Aberdeen, Maryland

Aberdeen is a city located in Harford County, Maryland, United States, 26 miles (42 km) northeast of Baltimore.[2] The population was 16,254 at the 2020 United States Census. Aberdeen is the largest municipality in Harford County.

Aberdeen, Maryland
Bel Air Avenue in downtown Aberdeen, 2016.
Nickname: 
"All America City"
Motto: 
"The Future of Harford!"
Aberdeen, Maryland
Aberdeen, Maryland
Aberdeen, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°30′37″N 76°10′9″W
Country United States
State Maryland
CountyHarford
Incorporated1892
Government
  MayorPatrick McGrady
Area
  Total6.60 sq mi (17.10 km2)
  Land6.59 sq mi (17.08 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
95 ft (29 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total16,254
  Density2,464.59/sq mi (951.62/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
21001
Area code410
FIPS code24-00125
GNIS feature ID0582854
WebsiteOfficial Website

Aberdeen is part of the Baltimore-Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which is the 20th-largest United States metropolitan area. The nearest city to Aberdeen is Havre de Grace, 4.8 miles (7.7 km) to the northeast.

History

Aberdeen was named after Aberdeen, Scotland, by immigrating Scots.

The James B. Baker House, Chestnut Ridge, Griffith House, Poplar Hill, Sophia's Dairy, and Swansbury are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

Early settlements

Aberdeen began as a farming community in 1720, when Charles Calvert, the fifth Lord Baltimore, granted 1,140 acres of fertile land to Edward Hall. Located on the western edge of the Chesapeake on the main road between Alexandria and Philadelphia called the Old Post Road, the village at Halls Cross Road remained small until the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad scouted the area for a watering station in 1835. One of the railroad companies engineers was Edmund Law Rogers who saw the great potential in the place for development.

Village of Aberdeen

The Village of Aberdeen was a development by Edmund Law Rogers around 1800.[2] The name originated from its mother city, Aberdeen, Scotland, as a result of the close relationship the Rogers family of Baltimore had with their cousin, the Earl of Aberdeen, who became Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1852.[4] The area now known as Aberdeen is a cluster of three communities[5][6]

As a town

In 1892, Aberdeen was incorporated as a town, under Chapter 136 of the Acts of 1892.[10]

Board of commissioners

Upon incorporation as a town, the Aberdeen government was led by a board of commissioners.[11]

  • 1892–1905, a Board President was elected annually by the commissioners
  • 1906–1954, this election was changed to be biennial
  • 1955–1992, the election of a Board President was changed back to be annual

In 1992, the Town of Aberdeen revised the Charter and became the City of Aberdeen with an Elected Mayor. The first mayor of the City of Aberdeen was Ruth Elliot. The second mayor was Doug Wilson, and Fred Simmons was elected mayor in 2005. Michael Bennett served as mayor from 2007 to 2015. In 2015, Patrick McGrady was elected Mayor of Aberdeen and is currently serving a 4-year term.

As a city

In 1992, Aberdeen was incorporated as a city.

2018 shooting

On September 20, 2018, 26-year-old Snochia Moseley opened fire at a Rite Aid she temporarily worked at. She killed three people and injured three others before turning the gun on herself.[12]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.81 square miles (17.64 km2), of which, 6.80 square miles (17.61 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[13]

The city of Aberdeen is located at the north end of Upper Chesapeake Bay.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Aberdeen has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[14]

Attractions

B.&.O. Railroad Station

The B.&.O. Aberdeen Station is a historic train station in downtown Aberdeen. It was designed by Frank Furness and built in 1885 by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The Historical Society of Harford County is currently in search of funding to save the station from being demolished.

Ripken Stadium

Ripken Stadium is the home of the Aberdeen IronBirds, located on Maryland Route 22, and named after former Baltimore Orioles star player Cal Ripken. Across the street is The Ripken Experience, a baseball complex with ten youth fields for tournaments, camps and clinics. The fields are scaled replicas of current and former MLB stadiums.

