2006–2007 Southeast Asian floods

The 2006–2007 Southeast Asian floods were a series of floods that mostly affected Malaysia from 18 December 2006 to 13 January 2007. The floods were caused by above average rainfall, which was attributed to Typhoon Utor (2006) which had hit the Philippines and Vietnam a few days earlier.[1] By the third week of January 2007, Johor had been affected by a larger flood. Singapore and certain parts of Indonesia were flooded due to the same typhoon.

2006–2007 Southeast Asian floods
Kota Tinggi in Malaysia was severely flooded between December 2006 and January 2007.
Date18 December 2006 – 13 January 2007
LocationMalaysia, Johor, Malacca, Pahang and Negeri Sembilan), Singapore and Indonesia (Aceh and North Sumatra)
Deaths118
Property damage$395 million

Throughout the week starting 18 December 2006,[2] a series of floods hit Johor, Malacca, Pahang and Negeri Sembilan. During this period, these southern Malaysian states, along with Singapore, experienced abnormally high rainfall which resulted in massive floods. The rainfall recorded in the city of Johor Bahru on 19 December amounted to 289mm compared to the average annual rainfall of the city which is 2400mm.[3][4] In Singapore, the 24-hour rainfall recorded on 20 December was 366 mm, the third highest recorded rainfall in 75 years.[5]

The flooding began when torrential downpours since Sunday caused rivers and dams to overflow. Weather officials described the flooding as the worst in the area in a century.[6] At least six people died.[7]

Later that week, beginning 22 December, North Sumatra experienced abnormally high rainfall which also caused flooding.[8]

Causes

Typhoon Utor was blamed for heavy rains of up to 350 mm within 24 hours in southern Peninsular Malaysia, specifically Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Malacca and Pahang, causing massive floods within the southern region on 18 December 2006, which were considered as the worst in the history of the southern region of Malaysia.[9] However, there were also reports a few days earlier that adverse weather was not to be blamed on the typhoon.[10] The worst-affected areas were Segamat and Kota Tinggi, where both towns were totally inaccessible via land transport routes after all main roads leading to those towns were flooded.[11] As of 4 January 2007, the floods had claimed 15 lives. Heavy rains were expected in Penang, Perak, Kelantan and other states in the northern region during this period.[12]

Areas affected

Indonesia

The floods affected areas such as Aceh and North Sumatra, leaving many homeless. The floods lasted for a week starting on December 22. An estimated 400,000 people were displaced at the peak of the flooding with at least 118 people dead and 155 people missing as of 29 December 2006.[13]

Johor

A flood-stricken family in Kota Tinggi.

Several districts in Johor including Batu Pahat, Johor Bahru, Kluang, Kota Tinggi, Mersing, Muar, Pontian and Segamat were been flooded. Between 60,000 and 70,000 people had been evacuated in the state while food shortage at relief centres had been reported. Flooded roads disrupted the delivery of aid to flood centres.[14] Most of the flood victims had been living without clean water or electricity for days.[15] According to health authorities, reports of water-borne diseases were on the rise.[15] In some areas, looting was reported after floodwaters receded.[16]

The second bout of flooding, which was larger than the first one, had almost paralysed Johor after all 8 districts were submerged by the flood.[17] The areas worst affected by the second flood were Batu Pahat and Kluang. Both waves of the flood disaster were considered as the costliest flood in Malaysian history, with the total cost of damage caused by the floods standing at RM 1.5 billion.[18] In the early morning of 12 January 2007, floodwaters were slowly rising at Jalan Jaffar in Kota Tinggi, while the residents were all shifting their goods in preparation for the second flood. In the morning of 13 January 2007 around 4:00 a.m., the Sungai Semberong bridge at Batu 5, Jalan Kluang-Mersing (Federal route 50) collapsed after being washed by strong currents.[19]

Malacca

In Malacca, 3,193 people from 691 families from Melaka Tengah, Alor Gajah and Jasin left their homes due to rising waters.

A total of 35 relief centres were opened, with the floods regarded the worst for the three districts in 15 years.

Pahang

In Pahang, more than 2,000 people were evacuated in several areas in Rompin, especially in Bandar Tun Abdul Razak. After more than 10 hours of continuous rain, people in Kampung Rekoh in Bandar Tun Abdul Razak were evacuated to nearby community halls. Other affected areas were Kampung Kurnia, Yayasan Estate and Yayasan Estate II. More than 6,000 residents, including settlers in nine Felda Selancar schemes, were also stranded because of two badly damaged bridges in the area.

