1991 Major League Baseball season

The 1991 Major League Baseball season saw the Minnesota Twins defeat the Atlanta Braves for the World Series title, in a series where every game was won by the home team.

1991 MLB season
LeagueMajor League Baseball
SportBaseball
DurationApril 8 – October 27, 1991
Number of games162
Number of teams26
TV partner(s)CBS, ESPN
Draft
Top draft pickBrien Taylor
Picked byNew York Yankees
Regular Season
Season MVPAL: Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
NL: Terry Pendleton (ATL)
Postseason
AL championsMinnesota Twins
  AL runners-upToronto Blue Jays
NL championsAtlanta Braves
  NL runners-upPittsburgh Pirates
World Series
ChampionsMinnesota Twins
  Runners-upAtlanta Braves
World Series MVPJack Morris (MIN)

Awards and honors

Baseball Writers' Association of America Awards
BBWAA Award National League American League
Rookie of the Year Jeff Bagwell (HOU) Chuck Knoblauch (MIN)
Cy Young Award Tom Glavine (ATL) Roger Clemens (BOS)
Manager of the Year Bobby Cox (ATL) Tom Kelly (MIN)
Most Valuable Player Terry Pendleton (ATL) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Gold Glove Awards
Position National League American League
Pitcher Greg Maddux (CHC) Mark Langston (CAL)
Catcher Tom Pagnozzi (STL) Tony Peña (BOS)
First Baseman Will Clark (SF) Don Mattingly (NYY)
Second Baseman Ryne Sandberg (CHC) Roberto Alomar (TOR)
Third Baseman Matt Williams (SF) Robin Ventura (CHW)
Shortstop Ozzie Smith (STL) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Outfielders Barry Bonds (PIT) Kirby Puckett (MIN)
Tony Gwynn (SD) Devon White (TOR)
Andy Van Slyke (PIT) Ken Griffey Jr. (SEA)
Silver Slugger Awards
Pitcher/Designated Hitter Tom Glavine (ATL) Frank Thomas (CHW)
Catcher Benito Santiago (SD) Mickey Tettleton (DET)
First Baseman Will Clark (SF) Cecil Fielder (DET)
Second Baseman Ryne Sandberg (CHC) Julio Franco (TEX)
Third Baseman Howard Johnson (NYM) Wade Boggs (BOS)
Shortstop Barry Larkin (CIN) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Outfielders Barry Bonds (PIT) Joe Carter (TOR)
Bobby Bonilla (PIT) Ken Griffey Jr. (SEA)
Ron Gant (ATL) Jose Canseco (OAK)

Other awards

Player of the Month

MonthAmerican LeagueNational League
April Dave HendersonFélix José
May Rubén SierraDavid Justice
June Joe CarterBarry Larkin
July Robin VenturaBarry Bonds
August Frank ThomasWill Clark
September Cal Ripken Jr.Howard Johnson

Pitcher of the Month

MonthAmerican LeagueNational League
April Roger ClemensLee Smith
May Scott EricksonTom Glavine
June Jack MorrisRob Dibble
July Bill KruegerDennis Martínez
August Kevin TapaniMitch Williams
September Roger ClemensChris Nabholz

Statistical leaders

Statistic American League National League
AVGJulio Franco TEX.341Terry Pendleton ATL.319
HRJosé Canseco OAK
Cecil Fielder DET
44Howard Johnson NYM38
RBICecil Fielder DET133Howard Johnson NYM117
WinsScott Erickson MIN
Bill Gullickson DET
20Tom Glavine ATL
John Smiley PIT
20
ERARoger Clemens BOS2.62Dennis Martínez MTL2.39
SORoger Clemens BOS241David Cone NYM241
SVBryan Harvey CAL46Lee Smith STL47
SBRickey Henderson OAK58Marquis Grissom MTL76

Standings

Postseason

Bracket

League Championship Series
(ALCS, NLCS)
World Series
      
East Toronto 1
West Minnesota 4
AL Minnesota 4
NL Atlanta 3
East Pittsburgh 3
West Atlanta 4

Managers

American League

Team Manager Comments
Baltimore Orioles Frank Robinson Replaced during the season by Johnny Oates
Boston Red Sox Joe Morgan
California Angels Doug Rader Replaced during the season by Buck Rodgers
Chicago White Sox Jeff Torborg
Cleveland Indians John McNamara Replaced during the season by Mike Hargrove
Detroit Tigers Sparky Anderson
Kansas City Royals John Wathan Replaced during the season by Hal McRae
Milwaukee Brewers Tom Trebelhorn
Minnesota Twins Tom Kelly Won the World Series
New York Yankees Stump Merrill
Oakland Athletics Tony La Russa
Seattle Mariners Jim Lefebvre
Texas Rangers Bobby Valentine
Toronto Blue Jays Cito Gaston Replaced temporarily by Gene Tenace while undergoing treatment for a herniated disc. Won AL East

