40th meridian east

The meridian 40° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Asia, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole. The meridian is used in some contexts to delineate Europe or what is associated with the continent of Europe as an easternmost limit, e.g. to qualify for membership of the European Broadcasting Union.

40°
40th meridian east

The 40th meridian east forms a great circle with the 140th meridian west.

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 40th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 40°0′E Arctic Ocean
80°27′N 40°0′E Barents Sea
67°49′N 40°0′E  Russia Island of Ostrov Lumbovskiy and the Kola Peninsula
66°25′N 40°0′E White Sea
65°49′N 40°0′E  Russia
65°10′N 40°0′E White Sea Dvina Bay
64°45′N 40°0′E  Russia
49°36′N 40°0′E  Ukraine
49°9′N 40°0′E  Russia
48°53′N 40°0′E  Ukraine For about 10km
48°48′N 40°0′E  Russia
48°17′N 40°0′E  Ukraine For about 6km
48°13′N 40°0′E  Russia Passing east of Adler, less than a kilometer west of the border with  Georgia (at 43°24′N 40°0′E)
43°23′N 40°0′E Black Sea
40°57′N 40°0′E  Turkey
36°49′N 40°0′E  Syria
33°57′N 40°0′E  Iraq
32°1′N 40°0′E  Saudi Arabia
20°15′N 40°0′E Red Sea
16°3′N 40°0′E  Eritrea Dahlak Archipelago and the mainland
14°27′N 40°0′E  Ethiopia
3°56′N 40°0′E  Kenya
3°22′S 40°0′E Indian Ocean Passing just east of the islands of Pemba, Latham and Mafia,  Tanzania
10°8′S 40°0′E  Tanzania
10°49′S 40°0′E  Mozambique
16°12′S 40°0′E Indian Ocean Passing between the atoll of Bassas da India and Europa Island,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands
60°0′S 40°0′E Southern Ocean
68°52′S 40°0′E Antarctica Queen Maud Land, claimed by  Norway

See also

  • 39th meridian east
  • 41st meridian east
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