1980 Pacific typhoon season

The 1980 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1980, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Tropical storms which formed in the entire west Pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

1980 Pacific typhoon season
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedFebruary 12, 1980
Last system dissipatedDecember 21, 1980
Strongest storm
  Maximum winds220 km/h (140 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
  Lowest pressure890 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions44
Total storms24
Super typhoons2 (unofficial)
Total fatalities493 total
Total damage$195 million (1980 USD)
Related articles

A total of 28 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 24 became tropical storms. Beginning in March, tropical cyclones formed in each subsequent month through December. Of the 28, 15 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 2 reached super typhoon strength. Seven tropical cyclones moved through the Philippines this season.

Seasonal summary

Typhoon Betty (1980)Typhoon Kim (1980)Typhoon Joe (1980)

A total of 28 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 24 became tropical storms. Of the 28, 15 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 2 reached super typhoon strength. Seven tropical cyclones moved through the Philippines this season.


Tropical Depression Asiang

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
DurationFebruary 12 – February 14
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 

Tropical Depression 01W (Biring)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationMarch 19 – March 29
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min) 1002 hPa (mbar)

1W hit the Philippines in March.

Severe Tropical Storm Carmen

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationApril 5 (Entered basin) – April 7 (Exited basin)
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min) 985 hPa (mbar)

On April 4, a tropical depression formed just east of the International Date Line.[1] At the time, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) designated it tropical depression 02W. As it moved generally northwestwards, it strengthened into a tropical storm just before crossing the dateline, but only received a name in the northwest Pacific, being designated Carmen.[1] After peaking with maximum sustained winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) on April 6,Carmen recurved northeast and crossed the International Date Line, entering the central Pacific on April 7.[1] The JTWC subsequently relinquished responsibility to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center. Carmen lost its initial motion and stalled in the area, ultimately weakening in to a tropical depression on April 8.[1] The depression dissipated the following day and the remnant low returned to western Pacific.[1]

Tropical Depression Konsing

Tropical depression (PAGASA)
DurationApril 28 – May 1
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 

Typhoon Dom (Ditang)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationMay 7 – May 22
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min) 960 hPa (mbar)

Dom brushed the Philippines.

Typhoon Ellen

Violent typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationMay 13 – May 22
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min) 930 hPa (mbar)

Ellen had no effect on land.

Severe Tropical Storm Forrest (Gloring)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationMay 19 – May 26
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min) 992 hPa (mbar)

Forrest hit the Philippines.

Severe Tropical Storm Georgia (Edeng)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationMay 19 – May 25
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min) 980 hPa (mbar)

Georgia threatened Hong Kong.

Severe Tropical Storm Herbert (Huaning)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationJune 22 – June 29
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min) 990 hPa (mbar)

Herbert also threatened Hong Kong, and made landfall in Hainan and later in mainland China.

Tropical Depression Isang

Tropical depression (JMA)
DurationJune 29 – July 2
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 998 hPa (mbar)

Isang made landfall in the Philippines on June 30 and moved into the South China Sea before dissipating two days later on July 2.

Typhoon Ida (Lusing)

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 5 – July 13
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 980 hPa (mbar)

Ida passed south of Taiwan and moved ashore in China just north of Hong Kong.

Typhoon Joe (Nitang)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 15 – July 23
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min) 940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Joe, which developed on July 16 from the near equatorial trough, hit eastern Luzon on the 20th. It weakened over island, but restrengthened in the South China Sea to a 100 mph typhoon before making landfall on Hainan Island on the 22nd. Joe made its final landfall that night on northern Vietnam before dissipating on the 23rd. Joe caused heavy damage and an estimated 19 deaths in the Philippines with many more in Vietnam. The exact numbers are unknown due to Typhoon Kim hitting just four days later.

Tropical Depression 10W (Maring)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 15 – July 19
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1000 hPa (mbar)

10W threatened the Philippines.

Typhoon Kim (Osang)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 19 – July 27
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min) 910 hPa (mbar)

Like Typhoon Joe, Kim formed from the near equatorial monsoon trough on July 19. It tracked quickly westward-northwest underneath a subtropical ridge, reaching tropical storm strength on the July 21 and typhoon strength on July 23. After developing an eye, Kim began to rapidly intensify, and during the afternoon of July 24, peaked in intensity as a super typhoon. Several hours later, Kim made landfall over the Philippines, but the storm had weakened considerably by this time. Throughout the Philippines, 40 people were killed, two via drownings, and 19,000 others were directly affected. A total of 12,000 homes were destroyed and 5,000 villages received flooded. Less than a week earlier, the same areas were affected by Joe; however, Kim was considered the more damaging of the two typhoons. Land interaction took toll on Kim, and upon entering the South China Sea, was down below typhoon intensity. Kim continued northwestward, but with its disrupted circulation, it remained a tropical storm until hitting southern China July 27 to the northeast of Hong Kong, where damage was minor. Later that day, Kim dissipated.

Typhoon Lex

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationJuly 28 – August 8
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min) 960 hPa (mbar)

Lex stayed at sea.