National League

Team Manager Comments
Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox Won National League pennant
Chicago Cubs Don Zimmer Replaced during the season by Jim Essian
Cincinnati Reds Lou Piniella
Houston Astros Art Howe
Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda
Montreal Expos Buck Rodgers Replaced during the season by Tom Runnels
New York Mets Bud Harrelson Replaced during the season by Mike Cubbage
Philadelphia Phillies Nick Leyva Replaced during the season by Jim Fregosi
Pittsburgh Pirates Jim Leyland Won NL East
St. Louis Cardinals Joe Torre
San Diego Padres Greg Riddoch
San Francisco Giants Roger Craig

Home Field Attendance & Payroll

Team Name Wins Home attendance Per Game Est. Payroll
Toronto Blue Jays[1] 91 5.8% 4,001,527 3.0% 49,402 $19,902,417 3.3%
Los Angeles Dodgers[2] 93 8.1% 3,348,170 11.5% 41,335 $32,790,664 48.9%
Chicago White Sox[3] 87 -7.4% 2,934,154 46.5% 36,224 $16,919,667 57.8%
Oakland Athletics[4] 84 -18.4% 2,713,493 -6.4% 33,500 $36,999,167 84.2%
Boston Red Sox[5] 84 -4.5% 2,562,435 1.3% 31,635 $35,167,500 68.6%
Baltimore Orioles[6] 67 -11.8% 2,552,753 5.7% 31,515 $17,519,000 73.5%
St. Louis Cardinals[7] 84 20.0% 2,448,699 -4.8% 29,151 $21,860,001 3.9%
California Angels[8] 81 1.3% 2,416,236 -5.5% 29,830 $33,060,001 47.5%
Cincinnati Reds[9] 74 -18.7% 2,372,377 -1.2% 29,289 $26,305,333 81.8%
Chicago Cubs[10] 77 0.0% 2,314,250 3.1% 27,883 $23,380,667 60.2%
Texas Rangers[11] 85 2.4% 2,297,720 11.7% 28,367 $18,224,500 16.8%
Minnesota Twins[12] 95 28.4% 2,293,842 31.0% 28,319 $23,361,833 53.0%
New York Mets[13] 77 -15.4% 2,284,484 -16.4% 27,860 $32,590,001 48.7%
Kansas City Royals[14] 82 9.3% 2,161,537 -3.7% 26,686 $26,319,834 8.9%
Seattle Mariners[15] 83 7.8% 2,147,905 42.3% 26,517 $15,691,833 21.9%
Atlanta Braves[16] 94 44.6% 2,140,217 118.4% 26,422 $18,403,500 22.2%
Pittsburgh Pirates[17] 98 3.2% 2,065,302 0.8% 24,587 $23,634,667 51.9%
Philadelphia Phillies[18] 78 1.3% 2,050,012 2.9% 24,699 $22,487,332 63.7%
New York Yankees[19] 71 6.0% 1,863,733 -7.1% 23,009 $27,344,168 28.3%
San Diego Padres[20] 84 12.0% 1,804,289 -2.8% 22,275 $22,150,001 24.5%
San Francisco Giants[21] 75 -11.8% 1,737,478 -12.0% 21,450 $30,967,666 43.6%
Detroit Tigers[22] 84 6.3% 1,641,661 9.8% 20,267 $23,838,333 29.6%
Milwaukee Brewers[23] 83 12.2% 1,478,729 -15.6% 18,484 $23,115,500 14.7%
Houston Astros[24] 65 -13.3% 1,196,152 -8.8% 14,767 $12,852,500 -31.5%
Cleveland Indians[25] 57 -26.0% 1,051,863 -14.2% 12,828 $17,635,000 16.0%
Montreal Expos[26] 71 -16.5% 934,742 -31.9% 13,746 $10,732,333 -38.1%

Television coverage

NetworkDay of weekAnnouncers
CBS Saturday afternoons Jack Buck, Tim McCarver, Dick Stockton, Jim Kaat
ESPN Sunday nights
Tuesday nights
Wednesday nights
Friday nights
Jon Miller, Joe Morgan

