ASEAN Heritage Parks

ASEAN Heritage Parks (AHP) are selected protected areas in the ASEAN region that are known for their unique biodiversity and ecosystems, wilderness and outstanding values in scenic, cultural, educational, research, recreational and tourism.[1] Its vision is "An ASEAN region whose biological is conserved, sustainably managed and used, and equitably shared for the well-being of its peoples."[2] The ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) in the Philippines serves as the secretariat of the ASEAN Heritage Parks Programme.

The ASEAN Heritage Parks were established as the ASEAN national heritage parks and nature reserves on 29 November 1984 when only 6 countries: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand were member countries.[3] They became known by the present name on 18 December 2003 after Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam joined the organisation between 1995 and 1999. Through declarations, ASEAN member countries agreed that, "common cooperation is necessary to conserve and manage the parks for the development and implementation of regional conservation as well as regional mechanisms complementary to national efforts to implement conservation measures.[4]

Fifty ASEAN Heritage Parks have been designated as of 2019.[5] Nine sites are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Kinabalu National Park of Malaysia; Gunung Mulu National Park of Malaysia; Lorentz National Park of Indonesia; Kerinci Seblat National Park and Gunung Leuser National Park as 2 of 3 national parks that form Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra of Indonesia; Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park of the Philippines; Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary of the Philippines; Khao Yai National Park and Kaeng Krachan National Park of Thailand.

List of parks

The following is a list of areas designated as ASEAN Heritage Parks.[6]

No.ParkCountryDate of declaration
1Tasek Merimbun Heritage Park Brunei29 November 1984
2Kerinci Seblat National Park Indonesia29 November 1984
3Mount Leuser National Park Indonesia29 November 1984
4Lorentz National Park Indonesia29 November 1984
5Gunung Mulu National Park Malaysia29 November 1984
6Kinabalu National Park Malaysia29 November 1984
7Taman Negara National Park Malaysia29 November 1984
8Mount Apo Natural Park Philippines29 November 1984
9Mounts Iglit–Baco National Park Philippines29 November 1984
10Khao Yai National Park Thailand29 November 1984
11Tarutao National Marine Park Thailand29 November 1984
12Preah Monivong National Park (Bokor) Cambodia18 December 2003
13Virachey National Park Cambodia18 December 2003
14Nam Ha National Protected Area Laos18 December 2003
15Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park Myanmar18 December 2003
16Hkakaborazi National Park Myanmar18 November 2003
17Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar18 December 2003
18Inlé Lake Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar18 December 2003
19Lampi Island Marine National Park Myanmar18 December 2003
20Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar18 December 2003
21Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve Singapore18 December 2003
22Ao Phang Nga National Park, Surin Islands and Similan Islands Thailand18 December 2003
23Kaeng Krachan National Park Thailand18 December 2003
24Ba Be National Park Vietnam18 December 2003
25Chư Mom Ray National Park Vietnam18 December 2003
26Hoàng Liên Sa Pa National Park Vietnam18 November 2003
27Kon Ka Kinh National Park Vietnam18 December 2003
28Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park Philippines30 October 2009
29Mount Malindang Range Natural Park Philippines10 October 2011
30Bukit Timah Nature Reserve Singapore18 October 2011
31Natmataung National Park Myanmar25 September 2012
32U Minh Thượng National Park Vietnam25 September 2012
33Mount Makiling Forest Reserve Philippines25 September 2013
34Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary Philippines21 October 2014
35Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park Philippines21 October 2014
36Way Kambas National Park Indonesia28 October 2015
37Timpoong and Hibok-Hibok Natural Monument Philippines28 October 2015
38Bái Tử Long National Park Vietnam30 September 2016
39Thousand Islands National Park Indonesia13 November 2017
40Wakatobi National Park Indonesia13 November 2017
41Bantimurung–Bulusaraung National Park Indonesia17 August 2018
42Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary Philippines2018
43Bidoup Núi Bà National Park Vietnam2018
44Vu Quang National Park Vietnam2018
45Hat Chao Mai National Park and Mu Ko Libong islands Thailand2019
46Mu Ko Ang Thong National Park Thailand2019
47Lò Gò-Xa Mát National Park Vietnam2019
48Ngọc Linh Nature Reserve Vietnam2019
49Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar2019
50Khao Sok National Park Thailand18 February 2021
51Endau-Rompin National Park Malaysia7 July 2022[7]

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.