Typhoon Marge

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 8 – August 15
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min) 945 hPa (mbar)

Marge stayed at sea.

Tropical Depression 14W (Paring)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 15 – August 19
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1000 hPa (mbar)

14W was short-lived.

Typhoon Norris (Reming)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 23 – August 28
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min) 945 hPa (mbar)

Norris hit Taiwan.

Typhoon Orchid (Toyang)

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 4 – September 11
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 960 hPa (mbar)

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on September 1. It tracked northwestward, remaining disorganized and dissipating on the 5th. Another tropical depression developed to the east of the old circulation, quickly becoming the primary circulation and intensifying to a tropical storm on the 6th. With generally weak steering currents, Orchid looped three times on its track, strengthening to a typhoon on the 9th and reaching a peak of 95 mph winds on the 10th. Early on the 11th the storm hit southwestern Japan, and became extratropical that day over the Japan Sea. Orchid caused considerable damage from high winds and rain, resulting in at least nine casualties with 112 missing. It was also responsible for the September 10th loss of the MV Derbyshire, a large 91,655 ton bulk carrier which sank on 9 September with all 44 hands on board due to very rough seas. It remains the largest British flagged ship to be lost at sea.

Typhoon Percy (Undang)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 13 – September 19
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min) 915 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Percy struck southern Taiwan on September 18. A day later, with its circulation and low-level inflow greatly disrupted, 50 mph Tropical Storm Percy hit southeastern China, and dissipated later that night. 7 people died in the storm, with moderate damage on its path.

Severe Tropical Storm Ruth

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 12 – September 16
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min) 980 hPa (mbar)

A monsoon depression transitioned into a tropical depression on September 13 in the South China Sea. It initially moved southward, then turned to the west-northwest, reaching tropical storm strength late on the 13th. Ruth crossed Hainan Island on the 14th and 15th, becoming a typhoon late on the 15th before hitting northern Vietnam on the 16th. The typhoon left nearly half a million homeless, with 106 known dead or missing in Vietnam.

Typhoon Sperry

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 14 – September 23
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min) 975 hPa (mbar)

Sperry did not affect land.

Severe Tropical Storm Thelma

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 25 – September 30
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min) 975 hPa (mbar)

Thelma stayed at sea as a tropical storm.

Typhoon Vernon

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationSeptember 27 – October 3
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min) 935 hPa (mbar)

Vernon was a potent typhoon that stayed from land.

Typhoon Wynne (Welpring)

Violent typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 3 – October 14
Peak intensity220 km/h (140 mph) (10-min) 890 hPa (mbar)

Wynne was the strongest storm of the season, reaching a peak of 175 mph (282 km/h) winds and a pressure of 890 mbar. As a strengthening category 1 storm, it rapidly intensified to become the strongest storm of the season, deepening 85 mb from 975 mb to 890 mb in 23 hours 56 minutes between 0240 UTC October 8 and 0236 UTC October 9, 1980.[2] It caused 6 power outages in Japan, and 10 deaths.

Tropical Storm Alex

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 9 – October 14
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 998 hPa (mbar)

Alex stayed over water.

Typhoon Betty (Aring)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 28 – November 7
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min) 925 hPa (mbar)

Betty hit the Philippines as a strong typhoon. Betty killed 101 people in the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Cary (Yoning)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationOctober 28 – November 2
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)

Cary moved into the South China Sea.

Tropical Depression Basiang

Tropical depression (JMA)
DurationNovember 13 – November 16
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1004 hPa (mbar)

Basiang formed in the South China Sea on November 13 before moving erratically and making landfall in Vietnam on November 16 and dissipating on the same day.

Typhoon Dinah

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
DurationNovember 18 – November 25
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min) 950 hPa (mbar)

Dinah hit the Northern Mariana Islands directly. Saipan sustained significant damage.

Tropical Depression Kayang

Tropical depression (JMA)
DurationNovember 19 – November 21
Peak intensityWinds not specified 1004 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Ed (Dorang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
DurationDecember 14 – December 21
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 990 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance was first observed near Yap on the 14th of December. The disturbance moved westward at between 12 and 15 kt (22 to 28 km/hr) as its convective activity and overall organization continued to improve. A Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) was issued when a reconnaissance aircraft observed a well-defined low-level circulation with a minimum sea-level pressure of 1004 mb. The disturbance was upgraded to Tropical Storm Ed on December 15. It then became evident from synoptic analyses that Ed was moving into an area which was unfavorable for continued development. Eventually, after most of the storm's convection had been sheared off, Ed's surface center began to track to the southwest under the influence of the strong surface ridge to the north. Dissipation as a tropical cyclone was completed on the 24th as the remnants of Ed moved into northern Mindanao.

Storm names

During the season 24 named tropical cyclones developed in the Western Pacific and were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, when it was determined that they had become tropical storms. These names were contributed to a revised list which started on 1979.



Auxiliary list
BasiangKayangDorangEnang (unused)Grasing (unused)

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 6 of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 1984 season. This is the same list used for the 1976 season, with the exception of Ditang, which replaced Didang. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray.

