2007 Papua New Guinean general election

General elections were held in Papua New Guinea from 30 June 2007 to 14 July 2007.[1]

2007 Papua New Guinean general election

30 June–14 July 2007
PartyLeader Seats +/–
NAP Michael Somare 27 +8
PAP Gabriel Kapris 7 +2
PNG Party Mekere Morauta 7 New
Pangu Pati Chris Haiveta 5 -1
PDM Paias Wingti 5 -8
URP Sam Akoitai 5 New
NGP Bart Philemon 4 New
PNC 4 +2
PPP Byron Chan 4 -4
RDP Moses Maladina 4 New
National Party 3 0
PLP Ekis Ropenu 3 -1
Country Party Jamie Maxtone-Graham 2 New
United Party Bire Kimisopa 2 -1
MLP Allan Marat 2 New
People's Party Peter Ipatas 2 New
PFP Luther Wenge 1 -1
MAP Carol Kidu 1 -2
Independents 21 +4
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea before Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea after
Michael Somare
NAP
Michael Somare
NAP

For the first time, the election did not use first past the post (which has in the past resulted in a very volatile political system, with the election of a candidate being largely a matter of chance due to the large number of candidates), but rather Limited Preferential Voting, in which voters number their three most preferred candidates.[2] PNG Police reported three deaths caused by election-related violence during the election period, a large decrease in the 100 deaths which occurred during the 2002 elections. 11,000 police officers and soldiers were deployed throughout the country to police the elections and keep the peace.[3]

Originally scheduled to end on 10 July, it was decided that the elections would be extended by five days due to delays in transporting ballot boxes caused by bad weather.[4]

Results

ABC Radio Australia reported that nearly four million votes were cast out of Papua New Guinea's population of about six million.[1]

Early results on 15 July indicated that incumbent Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare's National Alliance Party was picking up more seats than other parties of the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea's 109 seats.[5] Final results were largely completed by 6 August, the deadline for the return of writs. Counting in two seats was extended for a few days due to legal challenges halting the counting process. The previous deadline was 30 July,[6] but this was extended due to delays caused by bad weather and disruption of counting by some candidates and scrutineers.[7]

In addition to the seats won by the National Alliance Party directly, thirteen independents joined the party after the election. Together with its coalition partners (which include the People's Action Party, the United Resources Party, the Pangu Pati, the National Party, the Melanesian Liberal Party and the Melanesian Alliance Party) the National Alliance Party had the support of a substantial majority of the newly elected Members of Parliament.[8]

A hundred women stood as candidates. Only one, Dame Carol Kidu, was elected, for the Port Moresby South constituency.[9][10]

PartySeats
National Alliance Party27
People's Action Party7
Papua New Guinea Party7
Pangu Pati5
People's Democratic Movement5
United Resources Party5
New Generation Party4
People's National Congress4
People's Progress Party4
Rural Development Party4
National Party3
People's Labour Party3
PNG Country Party2
United Party2
Melanesian Liberal Party2
People's Party2
People's First Party1
Melanesian Alliance Party1
Independents21
Total109
Source: IPU

Central Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Central ProvincialAlphonse Moroi (Independent)Alphonse Moroi (RDP) [11]
Abau OpenPuka Temu (NA)Puka Temu (NA) [12]
Goilala OpenFabian Inne (PLP)Mathew Poia (NA) [7]
Kairuku-Hiri OpenMoi Avei (MA)Paru Aihi (PNGP) [13]
Rigo OpenAnderson Vele (Independent)Ano Pala (NA) [14]

Eastern Highlands Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Eastern Highlands ProvincialMalcolm 'Kela' Smith (Independent)Malcolm 'Kela' Smith (Independent) [15]
Daulo OpenBen Kiagi (UP)Kondo Patrick (PLP) [13]
Goroka OpenBire Kimisopa (UP)Thompson Harokaqveh (PANGU) [15]
Henganofi OpenTota Bun (CDP)Ferao Orimyo (PNGP) [15]
Kainantu OpenYuntuvi Bao (PAP)Sai Beseo (PP) [13]
Lufa OpenYawa Silupa (NA)Yawa Silupa (NA) [7]
Obura-Wonenara OpenJohn Koigiri (PNC)John Boito (PDM) [15]
Okapa OpenTom Amukele (NA)Bonny Oveyara (PPP) [15]
Unggai-Bena OpenBenny Allan (URP)Benny Allan (URP) [15]

