I usually think of differential forms as things "dual" to lines, surfaces, etc.

Here I picture forms in a 3-dimensional space. The generalization is obvious, with little care.

A foliation of the space (think of the sedimentary rocks) is always a 1-form. Not all 1-forms are foliations, but they can always be written as *sums* of foliations.

A line integral of a 1-form is simply "how many layers the line crosses". With signs.

A stream of "flux lines", that cross a surface, is a 2-form in R³. Not all 2-forms are streams of lines, but they can be sums of streams of lines.
The surface integral is, again, the number of "intersections".

A 3-form in R³ is simply a "cloud of points". Volume integration is "how many points are within a certain region".

The exterior derivative is the *boundary* of those objects.

Think of the foliation/1-form. If a layer breaks, its boundary is a line. Many layers that break form a stream of lines, that is a 2-form.

You see that if you take a closed loop, the integral of the 1-form along such loop is precisely the number of layers that the loop crossed without crossing back. If the loop is a keyring, the integral is the number of keys.
The value of this integral is the number of layers that were "born" or "dead" within the loop. Or, the number of stream-lines, of the exterior derivative, that crossed an area enclosed by the loop!
This is exactly Stokes' theorem: the integral of a 1-form around a closed loop is equal to the integral of its derivative on an area enclosed by such loop.

Ultimately, Stokes' theorem is a "conservation of intersections".

This works for any order, and any dimension.