Questions tagged [operator-algebras]

The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects of the tags (banach-algebras), (c-star-algebras), (von-neumann-algebras), and (operator-theory).

The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects of , , , and .

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Are commutative C*-algebras really dual to locally compact Hausdorff spaces?

Several online sources (e.g. Wikipedia, the nLab) assert that the Gelfand representation defines a contravariant equivalence from the category of (non-unital) commutative $C^{\ast}$-algebras to the category of locally compact Hausdorff (LCH) spaces.…
Qiaochu Yuan
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Motivation for abstract harmonic analysis

I am reading Folland's A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis and find this book extremely exciting. However, it seems Folland does not give many examples to illustrate the motivation behind much of the theory. Thus, I wonder whether there is…
Hui Yu
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Norm of an inverse operator: $\|T^{-1}\|=\|T\|^{-1}$?

I am a beginner of funcional analysis. I have a simple question when I study this subject. Let $L(X)$ denote the Banach algebra of all bounded linear operators on Banach space X, $T\in X$ is invertible, then $||T^{-1}||=||T||^{-1}$? Is this result…
Yan kai
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Reference for spectral sequences

What are good expositions of spectral sequences, which include a thorough introduction to the topic as well as the most important examples of applications - maybe with an emphasis an topological and/or operator algebraic uses. I know that the…
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Why study operator spaces?

I'm currently enrolled in an operator spaces course and I'm finding it difficult to understand why we study them in the first place. Functional analysis is motivated well enough for me and even though I don't have a firm grasp on them, I guess I can…
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$C^*$-algebra which is also a Hilbert space?

Does there exist a nontrivial (i.e. other than $\mathbb{C}$) example of a $C^*$-algebra which is also a Hilbert space (in the same norm, of course)? For $\mathbb{C}^n$ with $n > 1$ the answer is no by uniqueness of norm in $C^*$-algebras, since…
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Is there an algebraic homomorphism between two Banach algebras which is not continuous?

According to wikipedia, you need the Axiom of Choice to find a discontinuous map between two Banach spaces. Does this procedure also apply for Banach algebras yielding a discontinuous multiplicative linear map? Or, is there some obstruction,…
Rasmus
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A question about pure state

For every unit vector $x$ in a Hilbert space $H$,let $F_x$ be the linear functional on $\mathcal B(H)$ (bounded linear operators) defined by $F_x(T)=(Tx,x)$. Prove that each $F_x$ is pure state and $\mathcal B(H)$ has pure states which are not like…
Strongart
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Is this a characterization of commutative $C^{*}$-algebras

Assume that $A$ is a $C^{*}$-algebra such that $\forall a,b \in A, ab=0 \iff ba=0$. Is $A$ necessarily a commutative algebra? In particular does "$\forall a,b \in A, ab=0 \iff ba=0$" imply that $\parallel ab \parallel$ is uniformly…
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When two projections in a C*-algebra are "almost" Murray-von Neumann equivalent, they are equivalent

Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and $p,q \in A$ be projections. Assume there is an element $a\in A$ such that $\|aa^*-p\|<\frac{1}{4}$ and $\|a^*a-q\|<\frac{1}{4}$. Then there is a partial isometry $v$ with $vv^*=p$ and $v^*v=q$. This is considered obvious…
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How does $\sigma(T)$ change with respect to $T$?

Consider $\sigma$ as a mapping which maps $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ to $\sigma(T)$, the spectrum of $T$, a compact set in the complex plane. I wonder whether there is some result concerning how $\sigma(T)$ changes when $T$ changes. For instance, how is…
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Ideals in $C(X)$

Let $X$ be a Hausdorf Compact topological space. Please help me to show, for the purpose of understanding an example in some of my lecture notes, that the closed ideals in $C(X)$ are of the following form: $I_C=\{f|f(C)={0\}}$ and $C$ is a closed…
Jeff
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Derivation into dense ideal of Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $I$ be an ideal of $A$. A derivation $D\colon A\to I$ is a linear bounded map, with the following property: $$D(ab)=aD(b)+D(a)b,\qquad a,b\in A.$$ Suppose that $I$ is dense in $A$, and any derivation $D\colon A\to I$…
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Is a von Neumann algebra just a C*-algebra which is generated by its projections?

von Neumann algebras have the nice property that they are generated by their projections (the elements satisfying $e = e^{\ast} = e^2$) in the sense that they are the norm closure of the subspace generated by projections. This is a sensible property…
Qiaochu Yuan
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Motivations for and connections between the topologies of Vietoris, Fell and Chabauty

My main interest is in the Chabauty topology on the space of closed subgroups of a locally compact topological group, merely out of curiosity. Wikipedia states "it is an adaptation of the Fell topology construction, which itself derives from the…
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