Questions tagged [littlewood-paley-theory]

For questions about the littlewood-paley theory, a theoretical framework used to extend certain results about L2 functions to Lp functions for 1 < p < ∞.

In harmonic analysis, Littlewood–Paley theory is a theoretical framework used to extend certain results about L2 functions to Lp functions for 1 < p < ∞. It is typically used as a substitute for orthogonality arguments which only apply to Lp functions when p = 2. One implementation involves studying a function by decomposing it in terms of functions with localized frequencies, and using the Littlewood–Paley g-function to compare it with its Poisson integral. The 1-variable case was originated by J. E. Littlewood and Raymond Paley (1931, 1937, 1938) and developed further by Polish mathematicians A. Zygmund and J. Marcinkiewicz in the 1930s using complex function theory (Zygmund 2002, chapters XIV, XV). E. M. Stein later extended the theory to higher dimensions using real variable techniques.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Littlewood%E2%80%93Paley_theory

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Prove or disprove a claim related to $L^p$ space

The following question is just a toy model: Let $f:[0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be Lebesgue integrable, and suppose that for any $0\le a
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Littlewood-Paley theorem at endpoints

Given $\phi$ a smooth real radial function supported on the closed ball supported on $\{0\leq \xi \leq 2\}$ and is identically $1$ on $\{0\leq \xi \leq 1\}$, we define $$\psi(\xi) = \phi(\xi) - \phi(2\xi)$$ note that we have $\sum_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}…
Tony B
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Littlewood-Paley decomposition

Littlewood-Paley decomposition is a particular way of decomposing the phase space which takes a single function and writes it as a superposition of a countably infinite family of functions of varying frequencies. My question is: Can we apply…
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Orthogonality in $L^2$ in Littlewood-Paley theory

I recently began studying Litllewood-Paley Theory trough Grafakos book on fourier analysis, and yet in the beginning of the chapter the author states a motiovational fact about the $L^2$ spaces, being that if a family (and here i'm assuming it is a…
Daniel Moraes
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Continuous Littlewood-Paley Inequality

I am trying to prove Q13 from Terence Tao's Fourier Analysis notes (number 4): For every $t>0$, let $\psi_{t}:\mathbb{R}^{d}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a function obeying the estimates $$|\nabla^{j}\psi_{t}(\xi)|\lesssim_{d}…
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What is Littlewood–Paley theory?

Recently I have been reading Singular Integrals and Differentiability Properties of Functions by E. M. Stein, where Chapter IV is devoted to Littlewood–Paley theory. Whereas Stein explains clearly the main tools and features of the theory (e.g., the…
Colescu
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Littlewood-Paley decomposition with arbitrary dilation factor

In all harmonic analysis literature I've seen, the dilation factor people always use in the Littlewood-Paley decomposition is $2$, i.e. decompose the function dyadically. To be specific here's what happens: Let $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ be the…
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Proving Div-Curl Lemma through Paraproducts

I want to to prove the classical div-curl lemma of Coifman-Lions-Meyer-Semmes in the following form: Div-Curl Lemma. Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{n}$ be a Schwartz function such that $f$ is divergence free ($\nabla\cdot f=0$) and…
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Relation between Besov and Sobolev spaces (Littlewood-Paley-theory)

For the Sobolev-norm there holds $\Vert f\Vert_{W^{s,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)}\sim_{n,p,s}\left\Vert\left(\sum_{k\in\mathbb{N}_0}\left\vert (1+2^k)^sP_kf(x)\right\vert^2\right)^\frac{1}{2}\right\Vert_{L^p}$ with the Littlewood-Paley projections $P_kf$,…
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Fractional Sobolev Space Trace Inequality

Let $\phi\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ be a Schwartz function, such that ${\phi}\equiv 1$ on the unit ball $|\xi|\leq 1$ and $\text{supp}({\phi})\subset B_{2}(0)$. Set $\phi_{0}=\phi$ and $\phi_{j}=\phi(2^{-j}\cdot)-\phi(2^{-j+1}\cdot)$ for $j\geq…
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where to find a proof of Littlewood-Paley theorem by Khintchine's inequality

I heard that one application of Khintchine's inequality is the proof of Littlewood-Paley theorem. I only know a proof of Littlewood-Paley theorem using vector version of Calderon-Zygmund theorem. Can anyone provide me a reference (e.g. a textbook)…
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Littlewood-Paley theorem on an annulus

Suppose a smooth function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$ satisfies $$\text{supp}~\hat{f}\subset \{\xi:1<|\xi|<2\}$$ and set functions $f_k$ by saying $$\hat{f_k}:=\hat{f}~\chi_{\{1+2^{-k}<|\xi|<1+2^{-(k-1)}\}}.$$ (You may consider the…
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$L^{p}$ Boundedness of Fourier Multiplier without Littlewood-Paley

Suppose $\zeta\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ is a Schwartz function such that $\widehat{\zeta}$ is compactly supported away from the origin (say in the annulus $2^{-l_{0}}<\left|\xi\right|<2^{l_{0}}$ for some $l_{0}>0$). Let $\Delta_{j}^{\zeta}$ be…
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