East New Britain Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
East New Britain ProvincialLeo Dion (NA)Leo Dion (NA) [15][16]
Gazelle OpenSinai Brown (NA)Malakai Tabar (MLP) [15]
Kokopo OpenRabbie Namaliu (PANGU)Patrick Tammur (Independent) [15][17]
Pomio OpenPaul Tiensten (PPP)Paul Tiensten (NA) [15][18]
Rabaul OpenAllan Marat (PPP)Allan Marat (MLP) [15][19]

East Sepik Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
East Sepik ProvincialMichael Somare (NA)Michael Somare (NA) [20]
Ambunti-Dreikikir OpenTony Aimo (PAP)Tony Aimo (PAP) [21]
Angoram OpenArthur Somare (NA)Arthur Somare (NA) [12]
Maprik OpenGabriel Kapris (PAP)Gabriel Kapris (PAP) [21]
Wewak OpenKimson Kare (PNC)Jim Simatab (Independent) [21]
Wosera-Gaui OpenGallus Yumbui (PMC) (suspended from office) [22]Ronald Asik (PAP) [23]
Yangoru-Saussia OpenPeter Waranaka (NA)Peter Waranaka (NA) [12]

Enga Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Enga ProvincialPeter Ipatas (PP)Peter Ipatas (PP) [13]
Kandep OpenDon Polye (NA)Don Polye (NA) [24]
Kompiam-Ambum OpenDickson Maki (PP)John Pundari (NAP) [21]
Lagaip-Porgera OpenKappa Yarka (PP)Philip Kikala (NA) [7]
Wabag OpenSam Abal (NA)Sam Abal (NA) [25]
Wapenamanda OpenMiki Kaeok (NA)Miki Kaeok (NA) [12]

Gulf Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Gulf ProvincialChris Haiveta (Independent)Havila Kavo (PNC) [26]
Kerema OpenEkis Ropenu (PLP)Pitom Bombom (Independent) [13]
Kikori OpenMark Maipakai (NA)Mark Maipakai (NA) [27]

Madang Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Madang ProvincialPeter Barter (NA) (retired) [28]Arnold Amet (NA) [29]
Bogia OpenJohn Hickey (NA)John Hickey (NA) [15]
Madang OpenAlois Kingsley (Independent) (contested Madang Provincial seat in 2007 election) [15]Buka Malai (Independent) [30]
Middle Ramu OpenBen Semri (PAP)Ben Semri (PAP) [13]
Rai Coast OpenJames Yali (Independent)James Yali (Independent) [31] (election nullified on 13 August 2007 — see James Yali affair)

10–16 November 2007 by-election: Niuro Toko Sapia (elected as independent, then joined NA)

Sumkar OpenMathew Gubag (Independent)Ken Fairweather (Independent) [32]
Usino-Bundi OpenPeter Yama (PLP) (contested Madang Provincial seat in 2007 election) [15]Samson Kuli (PP) [33]

Manus Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Manus ProvincialJacob Jumogot (PDM)Michael Sapau (RDP) [15]
Manus OpenCharlie Benjamin (APP) (dismissed from office) [34]Job Pomat (PNC) [15]

Milne Bay Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Milne Bay ProvincialTim Neville (Independent)John Luke Crittin (Independent) [7][12]
Alotau OpenIsaac Taitibe (Independent)Charles Abel (Independent) [12]
Esa'ala OpenMoses Maladina (RDP)Moses Maladina (RDP) [15]
Kiriwina-Goodenough OpenBrian Pulayasi (PNC)Jack Cameron (PDM) [33]
Samarai-Murua OpenGordon Wesley (Independent)Gordon Wesley (Independent) [33]