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

  • October 2 – Atlanta Braves pitcher Tom Glavine becomes the first 20-game winner in the majors by beating the Cincinnati Reds. The win assures Glavine of the Cy Young Award when it is given in November.
  • October 2 – The Toronto Blue Jays capture their third American League East title since 1985 by beating the California Angels 6–5 on a walk-off RBI single by Joe Carter. The same day, the Blue Jays become the first team to ever play before more than four million fans in a single season.
  • October 3 – Chicago White Sox catcher Carlton Fisk hits two home runs, including a grand slam, to lead the White Sox to a 13–12 victory over the Minnesota Twins. In doing so, just nine months shy of his 44th birthday, Fisk becomes the oldest 20th-century player to collect a two-HR game. His 7th-inning grand slam off Steve Bedrosian also makes him the oldest major leaguer ever to hit a bases-loaded homer. Cap Anson, at 45, hit two home runs on this date in 1897, and is the oldest major league player to hit a pair.
  • October 4 - The Seattle Mariners won their 82nd game over the Chicago White Sox, to post their first winning season.
  • October 5 – The Atlanta Braves become the second team in two weeks to go from last to first when they beat the Houston Astros, 5–2. Moments later, the San Francisco Giants eliminate their arch-rivals, the Los Angeles Dodgers, when Trevor Wilson pitches a 4–0 complete game shutout, handing the National League West division title to the Braves. John Smoltz gets his fourteenth win of the season as the Braves close out with eight consecutive wins after trailing the Dodgers by two with only ten games left to play.
  • October 6 – New York Mets pitcher David Cone ties a National League record by striking out 19 Philadelphia Phillies in a 7–0 Mets win over their rivals.
  • October 7 – Leo Durocher, who is credited with the phrase 'nice guys finish last,' dies at the age of 86. The same day, the New York Yankees fire Stump Merrill, the ninth major league manager fired in 1991.
  • October 8 – Despite finishing in second, their lowest finish in his 3½ years as manager, the Boston Red Sox dismiss Joe Morgan and replace him with Butch Hobson. Morgan is the tenth manager fired in 1991.
  • October 9 – Tom Trebelhorn becomes the eleventh managerial casualty of 1991 despite a record of 40–19 and a finish over .500 with the Milwaukee Brewers.
  • October 10 – Despite the large number of firings, the New York Mets hire Jeff Torborg as their new manager, replacing Bud Harrelson. On the same day, however, the Seattle Mariners fire Jim Lefebvre, the twelfth firing of 1991.
  • October 18 – Jim Essian, who replaced Don Zimmer in May, is fired as manager of the Chicago Cubs, the thirteenth and last firing of a manager in 1991. The thirteen firings in a season set a majors record that still stands.
  • October 27 – The Minnesota Twins become the World Series Champions with a 1–0 victory behind Jack Morris' masterful 10-inning shutout. Gene Larkin's single off Atlanta Braves reliever Alejandro Peña scores Dan Gladden with the game's only run. The game is the first Game Seven to go into extra innings since the 1924 World Series between the Washington Senators and New York Giants. Morris is named the Series MVP for the Twins, who win all four games at home while losing all three in Atlanta. Four of the seven games are decided on the final pitch, while five are decided by a single run, and three in extra innings. All are Series records.
  • November 18 – Bobby Bonilla leaves the Pittsburgh Pirates for the New York Mets and becomes the first five-million dollar a year player in major league baseball history.
  • November 25 – The Montreal Expos trade first baseman Andrés Galarraga to the St. Louis Cardinals for starting pitcher Ken Hill. Galarraga will struggle for St. Louis before enjoying a career renaissance with the Colorado Rockies in 1993.

References

  1. "Toronto Blue Jays Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  2. "Los Angeles Dodgers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  3. "Chicago White Sox Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  4. "Oakland Athletics Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  5. "Boston Red Sox Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  6. "Baltimore Orioles Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  7. "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  8. "Los Angeles Angels Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  9. "Cincinnati Reds Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  10. "Chicago Cubs Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  11. "Texas Rangers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  12. "Minnesota Twins Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  13. "New York Mets Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  14. "Kansas City Royals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  15. "Seattle Mariners Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  16. "Atlanta Braves Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  17. "Pittsburgh Pirates Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  18. "Oakland Athletics Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  19. "New York Yankees Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  20. "San Diego Padres Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  21. "San Francisco Giants Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  22. "Detroit Tigers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  23. "Milwaukee Brewers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  24. "Cleveland Indians Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  25. "Cleveland Indians Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  26. "Washington Nationals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  27. Giuliotti, Ed (April 14, 1991). "Van Slyke Creates Sticky Situation Over Helmet Decals". Sun-Sentinel. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
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