Questions on the use of algebraic techniques for proving geometric facts. Analytic Geometry is a branch of algebra that is used to model geometric objects - points, (straight) lines, and circles being the most basic of these. It is concerned with defining and representing geometrical shapes in a numerical way.

**Analytic geometry**, also called **coordinate geometry**, mathematical subject in which algebraic symbolism and methods are used to represent and solve problems in geometry.

The **importance of analytic geometry** is that it establishes a correspondence between geometric curves and algebraic equations. This correspondence makes it possible to reformulate problems in geometry as equivalent problems in algebra, and vice versa; the methods of either subject can then be used to solve problems in the other.

Analytic geometry was introduced by René Descartes in $1637$ and was of fundamental importance in the development of the calculus by Sir Isaac Newton and G. W. Leibniz in the late $17^{th}$ cent. More recently it has served as the basis for the modern development and exploitation of algebraic geometry.