Season effects

This table will list all the storms that developed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean west of the International Date Line and north of the equator during 1980. It will include their intensity, duration, name, areas affected, deaths, and damage totals. Classification and intensity values will be based on estimations conducted by the JMA, the JTWC, and/or PAGASA. Peak wind speeds are in ten-minute sustained standards unless otherwise noted. All damage figures will be in 1981 USD. Damages and deaths from a storm will include when the storm was a precursor wave or an extratropical low.

Name Dates Peak intensity Areas affected Damage
Deaths Refs
Category Wind speed Pressure
AsiangFebruary 12–14Tropical depression55 km/h (35 mph)1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)PhilippinesNoneNone
TDFebruary 23–28Tropical depressionNot specified1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)Caroline Islands, Mariana IslandsNoneNone
01W (Biring)March 19–28Tropical depression55 km/h (35 mph)1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)Caroline Islands, PhilippinesNoneNone
CarmenApril 5–7Severe tropical storm110 km/h (70 mph)985 hPa (29.09 inHg)Marshall IslandsNoneNone
KonsingApril 28–14Tropical depression55 km/h (35 mph)1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)PhilippinesNoneNone
Dom (Ditang)May 7–22Typhoon155 km/h (100 mph)960 hPa (28.35 inHg)Caroline Islands, PhilippinesNoneNone
EllenMay 7–22Typhoon195 km/h (120 mph)930 hPa (27.46 inHg)Mariana IslandsNoneNone
Forrest (Gloring)May 19–26Severe tropical storm100 km/h (65 mph)992 hPa (29.29 inHg)Caroline Islands, Philippines, Ryukyu IslandsNoneNone
Georgia (Edeng)May 19–25Severe tropical storm100 km/h (65 mph)980 hPa (28.94 inHg)ChinaNoneNone
Herbert (Huaning)June 22–29Severe tropical storm95 km/h (60 mph)990 hPa (29.23 inHg)Philippines, South ChinaNoneNone
IsangJune 29 – July 2Tropical depression45 km/h (30 mph)998 hPa (29.47 inHg)PhilippinesNoneNone
TDJuly 3–4Tropical depressionNot specified1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)Caroline IslandsNoneNone
Ida (Lusing)July 5–13Typhoon130 km/h (85 mph)960 hPa (28.35 inHg)Philippines, Taiwan, ChinaUnknownNone
10W (Maring)July 15–19Tropical depression55 km/h (35 mph)1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)Philippines, South ChinaNoneNone
Joe (Nitang)July 15–24Typhoon155 km/h (100 mph)940 hPa (27.76 inHg)Philippines, South China, Vietnam$14.5 million351
Kim (Osang)July 19–27Typhoon185 km/h (115 mph)910 hPa (26.87 inHg)Philippines, South China, TaiwanUnknown41
LexJuly 28 – August 8Typhoon140 km/h (85 mph)960 hPa (28.35 inHg)Soviet UnionNoneNone
MargeAugust 8–15Typhoon165 km/h (105 mph)945 hPa (27.91 inHg)NoneNoneNone
TDAugust 10–12Tropical depressionNot specified1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)NoneNoneNone
14W (Paring)July 15–19Tropical depression55 km/h (35 mph)1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)Philippines, South ChinaNoneNone
TDAugust 22–23Tropical depressionNot specified1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)NoneNoneNone
Norris (Reming)July 28 – August 8Typhoon175 km/h (110 mph)945 hPa (27.91 inHg)Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, East ChinaNoneNone
TDAugust 26Tropical depressionNot specified1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)PhilippinesNoneNone
SeniangAugust 30Tropical depression45 km/h (30 mph)1006 hPa (29.71 inHg)NoneNoneNone
Orchid (Toyang)September 4–11Typhoon130 km/h (80 mph)960 hPa (28.35 inHg)JapanUnknown53
TDSeptember 4–6Tropical depressionNot specified1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)Vietnam, LaosNoneNone
RuthSeptember 12–16Severe tropical storm100 km/h (65 mph)980 hPa (28.94 inHg)South China, Vietnam, LaosUnknown106
Percy (Undang)September 13–19Typhoon185 km/h (115 mph)915 hPa (27.02 inHg)Philippines, Taiwan, ChinaUnknown7
TDSeptember 25Tropical depressionNot specified1010 hPa (29.83 inHg)VietnamNoneNone
TDOctober 5–8Tropical depressionNot specified1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)Mariana IslandsNoneNone
TDOctober 27–28Tropical depressionNot specified1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)VietnamNoneNone
TDOctober 28–29Tropical depressionNot specified1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)VietnamNoneNone
BasiangNovember 13–16Tropical depression45 km/h (30 mph)1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)VietnamNoneNone
KayangNovember 19–21Tropical depression55 km/h (35 mph)1004 hPa (29.65 inHg)Mariana IslandsNoneNone
Season aggregates
44 systemsFebruary 12 – December 21, 1980220 km/h (140 mph)890 hPa (26.28 inHg)$280 million493

See also


  1. Pao-Shin Chu; Peng Wu (2008). Climatic Atlas of Tropical Cyclone Tracks over the Central North Pacific (PDF) (Report). University of Hawaii-Manoa. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  2. "1980 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center.
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