Questions about the statistical process of sampling from a population, in order to obtain information for use in statistical learning, estimation, hypothesis testing about some population or process. Use this tag along with the tags (probability), (probability-theory) or (statistics).

# Questions tagged [sampling]

1240 questions

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### uniform random point in triangle in 3D

Suppose you have an arbitrary triangle with vertices $A$, $B$, and $C$. This paper (section 4.2) says that you can generate a random point, $P$, uniformly from within triangle $ABC$ by the following convex combination of the vertices:
$P = (1 -…

dsg

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### Uniform sampling of points on a simplex

I have this problem: I'm trying to sample the relation
$$
\sum_{i=1}^N x_i = 1
$$
in the domain where $x_i>0\ \forall i$. Right now I'm just extracting $N$ random numbers $u_i$ from a uniform distribution $[0,1]$ and then I transform them into $x_i$…

LordM'zn

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### Probability to choose specific item in a "weighted sampling without replacement" experiment

Given $n$ items with weight $w_n$ each -- what is the probability that item $i$ is chosen in a $k$-out-of-$n$ "weighted random sampling without replacement" experiment? Can a closed-form solution that depends only on $w_i / w_\cdot$ be derived…

krlmlr

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### How does accuracy of a survey depend on sample size and population size?

Which survey is more accurate? Assume the samples are taken perfectly randomly.
A sample of 100 people out of a population of 1000 (sample is 10% of population)
A sample of 1000 people out of a population of 1000000 (sample is 0.1% of…

Colonel Panic

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### Multivariate Inverse Transformation Sampling

Summary
Given a multivariate density distribution, I use inverse transformation sampling to sample points from this distribution. While the first dimension exhibits the correct distribution, all other dimensions contain a slight, stable…

Nico Schertler

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### What is the distribution of gaps?

Randomly select $n$ numbers from the universe $\{1,2\dots,m\}$ with or without replacement, and sort the numbers in ascending order.
We can get a list of number $\{a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n\}$, and then we can get the difference between two consecutive…

Fan Zhang

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### Bob took a quiz

Bob took a quiz consisting of 500 questions with two options: Yes and No. Bob did not prepare for the quiz. Flustered, he hastily reached for a fair coin in his wallet and started to toss this coin for answers. Whenever the coin landed heads, he…

Loki123

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### Constructing a probability measure on the Hypercube with given moments

Let $H = [-1, 1]^d$ be the $d$-dimensional hypercube, and let $\mu \in \text{int} H$.
Under these conditions, I can explicitly construct a tractable probability measure $P$, supported on on $H$, which has $\mu$ as its mean. For my purposes,…

πr8

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### Sampling from a $2$d normal with a given covariance matrix

How would one sample from the $2$-dimensional normal distribution with mean $0$ and covariance matrix $$\begin{bmatrix} a & b\\b & c \end{bmatrix}$$ given the ability to sample from the standard ($1$-dimensional) normal distribution?
This seems like…

user57159

**10**

votes

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### Analytic Center of Convex Polytope

I have a convex polytope defined by $Ax \leq b$.
I want to know how to find the "analytic center" of my convex polytope, because my goal is to sample from the polytope using Monte-Carlo Markov Chains, and it mixes better if i start from the…

Andy Yao

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### What does it mean to sample, in measure theoretic terms?

Suppose I have some random variable $X$ defined on some probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$. What does it mean, in measure theoretic terms, to draw a sample from $X$?
When $\Omega$ is finite, things make sense: we might say nature…

zenna

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### Notation for sampling random variate

Is there standard notation for sampling a value from a probability distribution? Like, if I had a random variable $X$, setting $x$ to whatever value I happened to sample from $X$ on this occasion? I was thinking just $x \gets X$, but that seems…

Sneftel

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### Randomly generate a sorted set with uniform distribution

I have an ordered set $S = \langle S_1, S_2, .., S_M \rangle$ from which I want to draw a sample of $N$ elements in such a way that the sample is non-strictly totally ordered (as with $\leq$ and the integers), and all the possible occur with equal…

Setzer22

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### How is a Halton sequence related to a Latin hypercube?

I currently use a Halton sequence to choose parameter sets for a prognostic model (e.g. using metabolic rate and protein content parameters to predict growth rate).
From my understanding, both a Halton sequence and a Latin Hypercube can be used to…

Abe

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### A procedure for sampling paths in a directed acyclic graph

Consider a directed acyclic graph $\mathcal{G} = (\mathcal{N},\mathcal{E})$. Assume that the graph is very large (on the order of 10000 nodes and edges).
Let there be a set of nodes termed starting nodes denoted by…

jonem

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