Morobe Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Morobe ProvincialLuther Wenge (PFP)Luther Wenge (PFP) [35]
Bulolo OpenJohn Muingnepe (PDM)Sam Basil (PPP) [12]
Finschhafen OpenGuao Zurenouc (Independent)Theo Zurenouc (elected as Independent[12] then joined PPP[36])
Huon Gulf OpenSasa Zibe (NA)Sasa Zibe (NA) [32]
Kabwum OpenBob Dadae (UP)Bob Dadae (UP) [32]
Lae OpenBart Philemon (NA)Bart Philemon (NGP) [37]
Markham OpenAndrew Baing (PPP) (dismissed from office) [38]Koni Iguan (PLP) [32]
Menyamya OpenTeta Geoka (NA)Benjamin Philip (RDP) [12]
Nawae OpenWesley Zurenuc (NA)Timothy Bonga (Independent) [12]
Tewai-Siassi OpenMao Zeming (PDM)Vincent Michaels (Independent) [32]

National Capital District

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
National Capital District ProvincialWari Vele (NA)Powes Parkop (Independent) [32]
Moresby North-East OpenCasper Wollom (NA)Andrew Mald (Independent) [12]
Moresby North-West OpenMekere Morauta (PNGP)Mekere Morauta (PNGP) [39]
Moresby South OpenCarol Kidu (MA)Carol Kidu (MA) [40]

New Ireland Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
New Ireland ProvincialIan Ling-Stuckey (PANGU)Julius Chan (PPP) [12][41]
Kavieng OpenMartin Aini (PANGU)Martin Aini (PANGU) [32]
Namatanai OpenByron Chan (PPP)Byron Chan (PPP) [33]

North Solomons (Bougainville) Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Bougainville ProvincialLeo Hanette (NA)Fidelis Semoso (Independent) [7]
Central Bougainville OpenSamuel Akoitai (URP)Jimmy Miringtoro (PDM) [42]
North Bougainville OpenJames Togel (NA)Michael Ogio (PDM) [13]
South Bougainville OpenMichael Laimo (NA)Michael Laimo (NA) [32]

Oro (Northern) Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Northern ProvincialBani Hoivo (PLP)Suckling Tamanabae (UP) [23]
Ijivitari OpenCecilking Doruba (PANGU)David Arore (Independent) [12]
Sohe OpenPeter Oresi (PNC) (contested Northern Provincial seat in 2007 election) [15]Anthony Nene (PNC) [23]

Simbu (Chimbu) Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Simbu ProvincialPeter Launa (URP)John Garia (PNGP) [43]
Chuave OpenJim Nomane (PCP)Jim Nomane (PCP) [44]
Gumine OpenNick Kuman (PNC)Lucas Dekena (NA) [23]
Karimui-Nomane OpenPosi Menai (PAP)Posi Menai (PAP) [23]
Kerowagi OpenAlphonse Willie (NA)Guma Wau (URP) [23]
Kundiawa OpenMathew Siune (PNGP)Joe Mek Teine (PNGNP) [23]
Sinasina-Yonggamugl OpenJeffrey Nape (NA)Jeffrey Nape (NA) [7]

Southern Highlands Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Southern Highlands ProvincialNipa Yawari (PCP)Anderson Agiru (URP) [45]
Ialibu-Pangia OpenPeter O'Neill (PNC)Peter O'Neill (PNC) [33]
Imbonggu OpenTimothy Tala (NA)Francis Awesa (PNGP) [12]
Kagua-Erave OpenDavid Basua (NA)James Lagea (elected as PNGCP[13] then joined NA)[46]
Komo-Margarima OpenBalus Libe (PLP)Francis Potape (NGP) [47]
Koroba-Lake Kopiago OpenJohn Kekeno (PAP)John Kekeno (PAP) [13]
Mendi OpenMichael Nali (PPP) (contested Southern Highlands Provincial seat in 2007 election) [15]Isaac Joseph (NGP) [7]
Nipa-Kutubu OpenRobert Kopaol (Independent)Philemon Embel (PANGU) [13]
Tari OpenTom Tomiape (RDP)James Marape (NA) [13]