Negeri Sembilan

In Negeri Sembilan, the various government departments in charge of flood relief in the state were fully prepared and on standby, said Menteri Besar Datuk Seri Mohamad Hasan.

Flooded areas include Gemas and Gemencheh and a total of 80 people have been evacuated so far.

Singapore

Reactions

Prime Minister's response

Malaysian Prime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi expressed his sadness over the disaster.[20] When the flooding started, he just finished a 3-day visit to Venezuela and had just left for a vacation.[21] He was back in Malaysia by 23 December 2006.

Disaster Relief

Several government agencies and NGOs provided assistance and aid to the victims during and after the floods. The Malaysian Red Crescent Society distributed hygiene kits to victims. The organisation also deployed several boats to the affected areas.[22]

MERCY Malaysia deployed 78 volunteers and also appealed for public donations to assist the victims.[23]

The Tzu Chi Foundation mobilised over 4,200 volunteers from both Malaysia and Singapore and have helped over 46,000 flood victims in 4 states.[24]

International response

Aid was given to Malaysia by various international non-governmental organisations and countries such as United Sikhs, Red Crescent, United States of America, and Taiwan.

The Singapore Red Cross Society sent volunteers to assist in the state of Johor. The society also sent aid worth RM22,600.[25]

The United States government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) provided $50,000 through the U.S. Embassy to the Malaysian Red Crescent to support emergency relief efforts.[26]

The IFRC allocate CHF 50,000 (US$41,425) from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 25 December 2006 to support the Malaysian Red Crescent's initial relief efforts.[27]

See also

References

  1. The Star. Utor to blame Archived 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. 21 December 2006.
  2. The Star. Segamat and Kota Tinggi folks stranded by floods Archived 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. 21 December 2006.
  3. Stephanie Phang. Bloomberg. Malaysian Floods Force 22,740 People to Leave Homes (Update1). 20 December 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
  4. The Star. 35cm of rain in just a day Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. 20 December 2006.
  5. Channel Newsasia. Tuesday's heavy rainfall third highest in 75 years Archived 11 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
  6. Associated Press via International Herald Tribune. 2 killed, 60,000 displaced in worst flooding in a century in southern Malaysia. 20 December 2006.
  7. CNN. Malaysia floods kill at least 6 22 December 2006.
  8. Mail&Guardian. Heavy flooding uproots thousands in Asia Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. 22 December 2006.
  9. Typhoon Utor to blame Archived 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine The Star Online
  10. "Seas too choppy for small vessels". Archived from the original on 21 May 2011.
  11. Segamat and Kota Tinggi folks stranded by floods Archived 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine The Star Online
  12. Relief all round Archived 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine The Star Online
  13. International Herald Tribune. Indonesia struggles to help flood victims. 29 December 2006.
  14. Bernama. Shortage Of Food Supply At Flood Relief Centres In Johor Archived 26 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. 22 December 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
  15. The Star. Floods wreak more havoc Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. 21 December 2006.
  16. The Star. Reports of looting surface Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. 23 December 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
  17. Utusan Malaysia Johor hampir lumpuh. 14 January 2007.
  18. Berita Harian Banjir: Kerajaan rugi RM1.5b. 30 January 2007.
  19. Bernama Bridge Collapses, Road Link Between Kluang-Kahang Cut Off Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  20. The Star. Supply aid, stores urged Najib Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. 22 December 2006.
  21. Jamaluddin Muhammad. Bernama. Lawatan Singkat Yang Membawa Hasil Bermakna Archived 1 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
  22. "Malaysia: Flood Emergency Response - Monday, December 25, 2006 - Malaysia". ReliefWeb.
  23. "Malaysia: Flood relief in Johor - Mercy Malaysia appeals for public donation - Malaysia". ReliefWeb.
  24. "Tzu Chi relief actions in Malaysia Flood - Malaysia". ReliefWeb.
  25. "Malaysia: Singapore Red Cross dispatches RM 22,600 worth of emergency supplies to flood victims in Johor - Malaysia". ReliefWeb.
  26. "U.S. provides emergency flood assistance to Malaysia - Malaysia". ReliefWeb.
  27. "Malaysia: Floods DREF Bulletin No. MDRMY001 Final Report - Malaysia". ReliefWeb.

Further reading

  • Tangang, Fredolin T. (2008). "On the roles of the northeast cold surge, the Borneo vortex, the Madden-Julian Oscillation, and the Indian Ocean Dipole during the extreme 2006/2007 flood in southern Peninsular Malaysia". Geophysical Research Letters. 35: L14S07. Bibcode:2008GeoRL..3514S07T. doi:10.1029/2008GL033429.
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