67th United States Congress

The 67th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1921, to March 4, 1923, during the first two years of Warren Harding's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1910 United States census.

67th United States Congress
66th 
 68th

March 4, 1921 – March 4, 1923
Members96 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityRepublican
Senate PresidentCalvin Coolidge (R)
House majorityRepublican
House SpeakerFrederick H. Gillett (R)
Sessions
Special: March 4, 1921 – March 15, 1921
1st: April 11, 1921 – November 23, 1921
2nd: December 5, 1921 – September 22, 1922
3rd: November 20, 1922 – December 4, 1922
4th: December 4, 1922 – March 3, 1923
House Party standings (at the beginning of this Congress)
  302 Republicans
  131 Democrats
  1 Socialist
Funeral of former Speaker of the House, Champ Clark, March 5, 1921, in front of the United States Capitol.

The Republicans increased their majorities in both chambers—gaining supermajority status in the House—and with Warren G. Harding being sworn in a president, this gave the Republicans an overall federal government trifecta for the first time since the 61st Congress in 1909.[1][2]

This was the first Congress to feature a woman senator appointed in the United States Senate, Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia, who held in office for one day. This remains the most recent congress in which Republicans held a two-thirds supermajority in the House of Representatives.

President pro tempore
Albert B. Cummins
Alice M. Robertson became the first woman to preside over the House chamber in 1921

Major events

Major legislation

  • April 30, 1921: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (under an interstate compact entered into by the State of New York and State of New Jersey)
  • May 19, 1921: Emergency Quota Act (Johnson Quota Act), Sess. 1, ch. 8, 42 Stat. 5
  • May 27, 1921: Emergency Tariff of 1921, Sess. 1, ch. 14, 42 Stat. 9
  • June 10, 1921: Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 (Good–McCormack Act)
  • June 10, 1921: Willis Graham Act
  • July 2, 1921: Knox–Porter Resolution
  • July 9, 1921: Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1921
  • July 12, 1921: Naval Appropriations Act For 1922
  • August 15, 1921: Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921
  • August 15, 1921: Poultry Racket Act
  • August 24, 1921: Future Trading Act (Capper–Tincher Act), Sess. 1, ch. 86, 42 Stat. 187
  • November 9, 1921: Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 (Phipps–Dowell Act)
  • November 23, 1921: Revenue Act of 1921, Sess. 1, ch. 136, 42 Stat. 227
  • November 23, 1921: Willis–Campbell Act
  • November 23, 1921: Sheppard–Towner Act
  • December 22, 1921: Russian Famine Relief Act
  • February 9, 1922: World War Foreign Debts Commission Act
  • February 18, 1922: Capper–Volstead Act
  • February 18, 1922: Patent Act of 1922
  • March 4, 1922: Model Marine Insurance Act of 1922
  • March 20, 1922: Seed and Grain Loan Act
  • March 20, 1922: General Exchange Act of 1922
  • May 11, 1922: Agricultural Appropriations Act of 1922
  • May 11, 1922: Travelling Expenses Publication Activities Act
  • May 15, 1922: Irrigation Districts and Farm Loans Act (Raker Act)
  • May 26, 1922: Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act (Jones-Miller Act)
  • June 10, 1922: Joint Service Pay Readjustment Act
  • June 30, 1922: Lodge–Fish Resolution
  • July 1, 1922: Scrapping of Naval Vessels Act
  • August 31, 1922: Honeybee Act
  • September 14, 1922: Judges Act of 1922 (Cummins–Walsh Act)
  • September 19, 1922: China Trade Act of 1922
  • September 21, 1922: Commodity Exchange Act
  • September 21, 1922: Fordney–McCumber Tariff, Sess. 2, ch. 356, 42 Stat. 858
  • September 21, 1922: Grain Futures Act, Sess. 2, ch. 369, 42 Stat. 998
  • September 22, 1922: Cable Act (Married Women's Citizenship Act), Sess. 2, ch. 411, 42 Stat. 1021
  • September 22, 1922: Fuel Distributor Act (Lever Act)
  • September 22, 1922: River and Harbors Act of 1922
  • January 5, 1923: Foreign and Domestic Commerce Act of 1923
  • February 26, 1923: Agricultural Appropriations Act of 1924
  • February 28, 1923: British War Debt Act of 1923 (Smoot–Burton Act)
  • March 2, 1923: Porter Resolution
  • March 3, 1923: River and Harbors Act of 1923
  • March 3, 1923: Naval Stores Act of 1923
  • March 4, 1923: Partial Payment Act (Winslow Act)
  • March 4, 1923: Butter Standards Act of 1923
  • March 4, 1923: Filled Milk Act of 1923
  • March 4, 1923: Cotton Standards Act of 1923
  • March 4, 1923: National Bank Tax Act of 1923
  • March 4, 1923: Agricultural Credits Act (Capper–Linroot–Anderson Act)
  • March 4, 1923: Classification Act of 1923 (Sterling–Lehlbach Act)
  • March 4, 1923: Flood Control Act of 1923
  • March 4, 1923: Mills Act of 1923

