, Kuala Lumpur, in March the same year. She joined Umno New Village in 1949 and was appointed as secretary.

Aishah on her return from her studies in London in 1959, worked as a journalist again, this time for the Berita Harian, as well as the editor in Group Releases New Straits Times. She put both her office in 1963 when she became a member of the UMNO Supreme Council and vice-chairman of Wanita Umno. On 13 September 1962, she was appointed the Senator and assented to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

She was the first woman in Malaysia to be a senator and was Malaysia's first woman representative to the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). From 1967 to 1972, Aisha was Malaysia's representative to the United Nations Conference on the Status of Women Commission. She also served as Secretary of State for Wanita Umno Selangor between 1960 and 1972.

In 1972, Aishah was appointed the Chief of UMNO Wanita Malaysia, an organisation which she headed for 12 years until 1984. On 1 March 1973, she was appointed as Minister of Social Welfare after the retirement of Fatimah Hashim and held this position for 11 years before ending her service in 1984. During her tenure as Minister of General Welfare, she launched the Yayasan Kebajikan Negara (National Welfare Foundation) (YKN), an organisation that is still functioning today. Aishah was Permanent Chairman of UMNO Wanita Malaysia from 1986 until 2013.

After career

After her political career, Aishah became as a chairman of the Malaysian Handicraft Development Corporation (Kraftangan Malaysia) from 1985 until 1997. She was a member of the Tun Abdul Razak Foundation, and Chairman of the Centre for Protection of Women Darsaadah. Also, she is Chairman of the Koperasi Wanita Jaya Murni Berhad since its inception in 1975. As if this was not enough, Aishah also devoted her time in the field of business, and was the chairman and / or director for at least seven private limited companies.

Death

Aishah died on 19 April 2013 at the age of 90.[4] She was buried at Bukit Kiara Muslim Cemetery, Kuala Lumpur.

Honours

Honours of Malaysia

Awards and recognitions

Honours

  • 1966 : Johan Mangku Negara (J.M.N.) by His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong[5]
  • 1977 : Dato' Paduka Mahkota Selangor Second Class (DPMS) which carries the title 'Datin Paduka' by the Sultan of Selangor
  • 1985 : Panglima Mangku Negara (P.M.N.) which carries the title Tan Sri by His Majesty the Yang di-Pertuan Agong[5]
  • 1986 : Honorary Doctorate of Law by Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • 1999 : Seri Paduka Mahkota Selangor First Class (SPMS) which carries the title 'Datin Paduka Seri' by the Sultan of Selangor
  • 2002 : Honorary Doctorate in Political Science by the National University of Malaysia (UKM).

Places named after her

Several places were named after her, including:

  • Kolej Tan Sri Aishah Ghani, a residential college at Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Bintong, Perlis

References

  1. "Tan Sri Datin Paduka Seri Hajah Aishah Ghani". National Archives of Malaysia. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  2. "Tan Sri Datin Paduka Seri Hajah Aishah Ghani". National Archives of Malaysia. Retrieved 2 October 2018. (in Malay)
  3. Busschers, Iris; Kamphuis, Kirsten; Kloos, David (2020). "Teachers, missionaries, and activists: female religious leadership and social mobility in Southeast Asia, 1920s-1960s" (PDF). The Study. Spring (85) via IIAS.
  4. "Umno Veteran Aishah Ghani Dies". The Star. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  5. "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  6. "DPMS 1977". awards.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
  7. "SPMS 1999". awards.selangor.gov.my. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
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