Aberdeen Festival Park

Aberdeen Festival Park is located in the heart of downtown on North Parke Street in Aberdeen. It is home to many city events such as the Aberdeen Farmers Market. It has an outside field, a playground and is home to the APG Memorial.

Victory Street Park

Victory Street Park on Victory St. features a playground, basketball court, disc-golf, and a dog park.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880101
1890448343.6%
190060033.9%
19106162.7%
19201,06773.2%
19301,24016.2%
19401,52523.0%
19502,94493.0%
19609,679228.8%
197012,37527.9%
198011,533−6.8%
199013,08713.5%
200013,8425.8%
201014,9598.1%
202016,2548.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

2000 census

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 13,842 people, 5,475 households, and 3,712 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,166.2 inhabitants per square mile (836.4/km2). There were 5,894 housing units at an average density of 922.4 per square mile (356.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.90% White, 27.38% African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.48% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.45% of the population.

There were 5,475 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,190, and the median income for a family was $48,357. Males had a median income of $32,783 versus $26,025 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,940. About 9.0% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census[17] of 2010, there were 14,959 people, 5,801 households, and 3,897 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,199.9 inhabitants per square mile (849.4/km2). There were 6,191 housing units at an average density of 910.4 per square mile (351.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 58.9% White, 30.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.4% of the population.

There were 5,801 households, of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.8% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

Transportation

I-95 northbound in Aberdeen

Roads and highways

Several major highways serve Aberdeen, with the most prominent of these being Interstate 95. I-95 briefly crosses the northwestern corner of Aberdeen and provides access to many major cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and New York City. Access to Aberdeen is provided via an interchange with Maryland Route 22, which also connects directly to the Aberdeen Proving Grounds as well as to Bel Air, the county seat. U.S. Route 40 also serves the city, running parallel to I-95 from Baltimore to Wilmington and serving as an alternate route. Other state highways serving Aberdeen include Maryland Route 7, Maryland Route 132, Maryland Route 159, Maryland Route 462 and Maryland Route 715.

Rail transport

The city of Aberdeen is located on the old Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad which is now operated by CSX. The new Aberdeen station is located on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor main line is served by Amtrak Northeast Regional, Maryland Area Regional Commuter (MARC) Penn Line trains and local buses. Located just south of the East Coast Greenway, the city has access to a walking and biking trail network linking the major cities along the U.S. east coast.

Local transportation

The city of Aberdeen is part of the Harford Transit LINK public bus system. Routes 1 (Green Line), 2 (Blue Line), 3 (Silver Line) and 5 (Teal Line) connect Aberdeen with Havre de Grace, Bel Air, Edgewood, Joppatowne and Perryville. Route 4 (Yellow Line) is the Aberdeen Circulator which services the different neighborhoods within the city of Aberdeen.

Government

Since its incorporation as a city, Aberdeen has had a council-manager form of government.[18] The Mayor and Council are elected to four-year terms in November, with terms beginning in November. The Mayor and Council define policy and appoint the City Manager who may be dismissed at any time, by vote of the Council. The City Manager, with the approval of the Council, appoints all officers and department heads who may be dismissed for cause by action of the City Manager.

Mayors of Aberdeen

  • Ruth Elliott, 19921994
  • Charles R. Boutin, 19941998
  • Douglas S. Wilson, 19982005
  • S. Fred Simmons, 20052007
  • Michael E. Bennett, 2007–2015
  • Patrick McGrady, 2015–present

Aberdeen City Council

The city council[19] and mayor are elected by voters to 4-year terms beginning in November 2011. Their current terms expire in 2023.

  • Patrick L. McGrady, Mayor
  • Adam Hiob, Council President
  • Sandra Landbeck, Councilwoman
  • Timothy Lindecamp, Councilman
  • Tandra Ridgley, Councilwoman

Harford County Council

Council District E

  • Jessica Boyle-Tsottles [20] (Republican)

Maryland General Assembly

State Senate, District 34

  • State Senator Mary-Dulany James[21] (Democrat)

House of Delegates, District 34A

  • Andre Johnson Jr[22] (Democrat)
  • Steve Johnson(Democrat)

Congressional Delegation

US Senate

US House of Representatives, 1st Congressional District

Aberdeen Proving Ground

Aberdeen is home to the U.S. Army's Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG). The proving ground was established by Act of Congress and came into operation in January 1918. APG is headquarters of the United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC). The proving ground occupies more than 72,500 acres (293 km2) in Harford County. More than 7,500 civilians and 5,000 military personnel work at APG.