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–
Labor

(FL)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 46 0 50 96 0
Begin 37 0 59 96 0
End
Final voting share 38.5% 0.0% 61.5%
Beginning of next congress 42 1 53 96 0

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Socialist
(Soc.)
Farmer–
Labor

(FL)
Republican
(R)
Independent
Republican

(IR)
Other
End of previous congress 187 0 1 239 0 1[lower-alpha 1] 428 7
Begin 131 1 0 299 1 0 432 3
End 130 295 4278
Final voting share 30.4% 0.2% 0.0% 69.1% 0.2% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 206 1 2 223 0 0 432 3

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class; Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1922; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1924; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1926.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 11
  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 4
  • Vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 7
State Senator Reason for vacancy Successor Date of successor's installation
New Mexico
(2)
Albert B. Fall (R) Resigned March 4, 1921, after being appointed United States Secretary of the Interior. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Holm O. Bursum (R) March 11, 1921
Delaware
(1)
Josiah O. Wolcott (D) Resigned July 2, 1921, to accept an appointment to become Chancellor of the Delaware Court of Chancery. Successor was appointed. T. Coleman du Pont (R) July 7, 1921
Pennsylvania
(1)
Philander C. Knox (R) Died October 12, 1921. Successor was appointed. William E. Crow (R) October 24, 1921
Pennsylvania
(3)
Boies Penrose (R) Died December 31, 1921. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. George W. Pepper (R) January 9, 1922
Iowa
(2)
William S. Kenyon (R) Resigned February 24, 1922, after being appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Successor was appointed. Charles A. Rawson (R) February 24, 1922
Pennsylvania
(1)
William E. Crow (R) Died August 2, 1922. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. David A. Reed (R) August 8, 1922
Georgia
(3)
Thomas E. Watson (D) Died September 26, 1922. Successor was appointed November 21, 1922 to serve one day until the elected successor took the seat. Rebecca L. Felton (D) October 3, 1922
Delaware
(1)
T. Coleman du Pont (R) Successor was elected. Thomas F. Bayard Jr. (D) November 8, 1922
Iowa
(2)
Charles A. Rawson (R) Successor was elected. Smith W. Brookhart (R) November 8, 1922
Michigan
(2)
Truman H. Newberry (R) Resigned November 18, 1922. Successor was appointed. James J. Couzens (R) November 29, 1922
Georgia
(3)
Rebecca L. Felton (D) Successor was elected. Walter F. George (D) November 22, 1922