Sandaun (West Sepik) Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
West Sepik ProvincialCarlos Yuni (Independent)Simon Solo (NA) [13]
Aitape-Lumi OpenPatrick Pruaitch (NA)Patrick Pruaitch (NA) [48]
Nuku OpenAndrew Kumbakor (PANGU)Andrew Kumbakor (PANGU) [49]
Telefomin OpenAtimeng Buhupe (NA)Peter Iwei (PDM) [12]
Vanimo-Green River OpenPhilip Inou (PAP)Belden Namah (NA) [12]

Western Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Western ProvincialBob Danaya (PNGLP)Bob Danaya (PNGLP) [15]
Middle Fly OpenRoy Biyama (URP)Roy Biyama (URP) [13]
North Fly OpenMartin Tabi (PNC)Boka Kondra (elected as Independent[13] then joined PNC[50])
South Fly OpenConrad Haoda (PNC)Sali Subam (NA) [15]

Western Highlands Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
Western Highlands ProvincialPaias Wingti (PDM)Tom Olga (Independent) [51]
Angalimp-South Wahgi OpenJamie Maxtone-Graham (PCP)Jamie Maxtone-Graham (PCP) [52]
Baiyer-Mul OpenKuri Kingal (PDM)Sani Rambi (NA) [13][53]
Dei OpenMelchior Pep (RDP)Puri Ruing (PNGP) [52]
Hagen OpenWilliam Duma (URP)William Duma (URP) [13]
Jimi OpenFrancis Kunai (PNP)Waka Goi (PNGP) [53]
North Wahgi OpenMichael Mas Kal (PNP)Benjamin Mul (PNGP) [54]
Tambul-Nebilyer OpenMark Anis (PDM)Benjamin Poponawa (elected as Independent then joined NA)[55]

West New Britain Province

ElectoratePrevious member (party)2007 winner (party)
West New Britain ProvincialClement Nakmai (PHP)Peter Humphreys (NA) [32]
Kandrian-Gloucester OpenDavid Sui (PNC)Tony Puana (NGP) [56]
Talasea OpenJohn Vulupundi (Independent)Francis Marus (PANGU) [32]

Aftermath

On Monday 13 August 2007, the first sitting of Parliament after the election took place. Jeffrey Nape was re-elected as Speaker of the House, and Sir Michael Somare was once again elected to be the country's Prime Minister, winning 86 votes in the 109-seat Parliament.[57][58]

James Yali affair

In January 2006, James Yali, governor of Madang Province and Member of Parliament for Rai Coast Open electorate, was convicted of raping his sister-in-law and sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment. In May 2007 he allegedly suffered a stroke and was transferred from Beon jail to hospital and placed under guard. A group of supporters and relatives then reportedly retrieved him from hospital by force and escorted him to the office of the Electoral Commission, where he completed an application to stand as an independent candidate for his previously held seat of Rai Coast Open.[59] Despite a recent constitutional amendment that disallows anyone convicted of an indictable offence from running for office, the Electoral Commission accepted his candidacy on the basis that his legal appeal was still underway. This decision later attracted considerable criticism.[60][61][62] He remained in hospital until 7 July, conducting his campaign from his hospital bed.[60]

In the 2007 general election, Yali won the Rai Coast Open seat from a field of 28 candidates.[63] His level of support, despite being imprisoned, was widely attributed to fear of his reputation for sorcery.[60][64][65]

On 10 August, the Supreme Court quashed Yali's appeal, nullifying his election.[64][66] The Electoral Commission said that a by-election for Rai Coast Open would be held within three months.[59] The court was widely criticised for having deliberated on the case for a year, given that a by-election would have been avoided had the court come to a decision before the election.[61][67]

The by-election was held from 10–16 November 2007.[68] His brother, John Tuna Yali, contested the election and stated that he was confident he would win.[69] A total of 21 candidates contested the by-election.[70] The election may have been delayed in some areas for a few days due to weather problems, but by 20 November 2007 voting had been completed in most areas. For the first time, the ballots were counted electronically; writs were returned on 7 December 2007.[71] The by-election was won by Kiap Niuro Toko Sapia with 6,961 votes, while Henry Baiyema was runner-up with 4,503 votes. Sapia contested the election as an independent after having contested the general election as a PNG Country Party candidate; he announced he would join the National Alliance Party.[72]

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