Notable people and groups

  • William Benjamin Baker, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 2nd District, from 1895 to 1901
  • Linwood Clark, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 2nd District, 19291931; born in Aberdeen on March 21, 1876
  • Les German, Major League Baseball pitcher, trap-shooter
  • David Grace (basketball), UCLA and Oregon State University basketball coach (USAF retired) [25]
  • Michael D. Griffin, head administrator of NASA
  • E. J. Henderson, Minnesota Vikings football player, former Maryland Terrapin
  • Erin Henderson, Minnesota Vikings football player, former Maryland Terrapin
  • Jai Lewis, college basketball player (George Mason Patriots)
  • Gary Neal, NBA player for Washington Wizards
  • Irv Pankey, Aberdeen High School, 2-time wrestling state champion (19751976); Penn State offensive lineman (19761980); NFL: Los Angeles Rams (19801990) Indianapolis Colts (1991–1992)
  • Cal Ripken Sr., longtime coach and manager in the Baltimore Orioles organization and father of Cal Ripken Jr. and Billy Ripken.
  • Billy Ripken, infielder for Baltimore Orioles and brother of Cal Ripken Jr.
  • Cal Ripken Jr., baseball Hall of Famer and Baltimore Orioles legend, grew up in Aberdeen and was a student at Aberdeen High School
  • Richard Slutzky, "Coach Slutzky", honoree of National Wrestling Hall of Fame, longtime Aberdeen High School coach
  • Lisa Welch, model, Playboy Playmate of the Month, September 1980
  • Steven M. Wise, animal rights lawyer and scholar, inducted into Aberdeen High School Hall of Fame
  • Frank Zappa, musician, lived in Aberdeen for a short period, father worked at APG
  • Ballyhoo!, reggae rock band
  • Moor Mother, musician, poet, activist

Aberdeen IronBirds

Cal Ripken Jr. and brother Billy are owners of the Aberdeen IronBirds minor league baseball team, which plays at Ripken Stadium.

Media

Aberdeen's local radio station is WAMD, broadcasting at 970 on the AM dial. Local newspaper coverage is provided by Harford County publications The Aegis and The Record. Electronic media covering Aberdeen issues is Aberdeen Patch and The Dagger Press.

Aberdeen is served by Baltimore television stations, however it is not uncommon for residents to also get Philadelphia and Harrisburg-Lancaster-York stations.[26]

References

  1. "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  2. Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Aberdeen". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. pp. 28. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  3. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  4. [Plat of Aberdeen, Edmund Law Rogers. 1852]
  5. The Aberdeen Room – Exhibits – Aberdeen: Its Three Components
  6. "Harford County, MDGenWeb – Aberdeen". Archived from the original on 2008-08-20. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  7. Historical Marker DataBase – Halls' Cross Roads
  8. Historic Tour of Hall's Cross Roads
  9. Mechanicsville (historical) in Harford County, MD
  10. Aberdeen Municipality, Harford County, Maryland
  11. Aberdeen Board Presidents and Mayors
  12. Doug Stanglin and Esteban Perra (September 20, 2018). "Female shooter Snochia Moseley, 26, guns down 3 at Aberdeen, Maryland, warehouse before killing herself". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  13. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
  14. Climate Summary for Aberdeen, Maryland
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  18. Aberdeen City Government Archived April 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  19. Aberdeen City Council Archived May 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  20. Harford County Council District E Archived October 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary-Dulany_James
  22. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Johnson_Jr.
  23. Benjamin L. Cardin, United States Senator for Maryland
  24. https://harris.house.gov/
  25. "David Grace Biography - UCLA Bruins Official Athletic Site | UCLABruins.com". Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
  26. "DTV Reception Maps". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2020-09-20.
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