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 19
  • Deaths: 18
  • Resignations: 8
  • Contested elections: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 30
District Vacated by Reason for vacancy Successor Date of successor's installation
California 9th Vacant Rep.-elect Charles F. Van de Water died during previous congress Walter F. Lineberger (R) April 11, 1921
Alabama 4th Vacant Rep. Fred L. Blackmon died during previous congress Lamar Jeffers (D) June 7, 1921
Pennsylvania At-large Vacant Rep. Mahlon M. Garland died during previous congress Thomas S. Crago (R) September 20, 1921
Michigan 3rd William H. Frankhauser (R) Died May 9, 1921 John M. C. Smith (R) June 28, 1921
Iowa 5th James W. Good (R) Resigned June 15, 1921 Cyrenus Cole (R) July 19, 1921
Illinois At-large William E. Mason (R) Died June 16, 1921 Winnifred S. M. Huck (R) November 7, 1922
Massachusetts 6th Willfred W. Lufkin (R) Resigned June 30, 1921, after being appointed Collector of Customs for the Port of Boston A. Piatt Andrew (R) September 27, 1921
Virginia 5th Rorer A. James (D) Died August 6, 1921 J. Murray Hooker (D) November 8, 1921
Arkansas 6th Samuel M. Taylor (D) Died September 13, 1921 Chester W. Taylor (D) October 25, 1921
Virginia 10th Henry D. Flood (D) Died December 8, 1921 Henry St. George Tucker III (D) March 21, 1922
California 6th John A. Elston (R) Died December 15, 1921 James H. MacLafferty (R) November 7, 1922
Maine 3rd John A. Peters (R) Resigned January 2, 1922, after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of Maine John E. Nelson (R) March 20, 1922
Hawaii Territory Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole (R) Died January 7, 1922 Harry Baldwin (R) March 25, 1922
New York 37th Alanson B. Houghton (R) Resigned February 28, 1922, after being appointed United States Ambassador to Germany Lewis Henry (R) April 11, 1922
Texas 13th Lucian W. Parrish (D) Died March 27, 1922 Guinn Williams (D) May 22, 1922
North Carolina 3rd Samuel M. Brinson (D) Died April 13, 1922 Charles L. Abernethy (D) November 7, 1922
Nebraska 1st C. Frank Reavis (R) Resigned June 3, 1922, after being appointed special assistant to the United States Attorney General Roy H. Thorpe (R) November 7, 1922
Nebraska 6th Moses Kinkaid (R) Died July 6, 1922 Augustin R. Humphrey (R) November 7, 1922
Massachusetts 16th Joseph Walsh (R) Resigned August 2, 1922, after being appointed a justice of the superior court of Massachusetts Charles L. Gifford (R) November 7, 1922
Tennessee 7th Lemuel P. Padgett (D) Died August 2, 1922 Clarence W. Turner (D) November 7, 1922
Pennsylvania 10th Charles R. Connell (R) Died September 26, 1922 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
California 5th John I. Nolan (R) Died November 18, 1922 Mae Nolan (R) January 23, 1923
Illinois 2nd James R. Mann (R) Died November 30, 1922 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 1st Frank C. Millspaugh (R) Resigned December 5, 1922 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Virginia 7th Thomas W. Harrison (D) Lost contested election December 15, 1922 John Paul Jr. (R) December 15, 1922
New Mexico At-large Néstor Montoya (R) Died January 13, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Pennsylvania 1st William S. Vare (R) Resigned January 2, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New Hampshire 1st Sherman E. Burroughs (R) Died January 27, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
California 10th Henry Z. Osborne (R) Died February 8, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 16th Bourke Cockran (D) Died March 1, 1923 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Determine what Employment may be Furnished Federal Prisoners
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • Fiscal Relations between the District of Columbia and the United States
  • Investigating Naval Base Sites on San Francisco Bay (Chairman: Sen. L. Heisler Ball)
  • The Library (Chairman: Sen. Frank B. Brandegee)
  • Printing (Chairman: Sen. George H. Moses; Vice Chairman: Rep. Edgar R. Kiess)
  • Postal Service
  • Readjustment of Service Pay (Special)
  • Reorganization
  • Reorganization of the Administrative Branch of the Government (Chairman: Walter F. Brown)
  • To Investigate the System of Shortime Rural Credits
  • Three Hundredth Anniversary of the Landing of the Pilgrims (Chairman: Rep. Henry Cabot Lodge)

Caucuses

Officers

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

  1. Prohibition
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
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