Questions tagged [projective-geometry]

Projective geometry is closely related to perspective geometry. These types of geometry originated with artists around the 14th century.

Projective Geometry is the study of the descriptive properties of geometric figures. It deals with objects/shapes that have been distorted/skewed by perspective transformations.

The Projective Plane:

1.) Homogeneous coordinates

2.) The Principle of Duality

3.) Pencil of lines

4.) Cross Ratio

5.) Conics

6.) Absolute Point

7.) Collineations

8.) Laguerre formula

Howard Eves and Carroll V. Newsom. An Introduction to the Foundations and Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, rev. ed. edition, 1965.

H. S. M. Coxeter. Projective Geometry. Blaisdell Publishing Company, 1964.

H. S. M. Coxeter. The Real Projective Plane. McGraw Hill Book Company, Inc. 1949.

William P. Berlinghoff and Fernando Q. Gouvea. Math through the Ages: A Gentle History for Teachers and Others. Oxton House Publ. and Mathematical Association of America, expanded edition, 2004.

Birchfield, Stanley.1998.

C. D. H. Cooper. 2010. Geometry: Projective Geometry Symmetry Ruler and Compass.

Joseph L. Mundy and Andrew Zisserman. Appendix – Projective Geometry for Machine Vision. (pg. 463 – 518). mundy.pdf

Snuoht. Basic Projective Geometry (Aug 2009).

See here for more.

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Finding the Transform matrix from 4 projected points (with Javascript)

I'm working on a project using Chrome - JS and Webkit 3D CSS3 transform matrix. The final goal is to create a tool for artistic projects using projectors and animation - somewhat far away from using maths... I'm using a projector to project several…
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Help understanding Algebraic Geometry

I while ago I started reading Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry and it almost immediately felt like I hit a brick wall. I have some experience with category theory and abstract algebra but not with algebraic or projective geometry. I'm wondering if…
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Geometry or topology behind the "impossible staircase"

This question on the topology of Escher games reminded me of a question I've had in my head for a little while now. Is there anything interesting geometric or topological that can be said about the so-called "impossible staircase"? Motivation: The…
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What is a good book to study classical projective geometry for the reader familiar with algebraic geometry?

The more I study algebraic geometry, the more I realize how I should have studied projective geometry in depth before. Not that I don't understand projective space (on the contrary, I am well versed in several different constructions of it), but I…
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How should I think about very ample sheaves?

Definition. [Hartshorne] If $X$ is any scheme over $Y$, an invertible sheaf $\mathcal{L}$ is very ample relative to $Y$, if there is an imersion $i\colon X \to \mathbb{P}_Y^r$ for some $r$ such that $i^\ast(\mathcal{O}(1)) \simeq \mathcal{L}$. My…
Derek Allums
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Plücker Relations

Let $K$ be a field, $1 \leq d \leq n$ integers and $V$ an $n$-dimensional vector space. The Plücker relations are quadratic forms on $\wedge^d V$ whose zero set is exactly the set of decomposable vectors in $\wedge^d V$ (i.e. which are of the form…
Martin Brandenburg
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The genus of the Fermat curve $x^d+y^d+z^d=0$

I need to calculate the genus of the Fermat Curve, and I'd like to be reviewed on what I have done so far; I'm not secure of my argumentation. Such curve is defined as the zero locus $$X=\{[x:y:z]\in\mathbb{P}^2:x^d+y^d+z^d=0\}$$ It is defined by…
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Name for a body that can be completely described using its silhouettes

I'm shooting blind over here because I have no background in this field of mathematics. I assume that if you have a body (in $\mathbb{R}^3$), you can call it convex if any segment from one point inside of the body to another point inside of it is…
Luka Horvat
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homeomorphism between the real projective line and a circle

I'm currently following an introductory course in geometry and it was mentioned that the real projective line is homeomorphic to a circle. Could someone please state the topologies on both the real projective line and the circle and a corresponding…
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How do you create projective plane out of a finite field?

I have heard and read unclear mentions of links between projective planes and finite fields. Is it possible to construct a projective plane (or a Steiner system) starting out with a field? Could you, for example, construct the Fano plane with help…
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What is the difference between projective geometry and affine geometry?

I recently started reading the book Multiple View Geometry by Hartley and Zisserman. In the first chapter, I came across the following concepts. Projective geometry is an extension of Euclidean geometry with two lines always meeting at a point. In…
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If a line bundle and its dual both have a section (on a projective variety) does this imply that the bundle is trivial?

Is there any reason that, on a projective variety X, if a line bundle L has a (non-zero) section and also its dual has a section then this implies that L is the trivial line bundle?
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Learning projective geometry

My ultimate goal is to learn some algebraic geometry with the more concrete immediate goal of understanding things like how $\mathbb R\mathrm P^2$ is embedded in $\mathbb C\mathrm P^2$ or how $\mathbb C\mathrm P^2$ can be realised as the symmetric…
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Is a divisor in the hyperplane class necessarily a hyperplane divisor?

Let $V$ be a smooth irreducible projective curve over an algebraically closed field $k$, embedded in some projective space $\mathbb{P}^n$, and let $[H]$ be the induced hyperplane divisor class on $V$. Question. Suppose $D$ is an effective divisor on…
Zhen Lin
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The intersection of two parallel lines

My teacher told me that two parallel lines have a point of intersection, it is called Point at infinity. But I I can't understand how it can be true or how was it proved, can someone explain this to me? Thank you.
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